M'nkhaniyi ndikuwonetsani njira yosavuta yopangira ma QR codes pogwiritsa ntchito Inkscape - mkonzi wazithunzi waulere.

Ma code a QR akuchulukirachulukira kutchuka, kulola anthu kuti atulutse makamera amafoni awo mwachangu ndikusanthula kachidindo kuti atengedwe ku ulalo watsamba lililonse. Ma QR code awa achulukirachulukira m'malo monga malo odyera, zomwe zimalola ogula kuti azikoka menyu pama foni awo ndikuchepetsa kukhudzana ndi menyu owoneka.

Ndiye, mumapanga bwanji QR code ku Inkscape?

Yambani ndikutsegula Inkscape pa kompyuta yanu (mutha kutsitsa pulogalamuyo kwaulere ku Inkscape.org). Pansi pa tabu ya "Time to Draw" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) pazithunzi zolandirira zomwe zimawonekera (poganiza kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito Inkscape 1.0 kapena yatsopano), sankhani kukula kwa zikalata kutengera ma template ambiri omwe alipo. Ndinapita ndi kukula kwa "Desktop 1080p" pansi pa "Screen" tabu (muvi wachikasu).

Ndi chikalata chanu chatsopano chotsegulidwa, pitani ku Zowonjezera> Render> Barcode> QR Code (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Izi zibweretsa kukambirana kwa QR code. Apa, mutha kuyika zoikamo zosiyanasiyana - kuphatikiza tsamba la webusayiti komwe mungafune kuti anthu aziwongoleredwa pomwe khodiyo yafufuzidwa ndi kamera ya foni yam'manja (izi zili pansi pa gawo lolembedwa "zolemba" - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Kwa ine, ndidalemba tsamba langa, "daviesmediadesign.com," pagawo la "text". Ndikhoza kudina "Ikani" kuti mupange code ya QR (yellow arrow), kenako dinani "Close" kuti mutuluke muzokambirana (musatuluke pazokambirana pakali pano ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za zoikamo zapamwamba patsamba lotsatira. gawo).

Mutha kuwona chomaliza pachithunzi pamwambapa, chomwe chidapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito zikhalidwe zosasinthika za Inkcape's QR code generator. Ndikufotokoza njira zina zosinthira mawonekedwe a QR code pambuyo pake m'nkhaniyi.

Nditha kusinthanso zoikamo zina zapamwamba kwambiri pazokambiranazi, zomwe ndifotokoza pansipa.

Zokonda Zapamwamba za QR Code

Mpaka pano tatsegula zokambirana za QR code ndikuwonjezera ulalo pagawo la "Text".

Kenako, ngati ndiyang'ana njira ya "Live Preview" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), nambala ya QR iwonetsedwa pachikalata changa (muvi wabuluu - mungafunike kusuntha kukambirana kwa code ya QR kuti muwone).

Pansi pa mawuwo pali "Size, in unit squares" dontho (muvi wachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zimakulolani kuti musinthe pamanja kuchuluka kwa data yomwe QR code imawonetsa - zomwe zimasintha kukula kwa codeyo. Sindikupangira kuti muyike mtengowo pawokha popeza kukulitsa kwa Inkscape kumapanga kachidindo koyenera ka QR kutengera ulalo womwe mumawonjezera pagawo la "Text".

Kunena mwachidule: ulalo wautali, nambala ya QR idzakhala yayikulu. Mwachitsanzo, ngati ndiwonjezera ulalo wautali kuchokera m'nkhani zanga patsamba langa (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), muwona nambala ya QR ikhala yayikulu kuti igwirizane ndi zilembo zowonjezera (muvi wabuluu). Idzakhala ndi "ma module" ambiri kapena mabwalo ang'onoang'ono chifukwa ulalo wautali uli ndi zilembo zambiri.

Kuti ndibwerezenso, ndikupangira kuti izi zikhazikike ku "auto".

Chotsitsa chotsatira ndi "Mlingo Wowongolera Zolakwika" (muvi wofiyira). Mwachisawawa, izi zidzakhazikitsidwa ku "L (Approx 7%)," zomwe zimagwira ntchito bwino "zoyera" - kapena nthawi zomwe simukuyembekezera kuti QR code ikhale yodetsedwa, kuchenjeza, kapena kuwonongeka / kuwonongeka. Ngati mukuyembekeza kuti codeyo idzayikidwe kwinakwake komwe ingathe kumenyedwa (ie pamalo ogwirira ntchito yomanga, pakona yotanganidwa mumzinda wodzaza anthu, ndi zina zotero) mungafune kukweza zolakwikazo.

