Opitilira 40% mwamasamba 10 miliyoni apamwamba pa intaneti amagwiritsa ntchito WordPress. Koma kodi WordPress ndi yotetezeka? Yankho lalifupi la funso ili ndi inde - WordPress ndi yotetezeka. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti WordPress ilibe zovuta zilizonse.

Mwamwayi, gulu la WordPress lalemba zofooka zambiri za WordPress, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwa otsogolera webusayiti kuwonjezera zigawo zachitetezo patsamba lawo. Munkhaniyi, ndifotokoza njira 5 zosavuta zopangira tsamba lanu la WordPress Zambiri otetezeka.

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

1. Khalani ndi Maina Ogwiritsa Ntchito Pamodzi & Mawu Achinsinsi Olowera

Tsamba lolowera admin ndiye mzere woyamba wachitetezo patsamba lanu la WordPress. Ndipamene woyang'anira aliyense kapena wogwiritsa ntchito atha kupeza "kumbuyo" kwa tsamba lanu ndikusintha tsamba lanu, kuyikapo kapena kuchotsa zidziwitso za osuta/makasitomala, kapena kuwonjezera kapena kuchotsa mafayilo ndi mawonekedwe ake - malinga ngati ataloledwa kutero. .

Komabe ochita zoyipa amathanso kugwiritsa ntchito tsamba lolowera ngati njira yowukira tsamba lanu. Mwachitsanzo, mu "Mphamvu Zankhanza” kuukira, obera amayesa mobwerezabwereza kulosera mbiri yanu yolowera kuti alowe patsamba lanu.

Sizingatengere nthawi kuti owonongawa alowe bwino pazidziwitso za tsamba lanu ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito dzina lolowera ndi mawu achinsinsi (monga "admin" pa dzina lolowera, ndi "password1234" pachinsinsi).

Chifukwa chake, chinthu choyamba chosavuta chomwe mungachite kuti tsamba lanu likhale lotetezeka kwambiri ndi gwiritsani ntchito ma usernames apadera ndi mawu achinsinsi amphamvu pazotsimikizira zolowera patsamba. Mufunanso kutsimikizira dzina lanu lolowera ndi mawu achinsinsi wapadera patsamba lanu la WordPress ndipo osagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalo ena olowera (monga kubanki yanu yapaintaneti kapena malo ochezera a pawebusaiti). Izi zidzawonjezera chitetezo china.

Ngati, kumbali ina, mugwiritsanso ntchito dzina lanu lolowera ndi mawu achinsinsi pamasamba angapo, masamba onse omwe akugwiritsa ntchito zidziwitso izi adzakhala pachiwopsezo pomwe amodzi mwa iwo asokonezedwa ndi wobera.

Ngati mukuda nkhawa kuti mudzataya zambiri zomwe mwalowa, pangani zidziwitsozo (onetsetsani kuti mwaphatikiza zilembo zazikulu!). Sungani pepalalo pamalo otetezeka pomwe inu nokha ndi anthu odalirika mungathe kupeza (monga kabati yotsekera).

Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kuloleza kutsimikizika kwazinthu ziwiri kapena mawu achinsinsi amodzi (OTP) patsamba lanu lolowera pa WordPress. Izi zidzapereka gawo lina lachitetezo pamilingo yowonjezereka yachitetezo. Mwachitsanzo, a WordPress chitetezo plugin SG Security (zomwe zimabwera ndi SiteGround kukonza mapulani) imabwera ndi "Two-Factor Authentication" yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yowonjezera ya Google Authenticator. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngakhale wobera angaganize dzina lanu lolowera ndi mawu achinsinsi, amafunikirabe kudziwa nambala yotsimikizira yopangidwa mwachisawawa kuti apeze mwayi wakumbuyo kwa tsamba lanu.

