M'nkhaniyi ndikhala ndikuwona zatsopano zatsopano mumtundu uliwonse wa GIMP 2.10. Mutha kuwona onse zatsopano zomwe zidatulutsidwa mumtundu uliwonse wokhazikika wa GIMP, kuphatikiza kutulutsidwa koyambirira kwa GIMP 2.10, ndi matembenuzidwe okhazikika a GIMP 2.10.2 kudzera pa GIMP 2.10.24, Chatsopano ndi chiyani mu mtundu uliwonse wa GIMP wotulutsidwa , yomwe ili ndi vidiyo iliyonse imene ndatulutsa yofotokoza tsatanetsatane wa nkhani yatsopano iliyonse.

Kuphatikiza apo, ndasinthitsa vidiyo iliyonse posachedwa kuti ikhale ndi masitampu anthawi kuti mutha kulumphira mwachangu ku chinthu chatsopano chomwe mukufuna kuphunzira mumtundu wa GIMP (pogwiritsa ntchito kanema wa YouTube). Koma m'nkhaniyi ndikhala ndikuyang'ana kwambiri zomwe ndikuganiza kuti ndi gawo limodzi LABWINO lomwe limachokera kumasulidwa kokhazikika.

GIMP 2.10

Search Integration Mbali (Search Action)

GIMP 2.10 inali mtundu woyamba watsopano wotulutsidwa wa GIMP m'zaka 8 - zidatengera GIMP pamlingo watsopano pobweretsa matani azinthu zatsopano ndikusintha magwiridwe antchito. Panali zambiri zowonjezera zosintha masewera zomwe zidapangidwa kumtunduwu - kuchokera Kuphatikiza kwazithunzi za RAW kuchiyambi cha Zosefera za GEGL ndi Chida cha MyPaint Brush, zida zatsopano za Transform to Masks a Gulu Layer, ndi zina zambiri.

Komabe, chinthu chomwe chimandisangalatsa kwambiri chomwe chinatulutsidwa m'bukuli ndi "Full Integration Search Feature," yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Sakani Zochita mawonekedwe.

Ngati mwawonera maphunziro anga, mukudziwa kuti ndimagwiritsa ntchito izi nthawi zonse, ndipo moona mtima ndizovuta kukumbukira momwe GIMP inalili isanayambike.

Ndi izi, mumagunda kiyi yopita patsogolo ("/") pa kiyibodi yanu ndikulemba liwu kapena mawu mu bar yofufuzira. GIMP kenako imasaka mwachangu zosefera zonse, zida, zigawo, nyimbo, ndi zina zilizonse mu GIMP - kuwonetsa zotsatira zoyenera pansipa pakusaka. Mutha kudina kawiri pazotsatira kuti mutsegule mawonekedwewo ndikugwiritsa ntchito momwe mungafunire. Zimasunga nthawi yambiri, makamaka ngati simukumbukira komwe fyuluta ina ili muzosefera zambiri za GIMP, kapena ngati simungakumbukire komwe gawo linalake kapena chithunzi chili mukakhala ndi nyimbo zingapo zotseguka zingapo.

Izi zimapangitsa kuti GIMP ikhale yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, komanso imameta kwambiri nthawi yomwe mukugwira ntchito ndikukupatsani mwayi wopeza zinthu zonse zabwino za GIMP pamalo amodzi.


GIMP 2.10.2

Zosefera Zobwerezabwereza

GIMP 2.10.2 idatulutsidwa pasanathe mwezi umodzi pambuyo pa GIMP 2.10 stable release version - patangopita masiku 23, kwenikweni - koma ngakhale kuti nthawi yaying'ono yosinthira, idabwera yodzaza ndi zinthu zatsopano zochititsa chidwi. Panali zosintha zomwe zidapangidwa kuzinthu zingapo za GIMP, monga zowonera bwino zamapulogalamu, magwiridwe antchito a zida zoom, ndi histograms ya zida, ndikuyambitsa zosefera zatsopano monga fyuluta ya Spherize.

