Inkscape ndi Adobe Illustrator ndi mapulogalamu awiri a scalable vector graphics omwe amadalira masamu a masamu kuti ajambule zojambulajambula zodziwika bwino komanso zopanda malire. Illustrator, panthawi ya nkhaniyi, ndiye muyeso wamakampani pankhani ya zojambulajambula, koma Inkscape ndi njira yosangalatsa yaulere yomwe imatha kukhala ngati njira ina yabwino.

Mwanjira ina, Inkscape sizoyipa zonse - ndipo sizifunikira kulembetsa kwa premium.

Koma, monganso pulogalamu ina iliyonse, Inkscape ili ndi njira yakeyake yochitira zinthu zomwe zimasiyana ndi momwe Illustrator amachitira zinthu. Kwa mlengi wotanganidwa, izi zitha kupangitsa kusintha mapulogalamu kumawoneka ngati kosatheka komanso kokhumudwitsa. Izi ndizowona makamaka kwa anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito Illustrator kwambiri kotero kuti mawonekedwe ogwiritsira ntchito, kuphatikizapo malo omwe ali ndi zida zosiyanasiyana za pulogalamuyo ndi mindandanda yazakudya, akhala chikhalidwe chachiwiri kuyenda. Ndipo mawonekedwe ndi kuthekera kwa pulogalamuyi zasungidwa pamtima - kuti mudziwe zomwe mungathe komanso zomwe simungathe kuchita ndi pulogalamuyi.

Ndi Inkscape, simungadziwe komwe mungayambire popeza malamulo a pulogalamuyi ndi osiyana pang'ono. Komanso, simukudziwa zomwe pulogalamuyo ingathe kapena sangachite.

Komabe, mwamwayi, ndaganiza zogwira ntchito yothetsa zotchinga za opanga omwe amafunikira kusintha ku Inkscape pazifukwa zandalama, kapena kungofuna kuyesa pulogalamu yatsopanoyi popanda kufunikira kuphunziranso pulogalamu yovuta ya vector kuchokera. zikande.

M'nkhaniyi, ndikufanizira 3 zomwe ndimawona kuti ndizofala kwambiri kapena zofunikira kwambiri mu Illustrator zomwe zili ndi zofanana mu Inkscape. Nditsatira mtundu womwewo pa ntchito iliyonse - ndikufotokozera momwe mungagwirire ntchitoyo Fanizo, kutsatiridwa ndi kufotokozera momwe mungachitire ntchito yofanana, kapena yofanana, mu inkscape.

Mutha kuwonera kanema wamaphunzirowa pansipa, kapena kudumpha kanemayo kuti mufike ku nkhaniyo (yopezeka m'zilankhulo zingapo).

1. Kupanga kapena Kusintha Illustrator Artboard Yanu vs Inkscape Canvas

Ntchito yoyamba pamndandandawu ndi yofunika kwambiri. Izi zikunenedwa, mapulogalamu awiriwa amasiyana kwambiri pankhani yokhazikitsa chikalata chopanda kanthu - ndikukhazikitsa zojambulajambula (mu Illustrator) kapena chinsalu (mu Inkscape).

Fanizo

Illustrator imagwiritsa ntchito Artboard system, kukulolani kuti mukhale ndi zojambulajambula zingapo mumtundu umodzi. Izi ndizothandiza kwambiri chifukwa mutha kupanga zolemba zamasamba zambiri zopanda msoko - kapenanso kupanga masamba ambiri omwe amatsata kukongola kofanana.

Illustrator Welcome Screen Inkscape vs Illustrator

Mukatsegula Illustrator kwa nthawi yoyamba, mumapatsidwa chinsalu cholandirika chomwe chimakupatsani mwayi wosankha ma templates omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri (omwe afotokozedwa mofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Mukhozanso kusankha njira ya "Pangani Chatsopano" (yomwe ikuyimira muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), yomwe imakupatsani mwayi wopanga chikalata chatsopano - komwe mungakhazikitse kukula kwa bolodi lanu, ndikusankha ngati mukufuna chojambula chimodzi kapena zingapo. zojambula zamapangidwe anu.

