Takulandilani kuzaka khumi zatsopano! 2020 imabweretsa chaka chatsopano, ndipo mwachiyembekezo izi zikubwera patsogolo kwambiri ndi GIMP chithunzi chojambula! M'nkhaniyi, ndikupereka kuyang'ana mmbuyo pa chaka mu GIMP cha 2019, komanso chithunzithunzi cha zomwe zidzachitike pulogalamuyo mu 2020.

2019 GIMP Recap

3 GIMP Yatsopano Yotulutsidwa

Chaka cha 2019 chinali chaka chochita bwino kwambiri ku GIMP, ndipo ogwiritsa ntchito pulogalamuyi anali okhutira ndi zosintha zomwe gulu la GIMP lidapanga. Pakafukufuku yemwe adachitika pa njira ya Davies Media Design YouTube, 78% ya ogwiritsa ntchito adavotera kusinthika / kupita patsogolo kwa pulogalamu ya GIMP ya 2019 7 mwa 10 kapena kupitilira apo (mwa mayankho opitilira 450 pa kafukufukuyu). 6% yokha idavotera kupita patsogolo kwa pulogalamuyi 4 mwa 10 kapena kuchepera. Ndimakonda kuvomereza kuwunika kwabwino kumeneku.

Gulu la GIMP lidatulutsa zosintha zitatu mu 3, kuphatikiza GIMP 2019, GIMP 2.10.10, ndi GIMP 2.10.12. Kutulutsa kwatsopano kumeneku kunali kofunikira kwambiri, kumabweretsa zatsopano zambiri, magwiridwe antchito, ndikusintha magwiridwe antchito / kukonza zolakwika.

Mwachitsanzo, GIMP 2.10.10, yomwe idatulutsidwa koyambirira kwa Epulo 2019, idawonetsa zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa kwambiri Smart Colorization mawonekedwe, omwe amalola ogwiritsa ntchito kudzaza mawonekedwe omwe ali ndi mizere yokokedwa pamanja pachithunzi/chifanizo - ngakhale mawonekedwewo sanatsekedwe bwino kapena otsekedwa kwathunthu. Izi ndi zabwino kwa ojambula zithunzi, ojambula zithunzi, ndi aliyense amene amapanga zojambula kapena zojambula mkati mwa pulogalamuyi ndipo akufuna kukongoletsa mwachangu zojambula zawo.

GIMP 2.10.12, yomwe inatulutsidwa pakati pa mwezi wa June, idawona kusintha kocheperako, koma kunapangitsa kusintha kwakukulu kowonjezereka kwa zinthu monga zida, monga chida cha ma curve - chomwe chinapatsidwa kukonzanso pang'ono, chojambula chojambula (kuphatikizapo pamene kujambula ndi Symmetry). Chida), ndi madera osankhidwa - omwe adayambitsa njira yatsopano yopangira ndikugwiritsa ntchito zosankha.

Pomaliza, kumasulidwa kwa GIMP 2.10.14 kumapeto kwa Okutobala adamaliza chaka ndikuwonjezera zina zazikulu - zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zabwino kwambiri pazotulutsa zatsopano zitatu pachaka. Kusintha kodziwika kwambiri ndikutha kuwonetsa ndikusintha zinthu kunja kwa chinsalu cha GIMP (chinthu chomwe chakhala chikuyembekezeredwa kwanthawi yayitali chomwe chimadziwika kuti "Onetsani onse” mode), komanso kuthekera kogwiritsa ntchito zosefera kunja kwa malire osanjikiza (ndipo kuletsa zotsatira kuti zisadulidwe ndi malire osanjikiza). Panalinso zosefera zatsopano zomwe zidawonjezedwa mumtunduwu, komanso kusintha kwanthawi zonse kuti mupitilize kupanga GIMP kukhala pulogalamu yokhazikika komanso yamphamvu.