WordPress Yosavuta: Momwe Mungamangirire Mawebusayiti Amphamvu Maphunziro a Davies Media Design

2. Gwiritsani Ntchito Zatsopano Zatsopano za WordPress

Njira ina yosavuta yosungira tsamba lanu kukhala lotetezeka ndikugwiritsa ntchito mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri wa WordPress. WordPress imayenda pa "kutulutsa" komwe kumatulutsa mitundu yatsopano ya code core miyezi 4 iliyonse kapena apo. Ngakhale mitundu yatsopano ya WordPress imatha kukhala yaying'ono kapena yayikulu, pafupifupi nthawi zonse imakhala ndi zosintha zachitetezo.

Zosinthazi zimatengera zaposachedwa kwambiri kuchokera kochokera ngati Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP Foundation), "gulu la pa intaneti lodzipereka pachitetezo cha pulogalamu yapaintaneti."

Mwamwayi, WordPress ndi matembenuzidwe ake atsopano amamasulidwa nthawi zonse amakhala omasuka kuyika patsamba lanu. Ndipo, nthawi zambiri, WordPress imangosintha tsamba lanu kukhala laposachedwa (pokhapokha mutauza mwachindunji kapena mukugwiritsa ntchito mtundu wakale kuposa WordPress 3.7).

Kuphatikiza apo, gulu lalikulu la WordPress limagwiritsa ntchito khama lalikulu kupanga matembenuzidwe atsopano a WordPress kumbuyo kuti agwirizane. Izi zimangotanthauza kuti mitundu yatsopano ya WordPress idapangidwa kuti igwire ntchito ndi mitu yanu yomwe ilipo, mapulagini, ndi ma code anu.

Mutha kuwona ngati tsamba lanu lasinthidwa kukhala laposachedwa polowera ku Dashboard> Zosintha (muvi wachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Apa, muwona mtundu wa WordPress womwe mukugwiritsa ntchito komanso ngati ndi mtundu waposachedwa (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Chinthu chimodzi chofunikira kudziwa ndikuti simukufuna "kulumpha" ku mtundu waposachedwa wa WordPress ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito mtundu wakale kwambiri.

Mwachitsanzo, ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito WordPress 4.9 (yotulutsidwa mu 2017) patsamba lanu lamoyo, sindikukulimbikitsani kuyesa kusinthira ku WordPress 6.2 (mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri pa nthawi ya nkhaniyi). Izi zidzaphwanya zinthu.

M'malo mwake, mukhoza kukopera ndi kukhazikitsa zolemba zakale kutsamba lanu ndikubweretsa tsamba lanu pang'onopang'ono. Kuphatikiza apo, mufuna kusungitsa mafayilo atsamba lanu musanapange zosintha zanu. Ndikupangira kuyang'ana Nkhaniyi pamasitepe osiyanasiyana oti mutenge musanayambe, panthawi, komanso mutasunga tsamba lanu la WordPress. Itha kukhala njira, koma idzakupulumutsirani mutu wakuwonongeka kwa tsamba lanu ndikuyesera kukonza zonse zitachitika.

Dziwani kuti WordPress yanu yakale, m'pamenenso imakhala yotopetsa komanso yowopsa. Ichi ndi chifukwa chinanso chosungira WordPress yanu kukhala yatsopano nthawi zonse!

3. Sinthani Mutu Wanu ku Mtundu Watsopano, Kuphatikizanso Kuchotsa Mitu Yosagwiritsidwa Ntchito

WordPress "imapangitsa" chitetezo chamitu yake yosasinthika popanga, kubwereza, ndikutulutsa mitu yatsopano. Izi zikutanthauza kuti nthawi zonse muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mutu waposachedwa kwambiri wa WordPress mukatha kutero chifukwa udzakhala ndi zosintha zaposachedwa zachitetezo.

Mwamwayi, n'zosavuta kudziwa mutu womwe umakhala waposachedwa kwambiri chifukwa amatchula mutu uliwonse pambuyo pa chaka (kapena chomwe chikubwera) pomwe mutuwo udzatulutsidwa. Mwachitsanzo, mutu womwe adatulutsa mu 2023 umatchedwa "Twenty Twenty-Three."

