M'nkhaniyi ndikupereka kufananitsa mozama pakati pa GIMP, yomwe ndi pulogalamu yaulere yosinthira zithunzi, ndi Photoshop, pulogalamu yosinthira zithunzi za Adobe.

Ngati mungafune, mutha kuwonera kanema wamutuwu pansipa, kapena kudumphani ndikupitilira kunkhaniyo, yomwe ikupezeka m'zilankhulo zopitilira 30 (gwiritsani ntchito mawu ogwetsera m'chinenero chomwe chili pamwamba kumanzere kwa tsamba).

Chodzikanira mwachangu: Ndakhala ndikupanga maphunziro ndi maphunziro a GIMP kuyambira 2011 ndipo ndakhala woyimira mwamphamvu pa GIMP ndi Free and Open Source Software. Ndipotu ena a inu mukudziwa ine sindiri mantha kulankhula motsutsa nthawi ndi nthawi za Adobe ena mavidiyo anga. Koma ndikuganiza ambiri a inu mungafune kusalowerera ndale, njira yolunjika poyerekeza mapulogalamu awiriwa - ndizomwe ndasankha kuchita pankhaniyi.

Kuti ndifananize, ndikugwiritsa ntchito GIMP 2.10.18 ndi Photoshop CC 2020, omwe ndi mitundu yaposachedwa kwambiri ya mapulogalamu awo (panthawi yomwe izi zidapangidwa).

Ndiyamba nkhaniyi ndi mawu oyamba ku Photoshop ndi GIMP, ndipo nditsatira izi ndi mphamvu ndi zofooka za mapulogalamu onsewa. Zindikirani kuti sindikhala ndikulemba zonse zomwe zili m'mapulogalamu onsewa chifukwa zingapangitse kuti nkhaniyi ikhale yayitali kwambiri. Tiyeni tiyambe ndi mawu oyamba a mapulogalamu awiriwa.

Photoshop Introduction

Si chinsinsi kuti Photoshop wakhala chizindikiro chikhalidwe kwa mbali yabwino kwa zaka makumi awiri zapitazi, ndi kuti onse amafotokoza ndi kulamulira chithunzi kusintha ndi mpheto malo kuyambira chiyambi chake mu 1990. yokha yakhala verebu - monga "Photoshop" wina kuchokera pa chithunzi.

Chida cha "Select Subject" ndi chimodzi mwa zida za "smart" za Photoshop zomwe zimathandizira kukonza zithunzi.

Masiku ano, Photoshop yakhala yofunika kwambiri pakujambula zithunzi za ojambula padziko lonse lapansi. Imagwiritsa ntchito zida zambiri zosankhidwa mwanzeru zoyendetsedwa ndi AI komanso zosintha zosawononga. Kuphatikiza apo, Photoshop ili ndi zida zambiri zanzeru zopangira zoseweretsa zamtundu wazinthu, mapangidwe awebusayiti, ndi zina zambiri.

Imawerengedwa kuti ndi pulogalamu yokhazikika yamakampani yosinthira zithunzi ndikusintha ndipo ndi pulogalamu yopitira kwa akatswiri ojambula ndi mabungwe opanga.

Chiyambi cha GIMP

Ophunzira ku UC Berkley Adapanga Gnu Image Manipulation Program ngati Linux Alternative to Photoshop.

Kumbali ina, GIMP, kapena GNU Image Manipulation Programme, yafanana ndi Photoshop kuyambira pomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1996. Pulogalamuyi yaulere idakhazikitsidwa ndi ophunzira angapo aku koleji ku UC Berkley ngati njira yosinthira zithunzi pamakina ogwiritsira ntchito a Linux. idasinthika kudzera mu chitukuko chokhazikitsidwa ndi anthu kuti ikhale njira yabwino kwambiri ya UFULU ya Photoshop padziko lapansi.