GIMP 2020: Zomwe Zikubwera

Ngati mudalankhulapo mwachindunji ndi gulu la GIMP zamitundu yamtsogolo ya GIMP, mudziwa kuti sakonda kupereka mayankho olimba pazinthu monga masiku otulutsa kapena nthawi yotulutsa GIMP. Chifukwa chake, ndikulingalira kwa aliyense kuti mtundu watsopano wa GIMP udzatulutsidwa liti.

GIMP 2.10.16

Chinthu chimodzi chomwe ndauzidwa, komabe, ndikuti kumasulidwa kotsatira kudzakhala GIMP 2.10.16. Ndipo, popeza nthawi yanthawi zonse pakati pa zotulutsa zosakhala zazikulu (mitundu ya 2.10.x) ili pakati pa miyezi 3-4, titha kuyembekezera kuti mtundu waposachedwawu utuluke pakanthawi koyambirira kwa February ndi Marichi 2020. Sizikudziwikiratu monga kuzinthu zomwe zidzatulutsidwa ndi Baibuloli, koma tikhoza kuyembekezera zinthu monga kukweza kwazing'ono ku zida zomwe zilipo kale, kukonzanso GEGL ndi BABL, ndi kukonza zolakwika ndi kuwonjezereka kwa ntchito.

Mpaka pano, pakhala pali nsikidzi pafupifupi 500 zomwe zanenedwa pamitundu ya GIMP 2.10, ndipo kupitilira 70% ya nsikidzizo tsopano zakonzedwa / kukonzedwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti pafupifupi 30% ya nsikidzi zimatsalira pakukula kwa GIMP 2.10.x (kuphatikiza GIMP 2.10.16). Izi ndizofunikira kuzindikira chifukwa nsikidzi nthawi zambiri zimasokoneza kutulutsa kwatsopano - ndipo nsikidzi zambiri zomwe zimayima m'njira, zimatengera nthawi yayitali kuti mtundu watsopano wa GIMP utulutsidwe.

Ndiyenera kudziwa kuti opanga sadalira nsikidzi ZONSE kuti zikonzedwe asanatulutse pulogalamu yatsopano - atha kuchedwetsa tizirombo tating'ono kuti akweze tsiku lotulutsa pulogalamu yatsopano. Zonsezi zikunenedwa, pali nsikidzi zambiri zomwe zikufuna kuchedwetsa, kotero kuchuluka kwa nsikidzi zomwe zatsala zitha kutipatsa chithunzi chowoneka bwino cha kuchuluka kwa ntchito yomwe yatsala mpaka kutulutsidwa kwatsopano kwa GIMP kudzapezeka.

GIMP 3.0

Mu kanema komwe ndidapanga koyambirira kwa 2019 ndikubwerezanso chaka cham'mbuyomu (2018) ndikuwunikira zomwe zimayenera kubwera ku GIMP mu 2019, ndidanena kuti gulu la GIMP likukonzekera kutulutsa mtundu 3.0 pambuyo pake mchaka - womwe udayenera kukhala. Kupambana kwakukulu kwa pulogalamu yaulere.

Tsoka ilo, izi sizinachitike (monga ambiri a inu mukudziwa), zomwe zikutanthauza kuti 2020 ipitilira kudikirira kutulutsidwa kwakukulu kwa pulogalamuyi.

Nkhani yabwino ndiyakuti, zikuwoneka kuti pali kupita patsogolo kwakukulu kuti GIMP 3.0 itulutsidwe.

Poyambira, kupitilira 60% ya nsikidzi zomwe zalembedwa za GIMP 3.0 zakhazikitsidwa (kapena zolembedwa "zotsekedwa"). Izi zikutanthauza kuti zosakwana 40% za nsikidzi zomwe zanenedwa zikukhalabe zikudikirira kuti zikonzedwe (zina mwa nsikidzizi zitha kutenga nthawi yambiri kuposa zina - ngakhale kukhala ndi theka la nsikidzi zomwe zakonzedwa kale ndi chizindikiro chabwino).

