Monga wopanga zomwe zili pa YouTube zomwe zimayang'ana kwambiri pa mapulogalamu apakompyuta, ndawonapo matani ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito pazaka zambiri.

Pali ambiri opanga, opanga, ogwiritsa ntchito, ndi zina zambiri omwe adakumanapo kapena kuyesa njira zambiri zamapulogalamu kuposa ine. zolinga zopanga zinthu.

Ndagwiritsa ntchito zokonda za GIMP, Premiere Pro, Photoshop, After Effects, Illustrator, Affinity Photo, Affinity Designer, Affinity Publisher, InDesign, Scribus, LibreOffice, Blender, mdima, RawTherapee, OBS, Krita, DaVinci Resolve, Final Cut, Olive, ndi zina. Mapulogalamuwa amakhala m'magulu osiyanasiyana a mapulogalamu opanga, ndipo onse ali ndi zinthu zomwe ndimakonda pa iwo ndi zinthu zomwe sindimakonda - mosiyanasiyana.

UI (yomwe imayimira "mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe") M'mapulogalamu onsewa amatha kusiyanasiyana chifukwa mndandandawu umaphatikizapo magulu osiyanasiyana opanga komanso kuphatikiza mapulogalamu aulere komanso olipidwa.

Komabe, pali pulogalamu imodzi yomwe yadzipanga yokha kukhala yosiyana ndi mapulogalamu omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa - aulere ndi olipidwa - chifukwa cha kutulutsidwa kwakukulu kwaposachedwa komwe kunayambitsa zosintha zazikulu za UI yake. Pulogalamuyi ndi Inkscape.

Ndicho chifukwa chake.

Posachedwa, Inkscape idatulutsa mtundu wa Beta pakumasulidwa kwawo kokhazikika kwa 1.2. Ngati simukudziwa Inkscape, ndi mkonzi wazithunzi waulere komanso wotseguka. Ndizofanana kwambiri ndi Illustrator - ngakhale ndikwabwino kulingalira za Dr. Strange multiverse komwe Illustrator ilipo mu chilengedwe chimodzi ndi Inkscape ina.

Inkscape 1.2: Mbiri Yachidule Kwambiri

Inkscape, m'malingaliro anga, nthawi zonse imakhala ndi kuthekera kochuluka, koma yakhalanso yodabwitsa. Kuchitcha "quirky" ndikuchiyika bwino - mwina "ngolo" ndi mawu abwinoko. Zokwanira kunena kuti zadziwika kuti zimawonongeka kwambiri komanso zimakhala ndi zoletsa zambiri.

Izi ndi zoona makamaka kuyambira Inkscape 1.0 idatulutsidwa mu 2020 - zomwe zidatengera pulogalamuyo pamlingo watsopano malinga ndi mawonekedwe ndi magwiridwe antchito, koma idapangitsa kuti pulogalamuyo ikhale yosakhazikika. Inkscape 1.0 idatiwonetsanso kuti pulogalamuyo ikupita kunjira yabwinoko malinga ndi kapangidwe ka UI, koma sizinali zapadera poyerekeza ndi mapulogalamu ena amakono opanga.

M'chaka cha 2021, gulu la Inkscape latulutsa Inkscape 1.1, ndipo zinaonekeratu kuti gulu la anthu odzipereka a Inkscape Madivelopa akuyamba kusintha malingaliro awo kuwongolera zomwe ogwiritsa ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito UI yabwinoko.

Ndi kumasulidwa uku, Inkscape idayambitsa "Welcome Screen," yomwe ndi yabwino kwambiri pamapulogalamu olipidwa, koma imapezeka pang'ono mu pulogalamu yaulere komanso yotseguka. Zowonjezera zina zodziwika bwino za UI kapena zosintha zomwe zidayambitsidwa mu Inkscape 1.1 zikuphatikiza "palette yamalamulo" kuthandiza ogwiritsa ntchito kufufuza ndikugwiritsa ntchito zinthu monga zosefera kapena zochita, zokambirana zowoneka bwino (kutanthauza kuti zokambirana zitha kusunthidwa kumalo atsopano kuzungulira chinsalu), ndikusintha mawonekedwe akunja. ndi chithandizo chotumizira ku mafayilo atsopano.