Chida cha Foreground Select ndi chimodzi mwazida zothandiza kwambiri mu GIMP pakusintha ndikusintha zithunzi

GIMP ili ndi zonse zomwe mungafune kuti musinthe ndikusintha zithunzi zanu, kuphatikiza zida zoyambira komanso zapamwamba kwambiri. Ngakhale kutchuka kwambiri, "GIMP" sinakhale verebu - lomwe mwina ndilobwino kwambiri poganizira sindikuganiza kuti anthu amafuna "GIMPed" pachithunzi. Komabe, izi sizikuchotseratu mfundo yoti GIMP yakhala ikuwonjezeka kwambiri m'zaka zaposachedwa chifukwa cha chitukuko chake komanso chithandizo chamagulu.

GIMP yakhala chisankho chodziwikiratu kwa ojambula atsiku ndi tsiku, okonzanso zithunzi, ndi akatswiri ojambula pazithunzi.

Zonse zomwe zikunenedwa, tiyeni tilowe muzomwe ndimakonda komanso zomwe sindimakonda makamaka pa pulogalamu iliyonse, kuyambira ndi zomwe ndimakonda pa Photoshop.

Mphamvu za Photoshop

Mphamvu za Photoshop zimayamba ndi gulu lake lapadziko lonse lapansi la opanga mapulogalamu ndi akatswiri opanga mapulogalamu. Monga "Goose Goose" wa kampani ya madola mabiliyoni ambiri, Photoshop ali ndi luso lotha kusunga ndi kukonza pulogalamuyi.

Zotsatira zake, pulogalamuyi ikupanga zatsopano nthawi zonse ndi zatsopano, zotsogola bwino, komanso magwiridwe antchito amitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Kamera RAW ndi purosesa yopangidwa ndi RAW yosinthira zithunzi za RAW mu Photoshop

Photoshop mosakayikira ndi pulogalamu yovuta kwambiri yokhala ndi zophatikizira zingapo zomwe zimagwira ntchito mosasunthika, monga mawonekedwe opangidwira a RAW "Camera Raw," zinthu zanzeru zopangira zida zamapangidwe, ndi kuphatikiza kwa Creative Cloud pulogalamu yobweretsa nyimbo kuchokera ku mapulogalamu ena a Adobe monga. Lightroom kapena Illustrator.

Tsamba la "Phunzirani" la Photoshop Lili ndi Maulalo a Maphunziro Oyambira

Komanso, Photoshop ali Integrated Maphunziro mu chophimba kunyumba ake kuthandiza oyamba kuphunzira pulogalamu, komanso Adobe Stock zidindo kupanga ntchito mwamsanga. Zachidziwikire, mufunika dongosolo la Creative Cloud lomwe limaphatikizapo Adobe Stock kuti mupeze ma template kapena zithunzi.

Mawonekedwe a Adobe Photoshop ndi osavuta kupanga komanso odzaza ndi mawonekedwe. Ili ndi zida zoyika m'magulu, zokambirana zomwe zitha kukhazikitsidwanso paliponse pozungulira chinsalu, ndi "zosankha" zamphamvu zomwe zimasintha kutengera chida chomwe mwasankha kuti chiwunikire zida zowonjezera.

Chida Chosankha Zinthu chimasankha mwachangu zinthu pansalu mu Photoshop

Kulowa mu zida zina, Photoshop ili ndi zida zosiyanasiyana zosankhidwa mwanzeru zomwe zimagwira ntchito mwachangu komanso mwanzeru. Zida izi sizabwino, komabe, monga ndidawonetsera mu "GIMP vs. Photoshop: 90 Second Background Erasing”vidiyo. Komabe, zida monga Chida Chosankha Zinthu ndi chida cha Quick Selection ndi zida zosankhidwa mwanzeru. Zida izi zimabweranso ndi batani la "Sankhani Mutu" mu bar ya zosankha kuti musankhe mwachangu nkhani zodziwika pachithunzichi. Kuphatikiza apo, batani la "Sankhani ndi Chigoba" mkati mwa zidazi limabweretsa zokambirana kuti mukonze mwachangu zigawo zomwe mwasankha - kukulitsa luso lawo ndikufulumizitsa mayendedwe anu.