Kuphatikiza apo, gulu la GIMP lili ndi tebulo lomwe lili ndi zinthu zazikulu zisanu zomwe likufuna kukhazikitsa mu GIMP 5. Zonse 3.0 mwazinthu zazikuluzikuluzi zili ndi udindo wa "ntchito ikuchitika" - ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi "zomaliza". Izi zikutanthauza kuti gulu lachitukuko la GIMP layamba kale kugwira ntchito pazinthu zazikulu zonse zomwe zimafunikira kumalizidwa kuti GIMP 5 itulutsidwe.

Ngati mukudabwa chifukwa chake GIMP 3.0 idzakhala yochititsa chidwi kwambiri, chifukwa chachikulu ndi ichi: GIMP ikugwiritsa ntchito chinachake chotchedwa GTK, chomwe chimayimira GIMP Toolkit. Chida ichi, chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana - makamaka ku Open Source world, ndi "chida chamitundu yambiri chopangira ma interfaces." Mwanjira ina, ndiye maziko a GIMP, kuphatikiza momwe imawonekera ndikugwira ntchito.

Pakadali pano, mitundu ya GIMP 2.10 imagwiritsa ntchito GTK+2 - yomwe ndi mtundu wakale komanso wachikale wa GIMP Toolkit. GIMP 3.0 ikatulutsidwa, GIMP Toolkit idzasinthidwa kukhala GTK+3 yamakono - yomwe ikuyenera kupititsa patsogolo mawonekedwe a ogwiritsa ntchito, kukonza magwiridwe antchito, ndikutsegulira mwayi pazinthu zina monga kusintha kosawononga (ganizirani magawo osintha a Photoshop).

Pali mapulogalamu ena ambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito GTK+3, omwe akhalapo kwa zaka zambiri - ndiye bwanji GIMP sinasinthebe?

Yankho ndikuti GIMP ndi pulogalamu yayikulu kwambiri komanso yovuta yokhala ndi codebase yayikulu (ndi opanga ambiri omwe amathandizira). Zotsatira zake, kusintha chilichonse kuchokera ku GTK+2 kupita ku GTK+3 ndi nthawi yambiri ndipo kumafuna ukadaulo wofunikira wamakhodi. Gulu lachitukuko la GIMP lakhala likugwira ntchito pa "porting" GIMP kupita ku GTK+3 kwakanthawi tsopano - chifukwa chake, tikuthokoza, tatsala pang'ono kumaliza ntchito yazaka zambiriyi. Chiyembekezo changa ndi chakuti GIMP 3.0 imasulidwa kumapeto kwa chaka chino. Ndikadati ndikungoganiza, ndikadati titha kuyembekezera kutulutsidwa pakati pa Seputembala ndi Novembala 2020 (ngakhale musandigwiritsire ntchito - sindichita chitukuko chilichonse cha projekiti ya GIMP ndipo ndidalakwitsa ndikulosera kwanga chaka chatha. ).

Zina mwazinthu zazikulu zomwe zikubwera ku GIMP 3.0 zikuphatikiza Kuwongolera Zowonjezera, yomwe ipanga malo apakati pazothandizira zonse za chipani chachitatu za GIMP (ie mapulagini, maburashi, Pattern, ndi zina), bwinoko Thandizo la piritsi la Wacom, zomwe zidzasintha zojambula za digito / zojambulajambula ndi piritsi (pakali pano kukonza kofunikira kwambiri m'malingaliro anga), ndi zowongolera zamakanema (pakanema makanema ojambula mu GIMP ndi odetsa - ndiye ichi ndichinthu china chofunikira kwambiri).

"Zosintha zosanjikiza" zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa kwambiri sizipezeka mpaka GIMP 3.2 itatulutsidwa - zomwe ndikukhulupirira sizikhala mpaka pakati pa 2021 koyambirira.

Monga nthawi zonse, ndikhala ndikutulutsa maphunziro atsopano pamasinthidwe aposachedwa akamatuluka, choncho khalani tcheru ku Davies Media Design mu 2020! Mutha kusinthidwa kudzera m'makalata athu, Tsamba la Maphunziro a Kanema a GIMPndipo Njira ya YouTube ya GIMP. Muthanso kupeza zomwe zili patsamba lathu pakukhala a DMD Premium Member lero!