Kuti nkhaniyi ikhale yophweka, ndipita ndi njira yoyamba yopangira mawonekedwe pawindo lolandirira pansi pa gawo la "Yambani Fayilo Yatsopano Mofulumira" - yomwe, ku US version, ndi "Letter - 612 x 792 pt".

New Letter Artboard Illustrator vs Inkscape Tutorial

Mukadina izi, chojambula chatsopano chidzatsegulidwa (chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira) ndi miyeso yomwe yafotokozedwa pazenera lolandirira (612 pt m'lifupi, 792 pt kutalika).

Chojambula changa chojambula ndi choyera, chokhala ndi autilaini yopyapyala yakuda kuzungulira m'mphepete kapena m'malire a zojambulajambula, komanso ndi mtundu wakuda wa imvi (muvi wobiriwira) wozungulira chojambulacho.

Chida cha Artboard Illustrator vs Inkscape Tutorial

Ngati ndidafuna kusintha makulidwe a boardboard iyi, ndili ndi njira zitatu. Zosankha zanga ziwiri zoyambirira zimapezeka mwachindunji pawindo langa lolemba. Nditha dinani batani la "Sinthani Artboards" kumanja kwa zenera pansi pa tabu ya "Properties" (yomwe ikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wobiriwira), kapena nditha kudina chida cha "Sinthani Artboard", chomwe chimadziwika kuti Artboard Tool, pamwamba. m'bokosi langa lazida kumanja kwa zenera (kiyi yachidule ya chida ichi ndi Shift + O - yowonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Document Khazikitsani Option Adobe Illustrator Artboard

Njira yachitatu ndikupita ku Fayilo> Kukhazikitsa Zolemba ndikudina batani la "Sinthani Artboards".

Sinthani Adobe Illustrator Artboard

Kaya mumagwiritsa ntchito njira iti, mudzatengedwera pazenera lomwelo kuti musinthe Artboard yanu (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) pogwiritsa ntchito Artboard Tool (zosankha zonse zitatu yambitsani chida cha Artboard - chojambulidwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa. ). M'derali, Illustrator imasinthasintha pang'ono kuposa Inkscape chifukwa mutha kujambula chojambula chatsopano pongodina ndi kukoka mbewa yanu ndi chida cha Artboard. Mutha kusinthanso + kukoka bolodi lanu lamakono kuti mupange chojambula chofananira mkati mwazolemba zanu (ndipo tsopano muli ndi bolodi yopitilira imodzi), kapena dinani chizindikiro cha "Pangani Artboard Yatsopano" (yomwe ipanganso chofananira cha bolodi lanu lamakono - lotchulidwa ndi muvi wa buluu).

Sinthani M'lifupi ndi Kutalika kwa Adobe Illustrator Artboard

Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kulemba pamanja m'lifupi ndi kutalika kwa artboard yanu m'magawo ofananirako pagulu lazinthu (malo kumanja kwa artboard yanu) kapena gulu lowongolera (pamwamba pa bolodi lanu). Madera onsewa momwe mungasinthire m'lifupi ndi/kapena kutalika kwa bolodi lanu amawonetsedwa buluu pachithunzi pamwambapa.

Chomaliza chomwe ndinena apa ndikuti mutha kupeza njira zina zingapo kuti musinthe zojambulajambula kapena kuwonjezera zina podina batani la "Artboard Options" pagawo la katundu (lomwe likuyimira muvi wofiyira).

Inkscape

CHABWINO - ndiye tamva njira zosiyanasiyana zopangira, kusintha kukula, kapena kuwonjezera/kusintha ma boardboard anu mu Illustrator. Ndiye kodi izi zimasiyana bwanji ku Inkscape?

Inkscape Canvas ndi Background

Poyambira, mukatsegula Inkscape kwa nthawi yoyamba, simukutengedwera pazenera. M'malo mwake, chikalata chokhazikika (chomwe chimabwera ndi kutsitsa kwanu kwa Inkscape) chidzatsegulidwa (chowonetsedwa pachithunzi pamwambapa). Chikalata chosasinthika ichi chiwoneka chosiyana pang'ono ndi momwe zolemba zokhazikika za Illustrator zimakhazikitsidwa.