Choyimira chatsopano mu mtundu wokhazikika wa GIMP 2.10, m'malingaliro mwanga, chinali kukhazikitsidwa kwa fyuluta yatsopano ya Recursive Transform.

Fyuluta iyi, yomwe ndagwiritsa ntchito m'maphunziro angapo aposachedwa, imakulolani kuti musinthe kangapo kapena kubwerezanso kukhala wosanjikiza pogwiritsa ntchito zida zosinthira zogwirizanitsa. Ndimaphimba fyulutayi kwambiri muphunziro lodzipatulira (pamwambapa), ndikuwonetsanso kagwiritsidwe kake mu "Pangani Droste Effect mu GIMP” phunziro.

Koma mfundo yaikulu ya fyulutayi ndikuti mutha kupanga zosintha zazithunzi pomwe chithunzicho kapena wosanjikiza umabwereza mosalekeza mbali iliyonse, kapena kungobwereza pang'ono zosinthika, ndikusintha kwina komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi yobwereza monga kusinthasintha kapena makulitsidwe.


GIMP 2.10.4

Wongolani Mbali

Mtundu wotsatira wokhazikika wa GIMP, GIMP 2.10.4, unali umodzi mwamatembenuzidwe "opepuka" okhazikika potengera zatsopano, ngakhale pulogalamuyi idakweza kumapeto kwa GIMP kudzera mukusintha kosiyanasiyana kwa magwiridwe antchito.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zomwe zidachokera pakumasulidwa uku ndi gawo la "Sinthani", lomwe lili mkati mwa chida cha Measure. Monga momwe dzinalo likusonyezera, fyuluta iyi imakupatsani mwayi wowongola zithunzi zanu potsata mzere wa m'mphepete mwachizindikiro ndi chida choyezera, kenako ndikudina batani la "Wongoletsani" pazosankha zachida. GIMP ndiye imatembenuza chithunzi chanu kutengera kuchuluka kwa madigiri kuchokera pamzere wanu wolunjika kuchokera pakuwongoka kwathunthu. Ndikuwonetsa izi mukuchita maphunziro odzipereka (pamwambapa).

Zotsatira zake ndi njira yolondola kwambiri yowongola zithunzi zokhotakhota. Uku kunali kuwonjezera kosavuta koma kothandiza pazithunzi za GIMP!


GIMP 2.10.6

Zosefera za Mthunzi Wautali

GIMP inatsatira GIMP 2.10.4 yabata ndi mtundu womasulidwa womwe umaphatikizapo zosefera zomwe ndimakonda kwambiri nthawi zonse - sefa ya Mthunzi Wautali. Fyuluta iyi imapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kupanga zojambula zathyathyathya monga momwe mumawonera pamapangidwe azithunzi, komanso kuti mawu anu aziwoneka a 3D ndikungosintha pang'ono. Zosefera zimagwiranso ntchito ndi mawonekedwe, kupangitsa kuti makona amakona aziwoneka ngati ma cubes kapena mabwalo amawoneka ngati masilinda.

Kuphatikiza apo, monga momwe mungayembekezere, zosefera zazitali za Shadow zimakupatsani mwayi wowonjezera mithunzi yeniyeni yautali uliwonse komanso mbali iliyonse kuchokera pamawu kapena zinthu. Choyipa chachikulu pa chida ichi, m'malingaliro anga, ndikuti simungathe kuwonjezera mthunzi wa 3D m'mbali mwa mthunzi kuti mawonekedwe a 3D awoneke ngati owona.

Mutha kuwona fyuluta iyi ikugwira ntchito muzolemba zanga 5 Zapamwamba pamaphunziro a GIMP, omwe awonetsedwa pamwambapa.


GIMP 2.10.8

Ma Gradients a Hard Edge

GIMP 2.10.8 idawona matani ambiri owongolera magwiridwe antchito ndi kukonza zolakwika pazida zosiyanasiyana, koma chothandizira kwambiri pacholowa cha GIMP chinali kukhazikitsidwa kwa Hard-Edge gradient.