Zida za Photoshop's Heal and Clone zimakupatsani mwayi wowona machiritso, kukhudzanso kapena kufufuta zinthu pazithunzi

Sindingathe kulankhula za Photoshop popanda kutchula zinthu zomwe zinapangitsa Photoshop kutchuka. Zida izi zikuphatikiza zida za Airbrush, Heal, Clone, ndi Warp, komanso zida za Photoshop zochotsa zinthu. Photoshop ndiyabwino kwambiri pakusintha thupi, zomwe zimadzetsa mkangano padziko lonse lapansi pazithunzi za thupi komanso ngati zotsutsa ziyenera kufunidwa pazithunzi zojambulidwa kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, gawo la Content Aware Fill limatha kufufuta chilichonse chomwe mwasankha pachithunzicho, ndipo chida cha Spot Healing chimatha kujambula zolakwika pachithunzithunzi monga banga pa malaya amunthu.

Chida cha Curves ndi chimodzi mwazida zambiri zosinthira zithunzi mu Photoshop

Photoshop mwachilengedwe imakhala ndi zida zonse zosinthira zithunzi monga Ma Curves, Levels, Dodge ndi Burn, ndi zida zosiyanasiyana zosinthira monga zida za Free Transform ndi Crop, komanso zosefera zosiyanasiyana za ntchito zomwe wamba monga kusokoneza kapena kunola.

Zosintha Zosintha, monga zomwe zikuwonetsedwa pano, zimakulolani kuti musinthe zithunzi zosawononga

Komabe, imodzi mwamphamvu zazikulu za pulogalamuyi imachokera ku mawonekedwe ake osawononga - makamaka zigawo zosintha zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kusunga chithunzi chanu choyambirira pamene mukugwira ntchito, kapena kubwereranso ndikusintha zosintha zomwe mumapanga nthawi iliyonse mumayendedwe anu. .

Photoshop mosakayikira ndi pulogalamu yapamwamba kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yosintha zithunzi ndikusinthanso mawonekedwe omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ojambula ambiri abwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Zimagwira ntchito bwino, ngakhale ndi kukula kwakukulu kwazithunzi, zida zake zambiri zimakhala mphezi. Imagwira pa Mac, Windows, ndi iPad (ndi Photoshop yatsopano ya iPad). Zachidziwikire, ilinso ndi gulu lalikulu la opanga omwe amapanga masauzande amaphunziro, zolemba, ndi maphunziro pa pulogalamuyi. Pomaliza pali zambiri zowonjezera, mapulagini, maburashi, zilembo, etc. mukhoza kukopera kwabasi kwa Photoshop kupititsa patsogolo pulogalamu.

Mphamvu za GIMP

Tiyeni tipitirire ku GIMP, yomwe ndithudi idaleredwa mosiyana ndi Photoshop.

M'malo mokhala ndi ndalama zopanda malire komanso zopangira mapulogalamu kuti asunge mapulogalamu ake, GIMP imadalira kwathunthu zopereka zodzipereka kuchokera kugulu lotseguka la omanga aganyu (okhala ndi ntchito zamasiku). Palibe ambulera yayikulu yamabizinesi kapena gulu lankhondo lapakati pa asanu ndi anayi mpaka asanu, akatswiri opanga mapulogalamu apamwamba omwe amapereka moyo wawo pantchito yopanga GIMP.

Ngakhale izi, GIMP yatha kupulumuka pafupifupi kotala lazaka pa nthawi ya nkhaniyi, ndikukhala njira yopangira mphamvu ku Photoshop. Malingaliro a bootstrap awa a chitukuko cha GIMP nthawi zambiri amagwira ntchito mokomera, kupanga chikhalidwe cha anthu mozungulira polojekitiyi.

GIMP ili ndi zida zamagulu (muvi wofiyira), zosankha zazida (muvi wobiriwira) ndi zina zofanana ndi Photoshop

Pali zinthu zambiri zomwe zimapezeka mu GIMP zomwe mwachiwonekere zidauziridwa ndi Photoshop, koma GIMP ili kutali ndi kugogoda kapena kukopera kaboni. Imachita zinthu zambiri mosiyana pomwe imachita zinthu zina bwino kuposa Photoshop. Kutsegula GIMP kwa nthawi yoyamba, mudzazindikira nthawi yomweyo kuti, monga Photoshop, ili ndi zida zamagulu, mutu wakuda, ndi mabokosi a zokambirana ozungulira chinsalu. Palinso dialog ya Tool Options yomwe imakupatsani mwayi wosinthira zida zanu zosiyanasiyana.