Mwachitsanzo, chinsalucho ndi choyera ndi malire akuda akuda (mofanana ndi Illustrator - yosonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), koma malo ozungulira chinsalucho mwachisawawa nawonso ndi oyera (omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wabuluu). Izi zitha kukhala zowawa kwenikweni kwa opanga kutsegulira Inkscape kwa nthawi yoyamba chifukwa amazolowera zojambula zoyera, zotuwa zakuda zomwe zimapezeka mu Illustrator.

Ngati mukufuna kukhala wanu Chinsalu cha Inkscape chimawoneka ngati chojambula cha Adobe Illustrator, ndikupangira kuti muwone nkhani yanga. momwe mungakwaniritsire ntchitoyi.

Sinthani Zolemba Zolemba mu Inkscape

Ngati mukufuna kusintha mawonekedwe anu a Inkscape canvas (ie kusintha kukula kwa chinsalu, kusintha mtundu wakumbuyo, ndi zina zotero), pali njira ziwiri zochitira izi. Yangotsala pang'ono - pakadali pano palibe chida cha Artboard kapena Canvas chomwe chili chofanana ndi cha Illustrator. Njira yoyamba ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro cha "Sinthani katundu" mu bar ya Malamulo - yomwe ili kumanja kwa chinsalu chanu (chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Document Properties Menu Maphunziro a Inkscape

Njira yachiwiri ndikupita ku Fayilo> Document Properties (kiyi yachidule ndi shift+ctrl+d). Monga mu Illustrator, ziribe kanthu zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito ku Inkscape, mudzatengedwera pazenera lomwelo - bokosi la zokambirana la Document Properties.

Document Properties Dialogue Inkscape vs Illustrator

Zokambirana za Document Properties zikatsegulidwa, mutha kusankha kuchokera kumitundu ingapo kuti musinthe chinsalu chanu (chidziwitso chofulumira kuti musasokoneze - zolemba ndi chinsalu ndi mawu osinthika. canvas yanu - monga mayunitsi omwe chinsalu chanu chikuwonetsedwa, kukula kwake, ndi mtundu wakumbuyo. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kusintha kukula kwa chinsalu chanu pogwiritsa ntchito ma template osiyanasiyana omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri (monga mu Illustrator - chowonetsedwa ndi buluu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mutha kukhazikitsanso kukula kwa canvas yanu polemba pamanja m'lifupi ndi kutalika kwa chinsalu pansi pa gawo la "Kukula Kwamakonda" (malo owonetsedwa ofiira). Mukalowa muzofunikira zomwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito pansalu yanu, ingotulukani pawindo lazolemba (muvi wofiyira) ndipo zosintha zanu zidzangogwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ndinapita ndi 1920 x 1080 ndikusintha chigawocho kukhala ma pixel a chitsanzo ichi (miyeso yatsopanoyi sikuwonetsedwa pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Pangani Canvas Yatsopano ku Inkscape 2019

Ngati mukufuna kupanga chinsalu chatsopano pogwiritsa ntchito zoikamo zokhazikika, dinani chizindikiro cha "Pangani chikalata chatsopano kuchokera pa template yokhazikika" pa Command bar (muvi wofiyira). Chinthu chimodzi chofunikira kudziwa ndichakuti simungakhale ndi zinsalu zingapo zotsegulidwa mwanjira yomweyo pakadali pano. Chinsalu chilichonse chatsopano chidzatsegulidwa nthawi zonse pawindo la Inkscape.

2. Illustrator Color Guide vs. Inkscape Colour Palette

Mutu wachiwiri womwe ndifotokoze m'nkhaniyi ndi kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa momwe mitundu imagwirira ntchito pamapulogalamu awiriwa. Illustrator pakali pano amatenga keke pa izi (monga momwe zimakhalira ndi luso lake la zojambulajambula), ngakhale Inkscape ikuperekabe njira ina yokwanira yomwe ingawonjezedwe ndi zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito za chipani chachitatu. Tiyenera kuzindikira kuti Adobe Illustrator ili ndi chithandizo cha RGB ndi CMYK, pamene Inkscape ilibe (ngakhale Inkscape ikhoza kutumizidwa ku CMYK).