Malo apamwamba kwambiri ndi "H (Approx 30%), "ndipo izi zitulutsa nambala yayikulu kwambiri ya QR pomwe ilinso ndi zambiri. % kwenikweni amatanthauza kuchuluka kwa deta yomwe ingawonongeke popanda kusokoneza luso la QR code kuti lisinthidwe bwino.

Makhazikitsidwe a "M (Approx 15%)" (muvi wofiyira) ndi njira yabwino yotetezera nambala yanu ya QR kuti isawonongeke popanda kupanga codeyo kukhala yayikulu kwambiri kapena yotanganidwa.

Njira yotsatira ndikutsikira kwa "Character Encoding" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Pali zosankha zinayi apa, ndi njira yabwino kwambiri kwa inu kutengera chilankhulo kapena zizindikilo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu URL kapena zolemba zanu.

Ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito ulalo wokhazikika womwe uli mu Chingerezi, mutha kumamatira "Latin 1."

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito zilankhulo zina za ku Europe (zosakhala Chingerezi), mungafune kupita ndi CP 1250 kapena CP 1252.

Pomaliza, ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito zilembo za unicode kapena zizindikilo m'mawu anu, kuphatikiza zilankhulo zosiyanasiyana padziko lonse lapansi, mungafune kupita ndi UTF-8.

Njira yotsatira, "Invert QR Code" (muvi wachikasu) ndi bokosi loyang'ana lomwe limakulolani kuti musinthe mtundu wakumbuyo wa code ya QR kuchokera ku zoyera kupita zakuda (zowonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzichi). Mutha kusinthanso mtundu wakumbuyo NDI mtundu wa ma module akulu (mawonekedwe akulu) a code pogwiritsa ntchito zida za Inkscape (zambiri pambuyo pake).

Gawo la "Square Size" (muvi wachikasu) limakupatsani mwayi wosintha kukula kwa QR code. Mtengo wocheperako umachepetsa nambala ya QR, ndipo mtengo wokulirapo umakweza nambala yonse ya QR. Pankhaniyi, ndidasintha kukula kuchokera ku 4.0 mpaka 10.0, ndikupangitsa nambala ya QR kukhala yayikulu (muvi wofiyira). Mutha kusinthanso kukula kwa khodi ya QR mutagwiritsa ntchito zosintha zanu pogwiritsa ntchito zida zina ku Inkscape. Komabe, ngati mukufuna kukulitsa kachidindo ka QR m'mwamba kapena pansi molondola (kutengera kukula kwa ma module apakati pa code, ma pixel), mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

Kutsika kwa "Drawing Type" (muvi wachikasu) kumakupatsani mwayi wosintha momwe ma module omwe ali mkati mwa QR code amakokedwa. Mwachikhazikitso, deta imayimiridwa ndi mabwalo pamene njira ya "Smooth: neutral" yasankhidwa. Komabe, pali zokonda zina zomwe mungasankhe. Mwachitsanzo, njira ya "Njira: bwalo" isintha magawo onse kukhala mozungulira (muvi wofiyira pachitsanzo pamwambapa). Ndisintha izi kukhala "Smooth: neutral" pa sitepe yotsatira.

Njira yotsatira, "Smooth square value (0-1)" (muvi wachikasu pa chithunzi pamwambapa), imandilola kuwonjezera kapena kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa kusalaza komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagawo apakati. Mwachisawawa, izi zakhazikitsidwa ku .2 - zomwe zikutanthauza kuti pali kusalaza pang'ono m'mphepete mwa lalikulu lililonse. Nditha kukweza mtengowo mpaka 1.0, zomwe zimawonjezera kusalaza pamabwalo motero ndikuphatikiza zonse pamodzi (muvi wofiyira). Mtengo wa zero udzachotsa zosalala zonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamabwalo. Mutha kuyika mtengo uwu pazomwe mungakonde - ndiyo njira yokhayo yosinthira kukongola kwa code.

