Monga wogwiritsa ntchito Adobe Illustrator kwa nthawi yayitali, gawo lovuta kwambiri losinthira kupita ku Inkscape linali kutsegula pulogalamuyo ndikuwona chinsalu choyera chikuyang'ana mmbuyo kwa ine.

Adobe Illustrator vs Inkscape Artboard ndi Canvas

Mwina izi ndichifukwa choti ndidazolowera kukhazikitsidwa kwa Illustrator's artboard (yowonetsedwa pamwamba pa chithunzi), yomwe ili ndi maziko otuwa amitundu yonse yomwe sinali pa boardboard, ndi maziko oyera amadera. zomwe zinali pa artboard. Kuonjezera apo, malire omwe amafotokozera zojambulazo nthawi zonse amawonetsedwa pamwamba pa zigawo zilizonse za mapangidwe anga omwe atayika pa zojambulajambula.

Illustrator Artboard Boundary vs Inkscape

Ku Inkscape, komabe, mbali zonse zogwira ntchito komanso zosagwira ntchito za canvas zanga zimakhala zoyera mwachisawawa (zowonetsedwa pansi pa chithunzi choyamba), ndipo malire amazimiririka nthawi iliyonse chinthu chikokedwa pamwamba pake (mwanjira ina, chinthucho. imalepheretsa malire - akuwonetsedwa pa chithunzi pamwambapa, chosonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiira). Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kudziwa nthawi yomwe mukujambula pachinsalu komanso mukachokapo.

Mwamwayi ndizosavuta kupanga zosintha pang'ono ku Inkscape ndikupangitsa kuti chinsalu chanu chiwoneke chimodzimodzi ngati zojambulajambula za Adobe Illustrator. Umu ndi momwe.

Khwerero 1: Sinthani Mbiri Yanu ya Document

Fayilo Document Properties maphunziro a Inkscape Canvas

Kuti ndiyambe ntchitoyi, ndipita ku Fayilo> Document Properties.

Sinthani Zolemba Zolemba mu Inkscape 2019

Izi zibweretsa bokosi langa la zokambirana la Document Properties, lomwe lili ndi njira zina zosinthira zolemba zathu ndi canvas. Pansi pa tsamba loyamba lotchedwa "Tsamba," (lomwe likuyimira muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) pali magawo angapo omwe amatilola kuti tisinthe makonda athu a canvas.

Ngati mungafune, mutha kuyika chikalata chanu chakumbuyo ndi chinsalu kuti ziwonekere, zomwe zimayimiriridwa ndi bolodi yotuwa. Kuti muchite izi, pitani kugawo la "Background" ndikudina "Checkerboard Background" njira (yomwe ikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wobiriwira pamwambapa).

Komabe, ndimakonda kuti mbiri yanga ikhale yofanana ndi imvi ngati ikupezeka mu illustrator. Kuti mukhazikitse maziko amtundu wina, nditha kudina "Mtundu Wakumbuyo" pansi pomwe pabokosi loyang'ana Pansi pa Checkerboard pansi pagawo lakumbuyo (lomwe likuyimira muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Kukhazikitsa Mtengo wa RGBA ku Inkscape

Izi zibweretsa bokosi la "Background Color" dialogue. Apa, mutha kuyika pamanja mtundu wamitundu yosiyanasiyana (RGB, HSL, CMYK, etc. - Ndinakhala ndi RGB, yomwe ndi njira yokhazikika) ndi ma slider amtundu, kapena mutha kulemba mtengo wa HTML wa mtundu wina pansi pa gawo la "RGBA" (lotanthauzidwa ndi muvi wofiira). Kwa ife, tikufuna kuyika mtengo wamtundu wa RGBA ku mtundu womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito mu Illustrator - womwe uli ndi HTML notation #606060. Chifukwa chake, ndichotsa mtengo wakale, ndikuyika "606060" apa m'malo mwake. Mu Inkscape, muyeneranso kutchula mtengo wa njira ya Alpha (RGBA imayimira Red, Green, Blue, ndi Alpha), kapena kuwonekera/kuoneka kwa mtundu wakumbuyo. Popeza ndikufuna kuti mtundu wakumbuyo ukhale wosawoneka bwino, ndiyika mtengo wa Alpha kukhala 100 polemba "ff" kumapeto kwa mtengo wathu wa HTML. Chifukwa chake, mtengo womaliza udzakhala "606060ff".