Fanizo

Mapanelo amitundu yojambula zithunzi

Mu Adobe Illustrator, pali mapanelo amitundu atatu osavuta kupezeka omwe amakuthandizani kuti musakatule ndikuyika mitundu pazojambula zanu. Awa ndi gulu la Colour, Colour Guide gulu, ndi gulu la Swatches. Mapanelo awa ndi zithunzi zitatu zoyambirira zomwe zimapezeka mugawo la Panel kumanja kwa zojambulajambula zanu (kuchokera pamwamba mpaka pansi - zowonetsedwa zofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Gulu la Mitundu mu Illustrator 2019

Mukadina pagawo la Mtundu (muvi wofiyira), mutha kusankha kuchokera kumitundu iliyonse yomwe imapezeka mkati mwa sipekitiramu yamtundu womwe mwasankha.

Mitundu Yamitundu Yosankha Menyu Illustrator vs Inkscape

Mwanjira ina, ngati mudina chizindikiro cha Zosankha pakona yakumanja ya gulu la Mtundu (muvi wofiyira), mutha kusankha pamipata iliyonse yamitundu yomwe imathandizidwa mu Illustrator (ndinapita ndi CMYK mwachitsanzo).

Ndi CMYK yosankhidwa, nditha kusuntha mbewa yanga pamtundu uliwonse pa CMYK Spectrum ndikudina kuti musankhe mtunduwo ngati mtundu wanga waukulu wodzaza. Ngati ine alt + dinani pa sipekitiramu, mtundu ine hovered pamwamba adzakhala anasankha mtundu wanga sitiroko.

Sankhani Fill and Stroke Colors Illustrator

Ndikhozanso kusankha "Palibe," "Wakuda," kapena "Woyera" pa mawotchi atatu aliwonse omwe ali pamwamba pa chigawo cha mtundu (chowonetsedwa chofiira) monga kutsogolo kwanga kapena mtundu wakumbuyo.

Illustrator Color Guide Colour Panel

Mudzaona kuti pali tabu kumanja kwa tabu yolembedwa "Mtundu" pomwe ili pagawo lamitundu yolembedwa "Color Guide" (muvi wofiyira). Kudina tsamba ili kudzakutengerani ku gulu la Colour Guide. Mukhozanso kufika pagawoli podina chizindikiro chachiwiri kuchokera pamwamba pagawo la Panel.

M'malingaliro anga, gulu la Colour Guide ndilo gawo limodzi labwino kwambiri lopezeka mu Illustrator. Chifukwa chake ndi chakuti imalimbikitsa mitundu yoti mugwiritse ntchito potengera mtundu wapano womwe mwasankha (panthawiyi, mtundu wakutsogolo), pogwiritsa ntchito chiphunzitso chamitundu munthawi yeniyeni kuti mudziwitse malingaliro ake. Mtundu woyamba womwe ukuwonetsedwa mu Colour Guide ndi mtundu wanu wakutsogolo, wotsatiridwa ndi mitundu yovomerezeka yotengera "Harmony Rule" yosankhidwa.

Colour Guide Harmony Rules Illustrator

Chifukwa chake, ndikadina kutsitsa (komwe kumatchedwa "Malamulo Ogwirizana" mukamayendayenda - zomwe zafotokozedwa m'buluu pamwambapa), muwona kuti lamulo langa lomwe ndasankha la mgwirizano pankhaniyi ndi lamulo la "tetrad 2" (muvi wofiyira). ). Mitundu yomwe idzawonetsedwe potengera mtundu wakutsogolo kwanu idzadalira chiphunzitso chamtundu wamtundu uliwonse womwe mwasankha. Paulamuliro wa mgwirizano wa tetrad 2, tili ndi mitundu yayikulu 5 - yobiriwira kuchokera kumtundu wakutsogolo, wobiriwira wakuda, buluu wakuda, pinki, ndi bulauni.