Izi zisanachitike, ma gradients amatha kungosintha mitundu pang'onopang'ono, ndikupanga m'mphepete mwake pomwe mtundu wina umasinthira kukhala wina.

Komabe, ndi mawonekedwe a "hard Edge" gradient, GIMP tsopano ikhoza kusintha mwadzidzidzi kuchoka pamtundu wina kupita ku wina. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, mfundo yomwe mitundu imasintha imachitika mwadzidzidzi ndi m'mphepete molimba.

Mbali yatsopanoyi yatsegula mwayi watsopano wa chida cha gradient, ndikupanga zotsatira zapadera makamaka zikagwiritsidwa ntchito pojambula maziko kapena kuphimba ma gradients olimba pamwamba pa zithunzi ndi mitundu yosanjikiza. Ndikuwonetsa izi muzosankha zanga 7 za GIMP Zosankha Aliyense Woyamba Ayenera Kudziwa (kumapeto).


GIMP 2.10.10

Zitsanzo Zophatikizidwa (Chilitsani & Zida Zofananira)

Panali zinthu zambiri zabwino zomwe zidatulutsidwa mu GIMP 2.10.10 - kuyambira mwanzeru mpaka zatsopano. Mtundu womasulidwawu unayambitsa chida cha Smart Colorization chomwe chinali kuyembekezera kwa nthawi yayitali, komanso chida chanzeru cha "Layer Selection" chomwe chimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kupeza wosanjikiza umodzi mukamagwira ntchito ndi matani a zigawo muzolemba. Koma chothandiza kwambiri chomwe chidatuluka mumtunduwu ndi njira ya "Sample Merged" pazida za Heal and Clone.

Chomwe chimapangitsa mbali iyi yowoneka ngati yocheperako kukhala yothandiza ndikuti imapangitsa zida izi kukhala zosawononga. Chifukwa chake n'chakuti "chitsanzo chophatikizidwa" chimakupatsani mwayi wosankha mapikiselo pamtundu wanu wonse - osati gawo lanu lokhazikika - ndikuchiritsa kapena kufananiza ma pixelwo pagawo losiyana. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, simukufunikanso kuchita machiritso anu mwachindunji pa chithunzi chanu. Tsopano mutha kupenta ma pixel awa pagawo losiyana, lopanda kanthu, ndipo mutha kusintha kapena kuchotsa wosanjikizawo nthawi iliyonse mukamagwira ntchito.

Muthanso kuwonjezera mitundu yosanjikiza, kusintha mawonekedwe, kapena kuwonjezera chigoba chosanjikiza kuti chithandizire kuchiritsa kwanu kapena zotsatira zofananira bwino. Ndikuwonetsa izi ndikuchita mu GIMP Heal Tool Tutorial yanga (pamwambapa).


GIMP 2.10.12

Zosefera za Offset

Gulu la GIMP linatulutsa GIMP 2.10.12 mu June 2019 ndi zosintha ndi zosintha zomwe zidapangidwa ku zida zakale monga chida cha Free Select ndi Curves. Inayambitsanso chinthu chatsopano chochititsa chidwi kwambiri chopanga mawonekedwe opanda msoko - Zosefera za Offset.

Fyuluta iyi, yomwe ndalemba mu Momwe Mungapangire Zitsanzo Zopanda Msoko mu phunziro la GIMP (pamwambapa), limakupatsani mwayi wotsitsa ma pixel osanjikiza ndikupita ku Layers> Transform> Offset. Apa, mutha kusintha pamanja zigawo zanu polemba ma pixel a x ndi y, kapena gwiritsani ntchito mabatani aliwonse pansipa kuti muchepetse mwachangu theka la m'lifupi, theka la kutalika, kapena zonse ziwiri.

Chida ichi chimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwambiri kuyika zinthu zanu m'malire kapena m'makona a zolemba zanu, zomwe zimabweretsa machitidwe obwerezabwereza osasunthika pamene asungidwa ngati fayilo ya .PAT ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi chida chodzaza ndowa.