GIMP imagwiritsa ntchito makina osanjikiza (muvi wofiyira), ndipo UI yake imatha kukonzedwanso ndikusinthidwanso.

Monga Photoshop, zokambirana zimatha kusuntha kuti apange malo osiyanasiyana ogwirira ntchito. GIMP imagwiritsanso ntchito makina osanjikiza kuphatikiza kuthekera kowonjezera masks osanjikiza, magulu amagulu palimodzi, ndikuwonjezera mitundu yosanjikiza kumagawo.

Zosangalatsa: pali mitundu yambiri yosanjikiza mu GIMP kuposa mitundu yosakanikirana mu Photoshop.

Komanso monga Photoshop, GIMP ili ndi zida zambiri zosankhidwa mwanzeru, chida chake champhamvu kwambiri kukhala Chida Chosankhira Patsogolo. Chida ichi chili ndi zinthu zofanana zomwe zimapezeka mu Kusankha Kwachinthu, Kusankha Mwachangu, ndi Sankhani Zida Zamutu zomwe zimapezeka mu Photoshop.

GIMP ili ndi zida zambiri zosinthira ndikusintha monga chida cha Curves

GIMP ili ndi zida zolumikizira zamphamvu kuphatikiza chida cha Heal, chida cha Clone, ndi chida cha Warp Transform. Zida izi zimagwira ntchito bwino monga zofanana ndi Photoshop, kukulolani kuti mugwiritsenso ntchito zithunzi munthawi yake ndikupeza zotsatira zaukadaulo. Ili ndi zida zonse zofunika zosinthira zithunzi monga Ma Curves, Levels, Dodge ndi Burn, ndi zina zambiri zosinthira zithunzi zoyambira komanso zapamwamba.

GIMP's 3D Transform Tool ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zapamwamba zomwe zimapezeka mu pulogalamuyi

Ilinso ndi zida zosinthira monga chida cha Unified Transform, chida cha Scale, ndi chida chapamwamba kwambiri cha 3D Transform.

Zosefera za GEGL mu GIMP zimakupatsani mwayi wowoneratu ndikugawa zowonera

GIMP ili ndi zosefera zosiyanasiyana za ntchito zanthawi zonse zosintha zithunzi monga kukulitsa ndi kufinya, komanso zosefera zamtundu wapamwamba kwambiri ngati sefa ya Long Shadow. Zambiri mwazoseferazi zimayenda pa injini yotseguka yomwe imadziwika kuti GEGL yomwe imalola kugwira ntchito mwachangu komanso mawonekedwe abwino monga njira yowoneratu kugawanika. Ndili ndi zonse maphunziro a kanema operekedwa ku lingaliro la GEGL patsamba langa.

Monga Photoshop, GIMP ili ndi gulu lalikulu la opanga zomwe amapanga maphunziro amomwe angachitire. Davies Media Design, mwachitsanzo, ali ndi mazana a maphunziro aulere pa YouTube, Nkhani Zothandizira apa patsamba lathu, ndi zambiri Maphunziro a GIMP kuti muphunzire bwino pulogalamuyo ndikuwongolera kusintha kwazithunzi.

G'MIC ndi imodzi mwamapulagini ambiri omwe amapezeka kuti awonjezere luso la GIMP

M'malo omwe GIMP ikusowa, nthawi zambiri pamakhala pulogalamu yowonjezera ya chipani chachitatu kapena chida chodzaza mipata. Mwachitsanzo, a G'MIC plug-in amachita ntchito yabwino yopereka zosefera zowonjezera ndi zotsatira, pomwe ma Resynthesizer plug-in kumakupatsani mwayi wopeza chida chanzeru chofufutira chomwe chimagwira ntchito bwino, ngati sichili bwino, kuposa Fill's Content-aware ya Photoshop.

Mapulogalamu aulere ngati Darktable awiri bwino ndi GIMP

Kuphatikiza apo, pali mndandanda wathunthu wamapulogalamu aulere komanso otseguka ngati Mdima wamdima kwa RAW processing, Inkscape kwa zithunzi za vector, ndi Blender ya mapangidwe a 3D ndi makanema ojambula. Amagwiritsa ntchito code yofanana ndi GIMP, ndiye mukangophunzira imodzi mwazo, enawo amakhala ndi njira yophunzirira bwino.