Maupangiri amtundu wa Illustrator Tetrad 2 Harmony Rule

Mitundu 5 iyi ikuwonetsedwa molunjika pamzere wapakati mu gulu lathu la Colour Guides (mutha kuwona muvi womwe ukuloza kumitundu iyi - yosonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndipo mtundu uliwonse umakhala ndi mithunzi inayi yofananira (kumanzere kwa chithunzicho). mtundu wapakati) ndi tints zinayi (kumanja kwa mtundu wapakati).

Colour Guide Illustrator Kuyamikira Koyenera

Ngati ndipita ndi Lamulo losiyana la Harmony - nenani, Kuyamikira Koyenera - mitundu yanga idzasintha ndipo Ma Shades ndi Tints adzasintha kutengera mitundu yayikuluyo. Nthawi zina pali mitundu yoposa isanu, nthawi zina imakhala yosakwana isanu. Zimatengera Harmony Rule. Pachifukwa ichi, pali mitundu isanu ndi umodzi yomwe ikuwonetsedwa (muyenera kupyola pansi mu kalozera wamtundu kuti muwone mtundu wachisanu ndi chimodzi - mpukutu wopita pansi umasonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiira pa chithunzi pamwambapa).

Chofunikira chachikulu pankhaniyi ndikuti zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kupeza mitundu yamitundu kapena mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mapangidwe anu kutengera mtundu umodzi. Mitundu iyi imakonda kuyenderana bwino chifukwa imachokera ku lamulo logwirizana lomwe limatsimikizira kuti sagwirizana kapena kuwoneka ngati mitundu yachisawawa yoponyedwa pamodzi. Mitundu yanu yamapangidwe motero imawoneka yogwirizana komanso mwaukadaulo.

Colour Swatches Menu Illustrator vs Inkscape

Pomaliza, pansi pa gulu la Colour Guide pali gulu la Swatches (lomwe limatanthauzidwa ndi muvi wabuluu). Apa, mutha kusankha kuchokera kumitundu yosiyanasiyana yamitundu yosasinthika kuti muyike kutsogolo kwanu kapena mitundu yakumbuyo. Izi zikuphatikizapo mitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso magulu amitundu - omwe amabwera ndi pulogalamu mwachisawawa kapena amapangidwa ndi wogwiritsa ntchito.

Kuti muwone zosintha zonse zomwe zimabwera ndi Illustrator mwachisawawa, mutha kudina "Swatches Library menyu" (yomwe ikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira) ndikuyang'ana njira zingapo zomwe zilipo. Sindifotokozanso zambiri zamitundu ya Adobe chifukwa cha nthawi ya nkhaniyi. Koma, monga mukudziwira, Adobe Illustrator ili ndi zosankha zingapo zomwe mungasankhe pankhani yamitundu.

Inkscape

Inkscape Colour Palette Bar

Mukatsegula Inkscape kwa nthawi yoyamba, chimodzi mwazinthu zoyamba zomwe zimawonekera kwambiri kwa wogwiritsa ntchito Illustrator ndi mizere yamitundu yotchinga pansi pawindo (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzichi). Poyamba, izi zimawoneka ngati zachikale komanso zopanda pake, ndipo wina akhoza kukhala ndi chizoloŵezi chofufuza gulu la Colour Guide lofanana (monga likupezeka mu Illustrator) kuti akhale ndi pepala lachinyengo popanga mapangidwe amitundu.

Ndikukuchenjezani tsopano - pakali pano palibe Tsamba la Upangiri Wamtundu / Harmony Rules ku Inkscape.

Inkscape Colour Palette Scroll Bar Mbali

Pali, komabe, zambiri zomwe zimatchedwa Inkscape "Color Palette" kuposa momwe zimawonekera. Poyang'ana koyamba, zikuwoneka ngati pali mitundu 120 yokha yomwe mungasankhe kuchokera pansi pa Colour Palette bar pansi pa chinsalu. Komabe, pali mpukutu m'munsi mwa ma swatches onse (omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira) omwe amakulolani kuti mupite kumanja ndikuwonetsa mitundu yambiri. Ndinayesa mwachangu, movutikira kuti ndi mitundu ingati yomwe inalipo ndikuyika pafupifupi mitundu 600 kapena kupitilira apo mwachisawawa.