Kupatula zosintha zachitetezo, mitu yatsopano yosasinthika ilinso ndi zinthu zambiri zatsopano zomwe zimapangidwira kupanga mawebusayiti anu kukhala kosavuta komanso kosangalatsa. Kuphatikiza apo, nthawi zambiri amabwera ndikusintha kwa magwiridwe antchito kuti tsamba lanu liziyenda bwino ndikukuthandizani kuti mukhale ndi anthu ambiri.

Simukudziwa momwe mungasinthire mitu yanu mu WordPress? Ndikuwonetsani momwe mungakhalire WordPress kwa Oyamba 2023: No-Code WordPress Masterclass pa Udemy.

Kaya mwasankha kugwiritsa ntchito mutu waposachedwa kwambiri patsamba lanu la WordPress kapena kutsatira mutu womwe mumakonda, muyenera kuchotsa mitu ina iliyonse yomwe simunagwire kapena yosagwiritsidwa ntchito kumapeto kwa tsamba lanu. Izi ndichifukwa choti mitu yosagwiritsidwa ntchito (makamaka mitu yakale kapena ya chipani chachitatu) ikhoza kukhala ndi ziwopsezo zachitetezo zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwa obera kuti alowe ndikuukira tsamba lanu.

Mutha kuphunzira momwe mungachotsere mitu yosagwiritsidwa ntchito pa WordPress munkhaniyi yolembedwa ndi Davies Media Design.

4. Sinthani mapulagini ku Baibulo Lawo Latsopano & Chongani Kugwirizana

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimapangitsa WordPress kukhala yabwino ndikuphatikiza kwake mapulagini a chipani chachitatu. Komabe, si mapulagini onse omwe amapangidwa ofanana ndipo ena aiwo atha kupanga ziwopsezo zachitetezo patsamba lanu.

Mwamwayi, pali zinthu zingapo zosavuta zomwe mungachite kuti muchepetse chiwopsezo chachitetezo chopangidwa ndi mapulagini.

Poyamba, nthawi zonse amalimbikitsidwa kuti inu tsitsani ndikuyika mapulagini a WordPress kuchokera pankhokwe ya WordPress. Izi ndichifukwa choti mapulagini omwe alembedwa apa akuyenera kuwunikiridwa ndikuvomerezedwa ndi Gulu la Chitetezo cha WordPress asanapatsidwe kuti atsitsidwe. Mutha kupeza mapulagini awa kudzera ulalo wachindunji wosungirako pulagi, kapena kuchokera mwachindunji mkati mwa WP Admin Area ya tsamba lanu mwa kupita ku Mapulagini>Onjezani Chatsopano (muvi wachikasu pachithunzichi pansipa).

Posankha pulogalamu yowonjezera yomwe mungatsitse patsamba lanu la WordPress, ndimalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito mapulagini omwe alembedwa kuti "ogwirizana ndi WordPress yanu." Mwamwayi, WordPress imakuuzani ngati pulogalamu yanu yowonjezera ndi WordPress ikugwirizana kuchokera mwachindunji mkati mwa ndandanda yowonjezera (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mapulagini omwe sanayesedwe motsutsana ndi mtundu waposachedwa wa WordPress adzawonetsa uthengawo: "Osayesedwa ndi mtundu wanu wa WordPress" (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Ngakhale mapulagini "osayesedwa" atha kugwira ntchito bwino ndi mtundu wanu wa WordPress ndi mutu wanu, pangakhale zovuta zachitetezo zomwe sizikudziwika zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi mapulaginiwa. Chifukwa chake, gwiritsani ntchito mapulagini otere mosamala patsamba lanu.

Zindikirani kuti WordPress ikunena mu Security White Paper yawo: "Kuphatikizika kwa mapulagini ndi mitu m'nkhokwe si chitsimikizo kuti alibe chiwopsezo chachitetezo." Izi zikunenedwa, mapulagini omwe ali ndi "chiwopsezo chachikulu" amachotsedwa pamalo osungira, ndipo amatha kukhazikitsidwa ndi Gulu la Chitetezo cha WordPress asanatumizidwenso kumalo osungirako.