Kusintha kwa UI mu Inkscape 1.0 ndi Inskcape 1.1 ndikwabwino ndipo kwathandiza Inkscape kupita patsogolo kuti ikhale mapulogalamu abwinoko. Ngakhale kuti mbali zimenezi n’zothandiza ndiponso zochititsa chidwi, zimangokhazikitsa maziko a zimene zinali m’tsogolo.

Mu Meyi wa 2022, Inkscape 1.2 Beta idatulutsidwa ndipo, m'malingaliro mwanga, idakweza mawonekedwe a UI.

Malowa adakwezedwa chifukwa UI ya Inkscape 1.2 sikuwoneka bwino, imakulolani kuti musinthe makonda kuposa pulogalamu ina iliyonse (yomwe ndidakumana nayo). Ndipo momwe zimawonekera komanso momwe zingasinthire makonda zinali zotsatira za ogwiritsa ntchito kupereka ndemanga, Madivelopa amavomereza ndikukambirana za mayankho, omanga omwe akugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe abwino kwambiri a mayankhowo, ndi ogwiritsa ntchito kuyesa zomwe zakhazikitsidwa ndikuyamba kubwerezabwereza.

Ndi chitukuko cha mapulogalamu, demokalase. Ndi phunziro lodabwitsa la chifukwa chake mapulogalamu aulere ndi otseguka alipo, ndi momwe zinthu zochititsa chidwi zingakwaniritsidwe kudzera mu chitukuko cha madera.

Chifukwa chiyani Inkscape 1.2 UI Imayimilira

Ndiye, ndimakonda chiyani makamaka za UI yatsopano ya Inkscape 1.2?

Zosintha za Welcome Screen

Pomwepo, chiwonetsero cha Welcome (chomwe chinalinso idayambitsidwa koyamba ku Inkscape 1.1) imalola wogwiritsa ntchito kusintha UI ndi tabu ya "Kukhazikitsa Mwamsanga" (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Apa, wogwiritsa akhoza:

  • sankhani kasinthidwe ka canvas,
  • khazikitsa njira zazifupi za kiyibodi,
  • khazikitsani masitaelo azithunzi ndi mitundu (pamawonekedwe otsika), ndi
  • sinthani mitundu ya UI kuti musankhe kuchokera ku kuwala kapena mdima

Welcome Screen imayankha, kotero zithunzi zomwe mwasankha zimangosintha chithunzithunzi chomwe chili pafupi ndi zenera (muvi wachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kuphatikiza apo, mtundu wa Welcome Screen usintha mukasuntha pakati pa mitundu yowala ndi yakuda (muvi wofiyira).

Kenako mutha kupita ku tabu ya "Time to Draw" (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikutsegula chikalata chaposachedwa, sankhani template kuchokera m'magulu aliwonse a ma template (omwe ali ndi buluu wowala), kapena tsegulani chikalata chatsopano. kuchokera pakompyuta yanu (kudzera pa batani la "Katundu" lomwe liziwonetsa mukakhala pa "Mafayilo Alipo" tabu - yowonetsedwa mofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Njira yomaliza idayambitsidwa mu Inkscape 1.2 - yomwe idathandizira kutulutsa mawonekedwe opangira zolemba mu Welcome Screen.

Nditsegula tsamba la 1920 × 1080 px podina fayilo yofananira (muvi wofiyira) pansi pa "Screen".

New Canvas

Mukatsegula chikalata chatsopano ku Inkscape, ogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yam'mbuyomu ya Inkscape awona malo a canvas osinthidwa komanso owoneka bwino. Kwa Inkscape 1.2, opanga asintha malire kuzungulira tsambalo, asintha mtundu wa "desiki" (kapena malire a imvi kuzungulira tsamba - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndikuwongolera mawonekedwe a mthunzi pansi pa tsamba ( muvi wobiriwira). Zosintha zobisika koma zofunika izi zimathandiza Inkscape kukhala womasuka komanso wodziwika bwino (makamaka mukasintha kuchokera ku Illustrator).

Chida Chatsopano Chatsopano Chatsamba (Zopanga Zamasamba Ambiri)

O, ndikulankhula za malo a canvas - Inkscape 1.2 tsopano ikuthandizira zolemba zamasamba ambiri.

Kwa inu amene mukubwera kuchokera ku Illustrator, ndiroleni ndimasulire: Inkscape tsopano imathandizira ma boardboard angapo.