Mukakhazikitsa mtundu wakumbuyo, mutha kutseka bokosi la Background Colour dialogue pomenya "X" pakona yakumanja yakumanja.

Khwerero 2: Sinthani Border Yanu ya Canvas

Kusintha Border Document Properties Inkscape Tutorial

Kumanja kwa gawo lakumbuyo kuli gawo lotchedwa "Border" (lomwe likuyimira muvi wofiyira pamwambapa). Choyamba muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti "Show Page Border" njira yafufuzidwa. Pansipa pali njira yowonetsera "Border pamwamba pajambula." Yang'anani njira iyi chifukwa iwonetsetsa kuti zinthu zilizonse zomwe zikudutsa malire atsamba sizingalepheretse malirewo. M'malo mwake, malirewo amawonekera pamwamba pa chinthucho - monga momwe amachitira mu Illustrator.

Pansi pa njirayi pali mwayi woti "Onetsani mthunzi wamalire." Sindine wokonda kwambiri mthunzi wamalire, motero ndidasankha izi.

Pakalipano, ndizovuta pang'ono kuwona malire ozungulira chikalata chathu chifukwa ndi mtundu wofanana ndi mtundu wathu watsopano. Kuti musinthe, dinani njira ya "Border Colour" (yomwe ikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wobiriwira).

Sinthani Mtundu wa Malire a Tsamba mu Inkscape

Mukayang'ana mtengo wa RGBA, mtundu wamalire wakhazikitsidwa ku "666666ff." Ndisintha mtundu uwu kukhala wakuda koyera pokhazikitsa mtengo wa RGBA kukhala "000000ff" (womwe umadziwika ndi muvi wofiira). Tsekani bokosi la zokambirana la "Page border color" ndi "Document Properties" kuti mugwiritse ntchito zosinthazo.

Khwerero 3: Pangani Gulu Loyera Loyambira

Pa sitepe yomaliza, ndikufuna kupanga chikalata changa chenicheni kukhala choyera kuti zikhale zosavuta kusiyanitsa ndi malo osagwira ntchito a chinsalu. Kuti ndiyambe, ndikudina chizindikiro cha "View Layers" (chomwe chikusonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira) kuti ndibweretse "Zokambirana za Zigawo" (muvi wobiriwira). Ndidina kawiri pa dzina la "Layer 1" ndikutchanso "Background" (muvi wabuluu).

Pitani ku Tsamba la Border Icon Inkscape

Ndidina chizindikiro cha "Snap to page border" (muvi wofiyira) kuwonetsetsa kuti, pa sitepe yathu yotsatira, chilichonse chomwe ndingajambule chidzafika kumalire atsamba langa.

Jambulani Rectangle mu Inkscape

Kenako, ndikukhala pa Background wosanjikiza, ndigwira Chida changa cha Rectangle (muvi wofiyira) ndikujambula kakona kochokera kumanzere kumanzere kupita kumunsi kumanja kwa chikalata changa chonse, monga momwe mivi yobiriwira ikuwonekera (muyenera kuwona). uthenga umatulukira pa nsonga ya mbewa yomwe imati "Handle to page border," kutanthauza kuti chinthu chanu chidzajambulidwa pakona ya malire a tsamba).