GIMP 2.10.14

Sefa ya Newsprint

Mtundu wotsatira wa GIMP, GIMP 2.10.14, udafika patatha masiku 141 pambuyo pake, nthawi yachitatu yayitali kwambiri pakati pa kutulutsidwa kwa GIMP 2.10 pamatembenuzidwe onse, koma kunali koyenera kudikirira chifukwa idabwera ndi zosefera zingapo zatsopano, zatsopano "show all. ” chojambulira ndikuwonetsa ma pixel kunja kwa malire a canvas, komanso kuthekera kwa zosefera za GIMP kuti zingopitilira malire osanjikiza kuti zipewe kudulidwa (monga momwe zimakhalira m'matembenuzidwe am'mbuyomu a GIMP - ndikhulupirireni, zinali zokwiyitsa kwambiri. ndi zakale).

Choyimira chodziwika bwino ndi mtundu uwu, komabe, mpaka lero ndi chimodzi mwazosefera zanga zitatu zomwe ndimakonda komanso zogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri - Sefa ya Newsprint. Zosefera izi, zomwe zitha kupezeka popita ku Zosefera> Zosokoneza> Newsprint, zimapanga zotsatira zodziwika bwino zomwe zimawonedwa m'mabuku azithunzithunzi, zojambulajambula, ndi nyuzipepala. Imatembenuza mitundu yonse kukhala yozungulira, diamondi, kapena mizere, kutengera mtundu womwe mwasankha, ndipo ndi chida chabwino kwambiri chopangira maziko akuda ndi oyera kapena amitundu yonse.

Ndagwiritsa ntchito fyulutayi m'maphunziro ambiri - kuphatikiza yanga "Pangani Bubble ya Halftone Comic Speech” phunziro, komanso phunziro langa la “Momwe Mungapangire Halftone Effect mu GIMP” (yosonyezedwa pamwambapa).


GIMP 2.10.18

Chida cha 3D Transform

pambuyo 2.10.16 idachotsedwa chifukwa cha vuto lalikulu zomwe zimawoneka ngati zovuta kwambiri kuzigonjetsa, GIMP 2.10.18 idatulutsidwa ndi zosintha za UI monga zida zogawidwa m'magulu ndi kukonzanso, mutu watsopano wazithunzi, zosintha pazida zotsetsereka, ndikuwonetsa madera oyikapo kuti muyikenso zokambirana zomwe zingatheke. Panali zina zambiri zatsopano komanso kusintha kwa magwiridwe antchito omwe adawonjezeredwa kumtunduwu, koma zomwe ndimakonda kwambiri ndikuyambitsa 3D Transform Tool.

Chida ichi, chomwe ndidachitcha "mwina chida chachikulu kwambiri cha GIMP" m'maphunziro oyamba a What's New mu GIMP 2.10.18, ndi chimodzi mwa zida zotsogola kwambiri zomwe zidagunda pulogalamu ya GIMP.

Ngakhale sindikukhulupiriranso kuti ichi ndi chimodzi mwazida zazikulu kwambiri zomwe GIMP idakhalapo chifukwa chanthawi yake yogwiritsira ntchito, ndikadali chowonjezera chabwino pa zida zosinthira za GIMP ndi kuthekera kwake kusinthasintha wosanjikiza pa 3D axis. Chidacho chili ndi ma tabu atatu omwe amakulolani kuti musinthe kamera, malo, ndi kuzungulira kwa wosanjikiza wanu, ndi zotsetsereka pa tabu iliyonse kuti mupange zosintha zazing'ono kumalo osokonekera, kuchotsera, kapena mbali ya gawo logwira ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito X, Y, ndi Z amagwirizanitsa pa ndege ya 3D.

Zotsatira zake ndi 2D wosanjikiza yemwe amasinthidwa zenizeni komanso mwatsatanetsatane mu danga la 3D.