Pansi pa kutsitsa kosalala pali mawu akuti "Chingwe chanjira" (muvi wachikasu) posintha mawonekedwe ndi malo a nambala ya QR mukasankha "Njira: chizolowezi" pamtundu wa Drawing dropdown (muvi wofiyira). Ikuyeneranso kugwirira ntchito mtundu wa "Symbol" Drawing, ngakhale njira ya Symbol sigwira ntchito ku Inkscape 1.1 - osati kwa ine.

Chinthu choyamba chimati "m 0,1" - izi ndizogwirizanitsa. Ngati mutasintha mtengo woyamba, zidzasintha malo a QR code kumanzere kapena kumanja (malingana ndi kupanga nambala yabwino kapena yoipa). Ngati musintha mtengo wachiwiri, idzathetsa nambala ya QR mmwamba kapena pansi (kachiwiri, kutengera ngati nambalayo ili yabwino kapena yoipa). Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito nambala iliyonse pano - ndili ndi chitsimikizo kuti imachokera pagawo lililonse lomwe chikalata chanu chakhazikitsidwa (ie ma pixel). Izi sizofunikira kwenikweni chifukwa mutha kuyiyikanso nambala yanu ya QR mukayigwiritsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito chida cha Select.

Chinthu chotsatira, chomwe chasiyanitsidwa ndi chinthu choyamba ndi "|" chizindikiro, akuti “0.5, -1 | 0.5, 1" mwachisawawa. Izi zimatsimikizira kukula kwa zizindikiro za ma module (mwachitsanzo, makona atatu). Kusintha mtengo uliwonse kudzasintha mbali imodzi ya chizindikiro cha makona atatu. Mwachitsanzo, ngati ndilemba “0.8,-1 | 0.5, 1 ”makona atatu tsopano aziwoneka opindika pang'ono kumanja chifukwa ndasintha makulidwe awo.

Mutha kusewera mozungulira ndi zikhalidwe pano nokha kuti muwone momwe mungasinthire zizindikirozo. Ingokumbukirani kuti zikhalidwe ziyenera kukhala pansi pa 1.0 pomwe zizindikilo zimayamba kukhetsa magazi mukapitilira pamenepo (ndipo zimapangitsa nambala ya QR kusawerengeka).

Gawo lomaliza ndi "ID ya Gulu." Izi zimakupatsani mwayi wopereka ID ku khodi ya QR pazinthu monga kutumiza ku fayilo ya SVG - yomwe ndi fayilo ya "scalable vector graphics" yomwe ilinso ndi ma code. Mukayisiya ilibe kanthu, Inkscape imangopereka ID ku code. Apo ayi, mukhoza kuwonjezera dzina pano pamanja. Ndinalemba "Awa ndi mayeso" monga ID ya Gulu. Ndikuwonetsani komwe ikuwonekera kwakanthawi.

Dinani Ikani (muvi wachikasu) kuti mupange khodi ya QR pamapangidwe anu, kenako dinani "tseka" kuti mutuluke pazokambirana za QR code (muvi wabuluu).

Mutha kuwona ID ya Gulu pomenya ctrl+shift+x kuti mubweretse zokambirana za XML Editor (muvi wofiyira). Muwona khodi yakumbuyo yolumikizidwa ndi QR code yopangidwayi. Pamzere womaliza wa code mutha kuwona ID ya gulu la "Izi ndi mayeso" lomwe ndidapanga (muvi wachikasu). Pa tebulo ili m'munsimu, mukhoza kuonanso metadata ya code ya QR iyi, ndi mzere wachiwiri wolembedwa "id" ndi mtengo wolembedwa "Awa ndi mayeso" (muvi wabuluu).

Khodi ya QR yomwe idapangidwa yokha ndi zinthu ziwiri zosiyana - maziko ndi ma module apatsogolo (ie ma squareelements). Nditha kudina chakumbuyo (muvi wobiriwira) ndi Chosankha chida (muvi wofiyira), ndikudina pamtundu wamtundu wanga kuti musinthe mtundu wake (muvi wabuluu).

Ndikhoza kuchita zomwezo ndi zinthu zakutsogolo - dinani pa iwo (muvi wobiriwira) ndi chida chosankhidwa (muvi wofiyira) ndikudina pamtundu wamtundu wanga (muvi wabuluu) kuti musinthe mtundu.

Ngati ndikufuna, nditha kugwiritsa ntchito ma gradients pachinthu chilichonse kuti ndisinthe mitunduyo.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munakonda, mutha kuyang'ananso zanga zina Maphunziro a Inkscape or Zolemba Zothandizira za Inkscape.

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