Miyezo ya Rectangle ya Inkscape

Muyenera kukhala ndi mawonekedwe omwe amatenga gawo lonse la chikalatacho - ndipo chifukwa chake kuyenera kukhala kofanana ndendende ndi chikalata chanu. Chikalata changa chinali 210 mm ndi 297 mm, chomwe ndi kukula kwa chikalata chokhazikika mukatsegula koyamba chojambula. Mudzawona kuti Kukula ndi Kutalika kwa mawonekedwe anga kumagwirizana ndi miyeso iyi (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Sinthani Mtundu Wakutsogolo Pogwiritsa Ntchito Inkscape Swatches

Tsopano ndikufunika kusintha mtundu wa rectangle yanga. Kuti ndichite izi, ndingodinanso mtundu woyera mu Swatches yanga pansi pa chinsalu (muvi wofiyira). Kuonetsetsa kuti rectangle ilibe sitiroko, ndisintha-dinani "X" mtundu mu Swatches zanga (muvi wobiriwira).

Onani Makona Ogwirizana pa Inkscape Canvas

Nditha kugwira ctrl ndikugwiritsa ntchito gudumu langa la mbewa kuti ndiwonekere m'makona a zomwe ndalemba ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mawonekedwe anga satuluka kunja kwa malire a tsamba langa.

Onjezani Dialogue Yatsopano Yatsopano ku Inkscape

Kenako ndidina chizindikiro cha loko pafupi ndi maziko anga mu zokambirana za Layers (muvi wofiyira) kuti nditseke wosanjikizawu ndikuwonetsetsa kuti sindichisuntha mwangozi kapena kujambulapo.

Pomaliza, ndidina chizindikiro cha "Pangani chosanjikiza chatsopano" (muvi wobiriwira) kuti ndibweretse zokambirana zanga za Add Layer (zofotokozedwa mu buluu pamwambapa), nditcha wosanjikiza wanga watsopano "Wosanjikiza 1," ndikukhazikitsa Position kukhala "Pamwamba". panopa.” Ndidina "Onjezani" kuti ndipange wosanjikiza watsopano, ndipo ndipanga gawo langa logwira ntchito. Chilichonse chomwe ndimapanga chikhala pa Gawo 1, ndikundilola kubisa Zosanjikiza Zakumapeto nthawi iliyonse ndikafuna kutumiza nyimbo popanda maziko kapena kujambula chinthu choyera.

Khwerero 4: Sungani Document Monga template Yanu Yofikira

Chomaliza ndikuchotsa template yomwe ilipo kale yomwe ikupezeka ku Inkscape kuti kuyambira pano, chikalata chomwe tangopangachi chikhale chikalata chathu chokhazikika ndipo sitidzafunikanso kukonzanso makonda nthawi iliyonse.

Sungani Default Document template mu Inkscape

Kuti muchite izi, pitani ku Fayilo> Sungani.

Sungani Default Document template SVG mu Inkscape

Kenako, fufuzani pa kompyuta yanu foda ya Inkscape (nthawi zambiri imakhala pa C: drive kapena D: drive, kutengera komwe mwayiyika). Kenako, pitani ku zikwatu Gawani> Ma templates (muvi wofiyira), ndipo dinani fayilo yotchedwa "default.svg." Onetsetsani kuti mtundu wa "Save As" wakhazikitsidwa ku "Inkscape SVG" (muvi wobiriwira). Dinani Save batani.

Sinthani Fayilo Yachiwonetsero cha SVG mu Inkscape Tutorial

Mupeza uthenga womwe umanena molingana ndi "Fayilo yotchedwa 'default.svg' ilipo kale. Kodi mukufuna kusintha?" Dinani "Bwezerani" kuti muchotse fayiloyo.

Final Inkscape Canvas Adobe Illustrator Artboard

Tsopano, tikapita ku Fayilo> Chatsopano, chikalata chathu chatsopano chimatenga zonse zomwe timapanga, ndikupangitsa kuti ziwoneke ngati zojambulajambula za Adobe Illustrator. Kumbukirani kuti, pokhapokha mutabisa maziko anu musanatumize zolemba zanu, mudzakhala ndi zoyera pazopanga zanu zonse kuti muyambe!

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munasangalala nazo, mutha kuyang'ana zina zanga Zolemba Zothandizira za Inkscape, penyani ndinkscape Video Tutorial, kapena onani chilichonse changa Maphunziro a GIMP.