Mtundu wa Palette Bar Mitundu ya Inkscape Yofotokozedwa

Mtundu woyamba mu Colour Palette ndi "Palibe" (muvi wofiyira), zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kukanikiza izi kudzakhazikitsa mtundu wanu wakutsogolo kukhala "Palibe" monga momwe zikanachitira mu Illustrator (kusintha + kudina uku kuyika mtundu wakumbuyo kwanu palibe). Kenako, muli ndi mitundu ingapo yosinthira kuchokera kukuda kupita ku yoyera, yotsatiridwa ndi mitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri monga maroon, chikasu, buluu, ndi zina zambiri, kutsatiridwa ndi mitundu ingapo yomwe imayamba ndi mthunzi wakuda ndikusintha kukhala utoto wopepuka kuchokera. kumanzere kupita kumanja.

Mitundu ya Palette ya Mtundu imakhala njira yachangu yosankha kuchokera kumitundu yosiyanasiyana, mithunzi, ndi matani - ndipo phale lingasinthidwe pogwiritsa ntchito menyu yaying'ono yooneka ngati makona atatu kumanja kumanja kwa Colour Palette bar (yomwe imadziwika ndi muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Menyu ya Inkscape Swatches 2019

Kudina mndandandawu kumawonetsa mitundu 20+ yamitundu ina yoti musankhe (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndikuwonetsanso mapaleti aliwonse opangidwa ndi ogwiritsa ntchito ("West Mountain Brewery” Phale lamitundu lomwe likuwonetsedwa pachithunzichi ndi lomwe ndidapanga lamaphunziro).

Gawo losocheretsa kwambiri la Colour Palette bar kwa ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano, makamaka omwe akuchokera ku Illustrator, ndikuti zikuwoneka ngati ndiyo njira yokhayo yosinthira mitundu mu pulogalamuyi - koma sichoncho.

Kudzaza kwa chinthu ndi menyu ya Inkscape 2019 Maphunziro

M'malo mwake, gawo lalikulu losinthira mitundu limapezeka popita ku Object> Fill and Stroke (yomwe imatha kupezeka pogwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule shift+ctrl+f).

Ngati mulibe zinthu zojambulidwa pachinsalu chanu (monga momwe zilili kwa ine pachitsanzo ichi), palibe chomwe chidzawonetse apa.

Lembani ndi Stroke Dialogue Inkscape vs Illustrator

Ngati ndingajambule chinthu (pogwiritsa ntchito ngati chida cha Rectangle kapena chida cholembera - ndigwiritsa ntchito chida cha rectangle pachitsanzo ichi), tsopano ndipeza zosankha zingapo zamitundu pansi pa gawo la "Dzazani" (lomwe lafotokozedwa ndi zobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). ) zomwe zimandilola kuti ndisinthire kudzaza kwa rectangle yanga kukhala pachinsalu.

Lembani ndi Kukambirana kwa Stroke Close Up Inkscape vs Illustrator

Mwachikhazikitso, Inkscape imandilola kuti ndisinthe mtundu wodzaza (wotchedwa "Flat Colour" osagwiritsa ntchito gradient - yomwe yafotokozedwa mobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) yowonetsedwa mu rectangle yanga pogwiritsa ntchito zowongolera za HSL (HSL imayimira Hue, Saturation, ndi Kuwala - palinso "A" slider, yomwe imayimira Alpha, kapena transparency). Zosankha zanga zina ndi RGB (Red, Green, Blue, and Alpha), CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black. Zindikirani: ngakhale mutha kusankha mitundu ya CMYK, simungathe kutulutsa mtundu wa CMYK ku Inkscape popanda wachitatu- pulogalamu yowonjezera phwando kapena ntchito-pozungulira), Wheel (yomwe imakulolani kuti musankhe kuchokera pa gudumu lamtundu), ndi CMS (yomwe imakupatsani mwayi wosankha mtundu wamtundu - sindidzalowa munjira iyi).