GIMP 2.10.20

Kulima Kosawononga

GIMP 2.10.20 inakulitsa laibulale ya fyuluta ya GIMP ndikuyambitsa zosefera 3 zatsopano za blur, kuphatikiza Zosefera za Bloom zochititsa chidwi popanga zowoneka bwino zowala bwino pazithunzi. Zowonera zosefera ndi kumasulira kwasefa zidakulitsidwanso, zomwe zimathandizira kuti GIMP ikhale yofulumira, komanso kusintha kwazithunzi kothandiza kwambiri kumawonjezera luso lolemba bwino mawu ndi fyuluta iyi ndikupanga zotsatira zabwino kwambiri (kutanthauza kuti sitiroko sikuwoneka ngati pixelated. kapena osakwanira).

Koma mawonekedwe atsopano a marquee omwe adatulutsidwa ndi mtundu uwu, m'malingaliro mwanga, anali kuyambika kwa zokolola zosawononga. Kukweza uku ku chida chobzala chodziwika kumawonjezera bokosi latsopano pazosankha zake zolembedwa kuti "Chotsani ma pixel odulidwa." Chisasinthidwa, chida chobzala chidzatulutsa ma pixel onse kunja kwa mbewu ndikuchepetsa kukula kwa mbewuyo, koma sichidzachotsa ma pixel odulidwawo. Monga ndidafotokozera mwatsatanetsatane mu phunziro langa la "GIMP's New Non-Destructive Crop Tool" (pamwambapa), ma pixel oyambilira omwe mwapanga amatha kubwezeretsedwanso kupita ku Image> Fit Canvas to Layers.

Chida ichi chisanayambike, kudula chifaniziro chanu kumatanthauza kuti ma pixel onse kunja kwa dera la mbewu adachotsedwa. Chifukwa chake, ngati munadula chithunzi chanu, ndikuchita ntchito zingapo, ndiye kuti mukufuna kusintha mbewuyo, muyenera kusintha zina zonse zomwe munachita MUTANG'OZA kukolola mpaka mbewuyo itathetsedwa.

Ndi gawo latsopanoli losawononga, mutha kukonzanso mbewuyo popanda kusintha zina zonse zomwe mudachita pazolemba zanu.


GIMP 2.10.22

Thandizo labwino la HEIF

GIMP 2.10.22 imadziwika kuti "Mawonekedwe Afayilo" chifukwa idawona zosintha zatsopano zamafayilo omwe adalipo kale, komanso kukhazikitsidwa kothandizira mafayilo atsopano. Zotsatira zake, mtundu watsopanowu udali "wonyezimira" kwambiri kuposa mitundu yaposachedwa ya GIMP. Zomwe zikunenedwa, panali zosintha zamtundu wofunikira kwambiri zomwe zidapangidwa mumtunduwu zomwe zimathandiza kukonza njira zosawononga komanso zosintha zapamwamba zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa mu GIMP 3.0.

Kusintha kofunikira kwambiri kwamafayilo mumtunduwu ndikuthandizira kwa HEIF. HEIF, yomwe imayimira High Efficiency Image Format, ndi mtundu wa fayilo wa m'badwo wotsatira womwe umaphatikiza ma JPEG ndi ma GIF abwino kwambiri komanso amatha kusunga zomwe zimatchedwa "zotengera zithunzi."

Zomwe zimachokera pazithunzi zikuwoneka kuti zitha kukhala maziko akulu kapena gawo loyamba lakusintha kosawononga chifukwa gawoli limalola mafayilo azithunzi kusunga malangizo osintha mkati mwa fayiloyo popanda kuwonjezera kukula kwa fayilo. Chifukwa chake, ngakhale kupanga ma tweaks ang'onoang'ono ku mafayilo a HEIF kungawoneke ngati kosamveka, kusinthika kotereku kungakhale koyambitsa GIMP komanso kulumpha kwakukulu kuzinthu zomwe anthu amafunsidwa ngati zosintha.