Monga Photoshop, GIMP imathandizira mafonti achipani chachitatu, maburashi, ndi mapatani. Imathandizira ngakhale kugwiritsa ntchito maburashi ambiri a Photoshop.

Pomaliza pali ena abwino ufulu stock zithunzi Websites ngati Zosakaniza, Unsplash ndi Pixabay omwe ali ndi katundu waulere kuti mutsitse ndikugwiritsa ntchito pama projekiti anu aliwonse a GIMP.

Pamapeto pake, GIMP imapeza mphamvu mu kuphweka kwake, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale yabwino kwa wojambula wamba kapena chojambulira chithunzi choyambirira. Komabe, mukamafufuza mozama pulogalamuyo, muphunzira kuti ndi yamphamvu mokwanira kuti mukwaniritse ntchito zosintha ndikusintha mwaukadaulo. Imagwira pamakina onse apakompyuta, kuphatikiza Windows, Mac ndi Linux, ndipo, kumapeto kwa tsiku, ndi yaulere ndipo imathandizidwa ndi gulu labwino kwambiri.

Chabwino, ndiye ndafotokoza zomwe ndimakonda pamapulogalamu onsewa, koma tiyeni tilowe momwe mapulogalamuwa ali ndi zofooka zawo - kuyambira ndi Photoshop.

Zofooka za Photoshop

Chofooka chachikulu cha Photoshop ndi chindapusa chomwe mumalipira mwezi uliwonse. Kwa mabizinesi ambiri ndi anthu pawokha izi ndizovuta zowonjezera, makamaka munthawi zovuta zachuma monga panopo. Ndipo inde, ndikudziwa kuti pulogalamu ya pirating yozungulira mtengo yakhala yofala, koma izi zimabwera ndi zoopsa zambiri zosafunikira zomwe sindingalowemo m'nkhaniyi.

Kunja kwa mtengo wake, Adobe imakhalanso ndi chizolowezi chosinthira mapulogalamu ake nthawi zonse. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zabwino kuposa zoyipa, koma zosintha nthawi zonse zimatha kukhala zovutitsa kwa ena - zimafuna kuchuluka kwamphamvu kwapakompyuta komanso kuphunzira mozama, makamaka kuyambira Adobe inakakamiza ogwiritsa ntchito ake kusiya kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu akale. Ngati mtundu umodzi wa Photoshop uli ndi cholakwika, mwachitsanzo, koma zosinthazo sizigwirizana ndi makina ogwiritsira ntchito kapena khadi lazithunzi, ndiye kuti wogwiritsa ntchitoyo amakhala ndi cholakwika kapena akufunika kukweza kompyuta yawo.

Kuphatikizana ndi kufooka kotsatira, Photoshop imagwira ntchito ndi machitidwe opangira Windows ndi MAC, komanso pa iPad, koma sizigwira ntchito pa Linux. Zachidziwikire, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito makina enieni kuti muyendetse Photoshop pa Linux, koma sizofanana ndikuyendetsa mwachindunji pakompyuta yanu.

Pomaliza, kwa ogwiritsa ntchito omwe amangofuna kusintha zithunzi zawo, mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono, kapena mapulojekiti okonda, Photoshop ili ndi zambiri kuposa zomwe angafune. Kuvuta kumeneku kungathe kuchepetsa ntchito zosavuta zosintha zithunzi, makamaka pamene mukugwira ntchito pa kompyuta yomwe ili pansi pa zofunikira za dongosolo.

Zofooka za GIMP

Tiyeni tipitirire ku zofooka za GIMP.

Kukhala ndi antchito odzipereka ndiko kumapangitsa GIMP kukhala yaulere, koma izi zimabwera ndi zovuta. Chifukwa chimodzi, chitukuko cha GIMP chingakhale chosagwirizana, ndi zatsopano zomasulidwa kutenga kulikonse pakati pa miyezi itatu mpaka isanu ndi umodzi kuti ipezeke - motsutsana ndi Photoshop's steadier kumasulidwa-kutulutsa kamodzi pamwezi. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala kuti GIMP ili ndi malingaliro ochulukirapo kuposa omwe ali ndi opanga kuti agwiritse ntchito malingalirowo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zinthu zina zichedwe pakusintha kwanthawi zonse, pomwe zina sizimaganiziridwa kwathunthu.