Izi zimawongoleredwa pogwiritsa ntchito "Chida Chatsamba" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), chomwe chilinso chimodzimodzi ndi "Artboard Tool" ya Illustrator. Ndi chida chatsopanochi, mutha kujambula mwachangu masamba atsopano, kapena gwiritsani ntchito Controls Bar (yomwe ili yobiriwira) kuti mupange masamba atsopano kutengera zomwe zidakhazikitsidwa kale.

Mutha kusankha ndikusinthanso kukula kwa tsamba lililonse, kusamutsa tsambalo podina ndi kukoka, kapena kufananiza kukula kwa tsambalo pazosankha zilizonse kapena zojambulajambula patsambalo. Pomaliza, mutha kutumiza masamba anu angapo ngati masamba ambiri a PDF.

Tsamba lamasamba ambiri lomwe lili ndi tsamba lotsatizana nalo ndi gawo lomwe likuyembekezeredwa kwa nthawi yayitali lomwe liyenera kuthandiza okonza kupanga ma projekiti ovuta kwambiri, akatswiri.

Miyezo Yamisala ya Kusintha Mwamakonda Anu

Ngati simukukondwera ndi momwe UI yonse imawonekera kutengera zisankho zomwe mudapanga kuchokera pa Welcome Screen, mutha kusintha mitundu ndi makulidwe azinthu zonse zowonekera popita ku Edit> Preferences> Interface> Theming. (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Pansi pamutu wa "Mutu" (womwe uli wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa), mutha kusuntha mitu ya GTK pansi pa "Sinthani Mutu wa GTK" ndikuwona zowonera za masitayelo amitu yosiyana mukadina pachosankha chilichonse. Mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito masilayidi kuti musinthe kukula kwa mawonekedwe a UI, kapena kuchuluka kwa kusiyana pakati pa mtundu wakumbuyo wa UI ndi mawu ndi zithunzi (muvi wobiriwira). Ndi pati pomwe mudawonapo slider yosiyanitsa??

Pansi pamutu wa "Icons" (womwe wafotokozedwa mwachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa), mutha kusankha pamitu iliyonse mwazithunzi zinayi pogwiritsa ntchito "Sinthani Mutu Wazithunzi". Mukasankha njira ya "mipikisano yamitundu" kapena "hi color", mupeza zina zowonjezera monga kusankha "chizindikiro" chazithunzi (muvi wachikasu), kapena kusankha mitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzi zophiphiritsa (zowunikira). blue arrow) - kuphatikiza "Icon color base" ndi "Icon color color" zitatu. Mitundu iyi imatha kukhala chilichonse chomwe mungafune ndipo mutha kusankhidwa kuchokera pa gudumu lamtundu, kuchokera pazitsulo zamitundu yomwe mwasankha, kapena kugwiritsa ntchito nambala ya HEX.

Ngati ndipita ku Interface> Toolbars (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) mukadali mkati mwazokambirana za Zokonda, mudzawona makonda a zida ndi zithunzi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ponseponse. Zida zonse zomwe zikuwonetsedwa pano pansi pa gawo la "Toolbars" (zolembedwa zachikasu) zimasinthidwa mwachisawawa, motero zimawonetsedwa pazida. Kudina pazithunzi zilizonse (muvi wopepuka wabuluu) kutembenuza chidacho "kuzimitsa" ndikuchibisa ku Toolbar.

Pansi pazithunzi za toolbar pali ma slider. Chotsitsa chapamwamba (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) chimakupatsani mwayi wosintha kukula kwazithunzi zazida (zofotokozedwa mofiira), ndipo chotsitsa cham'munsi (muvi wofiyira) chimakupatsani mwayi wosintha kukula kwazithunzi zowongolera (zofotokozedwa mkati). buluu wowala). Mudzawona kuti zonse zimayambira pa 100% ndikupita ku 300%. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mutha kuwonjezera kukula kwazithunzi mpaka katatu kukula kwake koyambirira. Zowonjezera pakati pa mfundozi ndizochepa kwambiri (penapake pafupifupi 5% increments), zomwe zikuwonetseratu kuchuluka kwa granularity kwa kusintha kwa zithunzi za UI.

Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa zitsanzo zambiri za kulamulira kwapamwamba pamawonekedwe a pulogalamuyi omwe mudzawona pakutulutsidwa kwatsopanoku. Tiyeni tituluke pazokonda zokonda kuti tiwonetse zina zodabwitsa za UI mu Inkscape 1.2.