GIMP 2.10.24

Kulowera ku Maupangiri ndi Njira Zakunja Kwa Canvas

Mtundu waposachedwa wa GIMP pa nthawi ya nkhaniyi unatulutsidwa pambuyo pa kutha kwa masiku 175 kuyambira mtundu wapitawo - womwe pano ndi chilala chotalika kwambiri pakati pa mitundu yotulutsidwa ya GIMP 2.10 yomwe idasindikizidwa. Kudikirira kwamtunduwu kunali kwanthawi yayitali mokhumudwitsa, ndipo ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri a GIMP adayamba kuganiza chifukwa chake pali kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa zotulutsidwa.

Mwina uku kungakhale kumasulidwa kwakukulu - ndi matani azinthu zatsopano zomwe zangotenga nthawi yayitali kuti zitheke? Mwina uku sikungakhale kumasulidwa kokhazikika kwa GIMP 2.10 konse - mwina GIMP 3.0 inali pafupi kutuluka kotero opanga anali akugwira ntchito kuti akonzekere? Kapena, mokhulupilika, mwina GIMP inali yochepa paopanga chifukwa cha mliriwu ndipo chifukwa chake sanali kugwira ntchito yochuluka chonchi?

Zotsirizirazi zidakhala zoona - ndi amatsika 30% (malinga ndi Synopsys) ndipo GIMP 2.10.24 yowala kwambiri idatulutsidwa. Zambiri zomwe zidachokera pakutulutsidwaku zinali zosintha zazing'ono komanso zosintha zina pamafayilo ndi zosefera zomwe zidalipo kale.

Zotsatira zake, chinthu chosangalatsa kwambiri, kapena chothandiza, chatsopano kuchokera mumtunduwu chinali kuyambitsa kojambula mbewa yanu kumawongolera ndi njira zakunja kwa malire a canvas. Zomwe zidachitika kale pankhaniyi ndikuti mbewa yanu sikanadumphira ku kalozera kapena njira pomwe malo ojambulira anali kunja kwa malire a canvas. Izi zinapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kujambula mizere yowongoka yomwe inatuluka kunja kwa malire, motero kupanga mizere yolakwika.

Ngati tikunena zoona kwathunthu, mawonekedwe amtunduwu ayenera kukhala mawu am'munsi pakutulutsidwa kwakukulu kwa mapulogalamu, koma chifukwa cha momwe zinthu ziliri (kufupikitsidwa kwa omanga pomwe ndikuyika nthawi / khama lochulukirapo pakugwira ntchito pa GIMP 3.0), izi zidatha kukhala zabwino kwambiri zotuluka mu GIMP 2.10.24.


GIMP 3.0

Ngakhale mndandanda wazinthu zabwino kwambiri zotuluka mumtundu uliwonse wa GIMP 2.10 wokhazikika udatha pamtundu wamtundu wamba, nkhani yabwino ndiyakuti GIMP yawoneratu zina mwazodabwitsa zomwe zikubwera za GIMP 3.0.

Zina mwazinthu zodziwika bwino ndikuphatikiza Paint Select Tool yatsopano, yomwe imatha kukhala ngati Foreground Select Tool pa steroids, kusankha kwamitundu ingapo, kuyika maupangiri kunja kwa canvas, GIMP Plug-in Extensions Manager, GIMP API yowongoka. kuti muphatikize bwino mapulagi-mu (ie mapulagi ambiri okhala ndi mawonekedwe abwinoko azitha kupezeka mu GIMP 3.0), ma tempulo ophatikizika mwachindunji (ie kusankha template posintha kukula kwa chithunzi), ndi zina zambiri.

Mwanjira ina, kukula kwa GIMP sikungoyima - kumangoyang'ana kwambiri pakukula kwa GIMP 3.0 kuposa china chilichonse. Ndikuganiza kuti izi zikutiuza kuti opanga GIMP amawona zotsatira zazikulu zopezera GIMP 3.0 kudziko lapansi, motero amayang'ana kwambiri kuti izi zichitike posachedwa.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munakonda, osayiwala kuyang'ana zanga zina Zolemba Zothandizira za GIMP, Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP, kapena kulembetsa mu a GIMP Premium Course!