Kudina pa "Wheel", mutha kuwona kuti, monga pagulu la Illustrator's Colour, mutha kusankha mtundu wachisawawa pogwiritsa ntchito cholozera cha mbewa pamtundu wanu wodzaza.

Palinso zosankha zina mkati mwa mndandanda wa Kudzaza ndi Stroke zomwe sindingafotokoze mwatsatanetsatane, kuphatikiza kuthekera kowonjezera mzere kapena ma radial gradient, mesh gradient, kapena pateni - pakati pa zosankha zina.

Menyu ya Inkscape Colour Wheel Stroke

Mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito zonsezi pakugunda kwa chinthu chanu podina tabu ya "Stroke" (yomwe imadziwika ndi muvi wofiyira). Pakadali pano, ndimangokhala ndi mtundu wofiyira wodzaza, ndiye ndikadina pa tabu ya "Stroke", palibe chomwe chikuwonetsa. Komabe, ngati ndisintha-dina pamtundu kuchokera pamtundu wanga wa Palette yamtundu (ndinapita ndi Buluu) kuti ndiwonjezere sitiroko, muwona zosankha zamtundu womwewo zikuwonekera pa sitiroko (monga mukuwonera pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Chinthu chimodzi chomwe Inkscape ili ndi Illustrator sichikhala ndi kuthekera kowonjezera gradient pakugunda kwa chinthu. Uku ndiye kupambana kwakukulu kwa Inkscape m'malingaliro mwanga chifukwa ndakhala ndikukwiyitsidwa ndi kusowa kwa magwiridwe antchito mu Illustrator.

3. Kuphatikiza Mawonekedwe: Illustrator Shape Builder Tool vs. Inkscape Path Menu

Ndanena kuti ndikukhulupirira gulu la Colour Guide ndilo gawo limodzi lothandiza kwambiri mu Illustrator. Chinthu chachiwiri chothandiza kwambiri, m'malingaliro mwanga, ndi chida cha Shape Builder. Chida ichi chimakupatsani mwayi wophatikiza mawonekedwe kuti mupange chinthu chovuta kwambiri, chomwe chimakulitsa kwambiri magwiridwe antchito a pulogalamuyi ndikulola osakhala amisiri kupanga zojambulajambula popanda kufunikira luso lojambula. Inkscape mothokoza imaphatikiza mtundu wake wamtunduwu mu pulogalamu yake, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kusintha kwa pulogalamu yaulere kukhala kosavuta.

Fanizo

Chida Chopanga Chojambula Chojambula

Mu Illustrator, muyenera kuyamba ndi kujambula mawonekedwe osachepera awiri omwe amafanana (monga ndachitira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kenako, sankhani mawonekedwe onse ndi chida Chosankha kapena kupita ku Sankhani> Zonse.

Chida Chopanga Mawonekedwe chimapezeka m'bokosi lanu lazida (lomwe lasonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), kapena pogwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule shift+m.

Artboard Tool Shape Region Illustrator

Ndi mawonekedwe anu onse osankhidwa omwe mungafune kuphatikizira (pankhaniyi, mawonekedwe awiri okha), mutha kusuntha mbewa yanu pazigawo zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimadutsana zamawonekedwe anu (otchedwa zigawo - mutha kuwona gawo limodzi losindikizidwa ndi Shape Builder. chida chomwe chili pa chithunzi pamwambapa choyimira muvi wofiyira) kuti muwone magawo omwe mungafune "kuchotsa" kapena "kuphatikiza."

Adobe Illustrator Shape Builder Extract

Kuti muchotse, kapena kupatukana, zigawo za mawonekedwewo, ingodinani kamodzi pamagawo omwe mukufuna kuwasiyanitsa ndi mawonekedwe apachiyambi.