Palette Yamitundu Yosinthidwa Kuti Muzitha Kuwongolera, Kusintha Mwamakonda

Pansi pa chinsalucho pali Mtundu Wopaka Palette - malo omwe mumasankha mitundu ya zinthu monga zinthu ndi zolemba (zolembedwa zobiriwira pa chithunzi pamwambapa). M'matembenuzidwe am'mbuyomu, phale ili limagwiritsa ntchito mipukutu yakeyake yodzipatulira ndipo matailosi amitundu anali okhazikika.

Mipukutu yamtundu wa palette inali yovuta chifukwa chinsalu komanso amagwiritsa ntchito mipukutu (mivi yofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kuti ayende mopingasa patsamba. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, panali mipiringidzo iwiri m'dera lomwelo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosokoneza kwa ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano kuti azindikire bala imodzi kuchokera ku imzake. Chosokoneza kwambiri kwa ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano chinali chakuti mipukutu ya palette yamtundu imangowoneka pa hover - kotero imatha kuphonya mosavuta ngati simunadziwe kuti ilipo.

Mu Inkscape 1.2, mipiringidzo yasinthidwa ndi mivi yopita mmwamba ndi pansi kudzanja lamanja la phale lamtundu (lomwe limasonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira ndipo lili ndi zofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kuthandiza ogwiritsa ntchito kufufuza kapena kupyola mumitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ilipo. mitundu.

Kumanja kwa mivi yopita m'mwamba ndi pansi ndi menyu yoti muwone ndikusankha mapaleti ena amitundu omwe alipo (muvi wofiyira pachithunzichi). Izi zasinthidwa kuti ziphatikizepo mawonedwe ang'onoang'ono amitundu yamitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ilipo mumtundu uliwonse wamtundu (malo omwe ali ndi zobiriwira - mutha kuwona zowonera pang'ono pansi pa dzina la mtundu uliwonse).

Kuphatikiza apo, pansi pa menyu iyi pali ulalo wa "Sinthani" (muvi wopepuka wabuluu).

Apa, wogwiritsa ntchito tsopano atha kusintha mawonekedwe amtundu wa phale. Zosintha zitha kupangidwa ndi kukula kwa matailosi amtundu wokhala ndi slider ya "Tile Size" (muvi wofiyira), mawonekedwe (muvi wobiriwira - chiŵerengero cha m'lifupi mpaka kutalika, ndi 0 pa slider kukhala lalikulu) la mtundu. matailosi, kukula kwa malire mozungulira matailosi aliwonse (muvi wopepuka wabuluu), ndi kuchuluka kwa mizere ya mawotchi omwe amawonetsedwa mumtundu wamtundu (muvi wachikasu). Mutha kuwona pachithunzichi kuti ndasintha zingapo, kuphatikiza kukulitsa kukula kwa matailosi, kuphwanya matailosi powonjezera kuchuluka kwa mawonekedwe, kuwonjezera malire ozungulira matailosi aliwonse, ndikuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa mizere ya matailosi yowonetsedwa mpaka 3.

Apanso, makonda a granular awa amapatsa ogwiritsa ntchito kuwongolera kopitilira muyeso pamawonekedwe ndi kamvekedwe ka utoto ndi Inkscape 1.2 UI. Izi ndizowona makamaka poganizira kuti kukula kwake ndi masitayelo azinthu zimayendetsedwa ndi masiladi osavuta kugwiritsa ntchito m'malo mogwiritsa ntchito njira zina za clunkier, ndipo ma slider amakhala ndi zinthu zambiri.

Tiyeni tiwonetse momwe izi zilili zodabwitsa poyerekezera.

Slider ya "Kukula kwa Matailosi" yomwe yasonyezedwa muzokambirana zaSinthani pamtundu wamtundu (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) imakhala ndi miyeso kuyambira 4 mpaka 32, mu increments ya 1 (kutanthauza kuti pali 19 zikhalidwe zonse, kuphatikiza 4 ndi 32). Kapenanso, gulu la "Swatches" la Adobe Illustrator limangopereka milingo itatu yamatayilo - "yaing'ono," "zapakatikati," ndi "zazikulu." Pali kuwongolera kapena kusinthika kocheperako mu Illustrator, pulogalamu yolipira, kuposa Inkscape 3 yatsopano - yomwe ndi yaulere kwathunthu.