Kufooka kwina mu GIMP ndikusowa kwazinthu zosawononga zosintha. Ngakhale idapanga maziko patsogolo pazaka zaposachedwa, ilibebe zinthu zodziwika bwino monga zosintha kapena zinthu zanzeru. Kwa ojambula ambiri omwe amagwira ntchito ndi izi mu Photoshop, izi zitha kukhala zosokoneza. Komabe, pali njira zina zosungira zithunzi zanu mukamagwira ntchito, ndipo gulu la GIMP lalonjeza zosintha mu mtundu wamtsogolo (GIMP 3.2, kukhala ndendende). Alengezanso kuti akhala kupanga mtundu wawo wazinthu zanzeru kwa mtundu womwe ukubwera wa GIMP.

Pomaliza, GIMP sichirikiza mitundu yonse yamitundu ya CMYK. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zithunzi zanu zonse zimasinthidwa mumtundu wa RGB ndipo mwina sizingawonekere bwino ngati mukufuna kusindikiza ntchito yanu. Izi ndizovuta kwa ena, makamaka omwe amagwira ntchito kwambiri ndi osindikiza, koma kwa anthu omwe amangoyika ntchito yawo pa intaneti izi sizowona.

GIMP imapereka Mitundu yofewa ya CMYK zomwe zimakupatsani mwayi wowonera momwe mitundu yanu idzawonekere ikasindikizidwa, zomwe ndimaphunzira mumaphunziro odzipereka. Kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ena, izi sizokwanira chifukwa zimapangabe zovuta zogwirizana, makamaka ngati wina akutumizirani chithunzi mu CMYK mode ndikukulangizani kuti musatembenuzire ku malo amtundu wa RGB. Apanso, gulu la GIMP likukonzekera kukhazikitsa mtundu wamtundu wa CMYK pamapeto pake, koma pakadali pano pulogalamuyo siyikuthandizira.

Ndi Pulogalamu Yanji Yomwe Muyenera Kugwiritsa Ntchito?

Ngati mukuganizabe kuti ndi pulogalamu yanji yomwe muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito, ndiloleni ndifotokoze mwachidule motere: GIMP ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yaulere ku Photoshop yamabizinesi ang'onoang'ono, ojambula wamba, olimbikitsa omwe amatumiza ntchito zawo mwachindunji kwa omvera awo pa intaneti, ngakhale akatswiri kapena akatswiri. ojambula pawokha ntchito pa bajeti. Ndikwabwinonso kwa oyamba kumene omwe akufuna kuyesa kusintha zithunzi ndikusintha popanda kugula. Mwanjira ina, ngati simukugwira ntchito ndi makasitomala kapena mabungwe omwe amafuna kuti mugwire ntchito ku Photoshop, GIMP ichita ntchitoyi bwino.

Ngati ndinu katswiri wojambula zithunzi yemwe akugwira ntchito ku bungwe lomwe limagwiritsa ntchito zinthu za Adobe zokha, kapena munthu yemwe sadziwa bajeti ndipo ali wokonzeka kuyika maola kuti aphunzire ins ndi kutuluka kwa pulogalamu yovuta kwambiri, ndiye kuti Photoshop ndiyedi. zanu. Ndi, pambuyo pa zonse, pulogalamu yabwino kwambiri yosinthira zithunzi yomwe ingagule (pakadali pano). Ingoonetsetsani kuti muli ndi kompyuta yamphamvu yokwanira yochitira pulogalamuyo, apo ayi simungathe kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zonse za Photoshop.

Ndipo kumbukirani, mukhoza nthawi zonse tsitsani GIMP kwaulere, ngakhale mutasankha kugula Photoshop.

Ndizo za nkhaniyi! Ngati munasangalala nazo, mukhoza kufufuza zambiri Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP, Nkhani Zothandizira, kapena kukhala a DMD Premium Member kuti mupeze zina zowonjezera, kuphatikizapo maphunziro!