Gwirizanitsani mawonekedwe ndi Illustrator Shape Builder Tool

Kuti muphatikize zigawo zamawonekedwe, dinani ndi kukoka mbewa yanu kumadera onse omwe mungafune kuphatikiza (muvi womwe uli pachithunzi pamwambapa ukulozera pamzere wopangidwa ndi chida mukadina ndikukokera mbewa yanga).

Mutha kuphatikiza zigawo zomwe zikudutsana, kapena kuphatikiza zigawo zonse zamawonekedwe onse osankhidwa. Mawonekedwe omaliza a mawonekedwe atsopano kapena dera la mawonekedwe adzadalira Malamulo a Adobe a chida cha Shape Builder.

Chida cha Adobe Illustrator Path Finder

Ndikufunanso kudziwa kuti nthawi iliyonse mukakhala ndi mawonekedwe angapo osankhidwa, Adobe iwonetsa zosankha za Pathfinder pansi pagawo la Properties (lomwe lili ndi zobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mbali ya Pathfinder ndiyofanana ndi chida cha Shape Builder, ngakhale mutha kuchita dinani kamodzi kuti muchotse kapena kuphatikiza mawonekedwe anu. Zochita zinayi zomwe zilipo ndi Dinani Kuti Mugwirizanitse, Dinani kuti Muchotse Kutsogolo, Dinani kuti mupirire, ndi Dinani kuti Muchotse.

Inkscape

kusankha mawonekedwe angapo mu Inkscape

Inkscape imatha kutenga mwayi pochotsa ndi kuphatikiza mawonekedwe, kugwiritsa ntchito mawu a Illustrator, ngakhale imatanthawuza mawonekedwe ngati "Zinthu" ndi "Njira" (kutengera ngati mwatembenuza chinthu chanu kukhala njira mutachijambula). Njirayi ndi yosiyana pang'ono mu Inkscape - koma tiyamba ndi rectangle ndi bwalo lopiringizana wina ndi mzake monga momwe tinachitira mu chitsanzo cha Illustrator.

Kuti musankhe mawonekedwe onse awiri, mutha kusintha + kudina pamawonekedwe onse omwe mukufuna kusankha mukamagwiritsa ntchito chida cha Selection (chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira), kapena dinani ndi kukoka mbewa yanu, kenako gwirani fungulo la ctrl, ndi kukokera chilichonse. mwa mawonekedwe omwe mukufuna kusankha (muyenera kukokera pamitundu yonse yamitundu yonse yomwe mukufuna kusankha, apo ayi sizingagwire ntchito).

Njira Yopangira Njira Inkscape vs Illustrator Shape Builder

Mukakhala ndi mawonekedwe anu, omwe amadziwika kuti Zinthu, osankhidwa, muyenera kuwasintha kukhala Njira. Kuti muchite izi, pitani ku Path> Object to Path (muvi wofiyira).

Njira Menyu Inkscape vs Illustrator

Kenako mutha kugwiritsa ntchito menyu ya Path kuti mugwire ntchito zosiyanasiyana zofanana ndi ntchito za Pathfinder mu Illustrator. Pali zosankha 8 mwazonse (zowonetsedwa ndi zobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa), kuphatikiza Union, Difference, Intersection, Exclusion, Division, Cut Path, Combine, and Break Apart.

Union Path Shape Builder Feature Inkscape

Mwachitsanzo, pa chithunzi pamwambapa ndinasankha "Union" kuti ndiphatikize mawonekedwe anga awiri pamodzi ndikupanga mawonekedwe amodzi.

Chifukwa chake, chofanana ndi chida cha Pathfinder mu Illustrator, menyu ya Njira mu Inkscape imakupatsani mwayi wopanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndikudina kamodzi.

Mwachidule, Inkscape ndi Illustrator ndizofanana kwambiri kuposa momwe zimawonekera poyamba pamtunda. Pulogalamu iliyonse imakhala ndi njira yosiyana pang'ono yochitira zinthu, kutulutsa zotsatira zofanana zomaliza.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munasangalala nazo, mutha kuyang'ana zina zanga Zolemba Zothandizira za Inkscape, Maphunziro a Inkscape Video, kapena ngakhale wanga Maphunziro a GIMP.