Maupangiri Osavuta a Snapping & Smart

Chitsanzo chomaliza chomwe ndifotokoze m'nkhaniyi yowonetsa UI yatsopano yodabwitsa ya Inkscape ndi "Snap Controls Bar" yatsopano yokonzedwanso. M'matembenuzidwe am'mbuyomu a Inkscape, bala iyi inali mbali yakumanja kwa chinsalu ndikuwonetsa zithunzi zonse zowongolera nthawi imodzi. Izi zomveka zidasokoneza ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano ndi zosankha ndikupangitsa kugwiritsa ntchito maulamulirowa kukhala osokoneza komanso ovuta.

Mu Inkscape 1.2, bar ya Snap Controls yachepetsedwa kukhala chithunzi chimodzi ndi menyu ya twirl, kapena "popover menyu" monga Inkscape imakonda kuyitcha (yofotokozedwa mofiyira komanso yowonetsedwa ndi muvi pachithunzichi). Kudina chizindikirocho kumathandizira kuwongolera kwazithunzi, kwinaku kudinanso kumalepheretsa kudumpha. Ngati wogwiritsa ntchito akufuna kuwongolera zambiri, atha kudina pazithunzi za popover (chithunzi chokhala ndi katatu) pomwe aziwona bokosi loyang'ana, lomwe limakudziwitsani ngati kujambula kwayatsidwa kapena ayi, ndi zithunzi zitatu zatsopano.

Zithunzi ziwiri zoyambirira ndizabwino kwambiri: tsegulani mabokosi omangika (muvi wofiyira) ndikuyatsa kudumpha kwa node (muvi wobiriwira). Chizindikiro chachitatu ndi chinthu chosangalatsa komanso choyembekezeredwa kwambiri: kulumikizana pansalu, komwe kumatchedwanso "smart guides" (muvi wopepuka wabuluu).

Ikayatsidwa (nthawi zambiri imayimitsidwa mwachisawawa, chifukwa chake dinani chizindikirocho kuti muyatse), ogwiritsa ntchito tsopano amawona maupangiri mwachindunji pansalu yawo akamasuntha zinthu mozungulira (muvi wofiyira pachithunzichi). Mofanana ndi mapulogalamu ena, kuphatikizapo Adobe Illustrator kapena Affinity Designer, maupangiriwa amathandiza ogwiritsa ntchito kugwirizanitsa zinthu pakati pa masamba awo, kugwirizanitsa pakati pa zinthu zina, zinthu za mlengalenga molingana, kapena kupanga ma gridi a zinthu zofanana.

Pomaliza, kubwerera ku "popover menyu," pali ulalo pansi pa zenera lolembedwa "Advanced mode."

Ulalo uwu udzakufikitsani ku maulamuliro ena ojambulitsa omwe amakulolani kuti mutsegule kapena kuletsa mawonekedwe amunthu aliyense. Izi ndi zowongolera zonse zomwe zimakonda kuwonetsa mbali yakumanja ya zenera la Inkscape canvas m'matembenuzidwe am'mbuyomu. Tsopano zasungidwa bwino mu menyu iyi. Kuti mubwerere ku kukhazikitsa kosavuta, dinani "Bwezeretsani kumawonekedwe osavuta" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzichi).

Inkscape, mkonzi wazithunzi waulere wa vector, wakweza kwambiri masewera ake a UI ndikutulutsa kochititsa chidwi kwa Inkscape 1.2. Sizimangopereka zowongolera (mawu atsiku) pazosintha za UI pamagawo angapo, zimathandiziranso zowongolera zambiri kuti ziwongolere luso la ogwiritsa ntchito ndikupangitsa kuti zowongolerazo zizipezeka m'mamenyu opezeka mosavuta kwa ogwiritsa ntchito apamwamba kwambiri.

Kuti mumve zambiri pazatsopano mu Inkscape 1.2, onani maphunziro anga akanema omwe ali ndi ZONSE zaposachedwa kwambiri ndi mtundu wotulutsidwa wa mega (ukubwera posachedwa!). Ndipo, monga mwanthawi zonse, mutha kutsitsa mtundu waposachedwa wa Inkscape KWAULERE kuchokera Inkscape.org.