Pomaliza, mukakhala ndi mapulagini omwe adayikidwa patsamba lanu, mudzafuna kuwonetsetsa kuti mumawasunga kuti asinthe. Opanga mapulagini nthawi zambiri amabweretsa zosintha zachitetezo ndi zokonza ndi mitundu yawo yatsopano. Chifukwa chake, pokhala ndi pulogalamu yowonjezera yaposachedwa, mumawonetsetsa kuti muli ndi zosintha zaposachedwa kwambiri za pulogalamu yowonjezerayo patsamba lanu. Monga momwe zilili ndi mitu yosagwiritsidwa ntchito kapena yosagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndikupangiranso kuti muyimitse ndikuchotsa mapulagini aliwonse osagwiritsidwa ntchito patsamba lanu kuti muchepetse mwayi woti mapulagini aliwonse oterowo apangitse chiwopsezo chachitetezo pambuyo pake.

Ngati simukudziwa momwe mungasinthire mapulagini mu WordPress, ndikupangira kuti muyang'ane ndondomekoyi yanga WordPress kwa Oyamba 2023: No-Code WordPress Masterclass pa Udemy.

5. Onjezani Satifiketi ya SSL ku Domain Yanu

Chotsatira zosavuta Njira yowonjezera chitetezo ku tsamba lanu la WordPress mu 2023 ndikuwonjezera Satifiketi ya SSL kudera lanu.

Zikalata za SSL (Secure Socket Layer) zimatsimikizira kuti zomwe alendo anu akuwona zimachokera kwa amene adapanga zomwe zili, osati tsamba lachinyengo kapena lachinyengo. Mwanjira ina, imatsimikizira kuti chilichonse ndi chovomerezeka kuchokera mkati mwa msakatuli wa wogwiritsa ntchito.

Masamba omwe ali ndi Satifiketi ya SSL atakhazikitsidwa bwino amakhala ndi chizindikiro cha loko pafupi ndi ulalo watsambalo pakusaka kwa osatsegula. Mwachitsanzo, ngati muyang'ana pamwamba pa tsamba ili mumsakatuli wa Google Chrome, muwona chizindikiro cha loko pafupi ndi ulalo waukulu (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mukadina chizindikiro cha loko, muwona mzere womwe umati "Kulumikizana ndi kotetezeka." Iyi ndi Google yomwe ikutsimikizira kuti kulumikizana kwatsambali ndi msakatuli wa mlendo ndikotetezeka komanso kwachinsinsi.

Zikalata za SSL ndizofunikira makamaka patsamba lililonse lomwe limasonkhanitsa ZINA mtundu wa data ya ogwiritsa. Izi zimaphatikizapo zidziwitso zosavuta zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa kuchokera pa fomu yolumikizirana (ie dzina, imelo, nambala yafoni, ndi zina zambiri), komanso zambiri zovuta kapena zachinsinsi zomwe, mwachitsanzo, zingasonkhanitsidwe kuchokera patsamba la eCommerce (ie manambala a kirediti kadi, adilesi, etc.). Pakupanga kulumikizana kukhala kotetezeka pakati pa webusayiti ndi alendo omwe abwera patsambali, ziphaso za SSL zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kwambiri kwa obera kuba zidziwitso zomwe zasinthidwa pakati pamagulu awiriwo.

Makampani ena opangira masamba amalipira Satifiketi ya SSL, pomwe ena (monga Malo ozungulira) adzapereka a satifiketi yaulere ya SSL. Ambiri operekera alendo ayenera kupereka Satifiketi ya SSL, komanso kupereka malangizo amomwe mungayikitsire patsamba lanu la WordPress.

Monga bonasi yowonjezeredwa, makina osakira ngati Google amakonda kuyika mawebusayiti omwe ali ndi Zikalata za SSL kuposa omwe alibe. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, Zikalata za SSL sizimangopangitsa malo anu kukhala otetezeka, zingathandizenso malo anu kupeza anthu ambiri.

Ndizo za nkhaniyi! Ngati mudasangalala nazo, mutha kuphunzira zambiri za momwe mungapangire tsamba la WordPress kuyambira koyambira mpaka kumapeto kwanga WordPress kwa Oyamba 2023: No-Code WordPress Masterclass pa Udemy.