Kupanga maupangiri mkati mwa GIMP ndi ntchito yochepa chabe kuyambira nthawi ya phunziroli. Komabe, pali njira zina zosavuta komanso zogwira mtima kuti mukwaniritse maupangiri amtundu uliwonse komanso malo aliwonse okuthandizani kuyika zinthu molondola kapena penti pamakona. Ndipo inde, mudzatha kujambula zinthu ku "zowongolera zamachitidwe" zomwe timapanga. Mutha kuwonera kanema wamaphunzirowa pansipa, kapena pindani kudutsa kanemayo kuti mupeze nkhani yothandizira yomwe ikupezeka m'zilankhulo 30+.

Poyamba, mutha kuyika maupangiri apakati pazolemba zanu popita ku Image> Guide> New Guide by Percent.

Khazikitsani mtengo wotsikirapo (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kuti ukhale woyima kapena wopingasa, kenako lembani "50" pagawo la manambala (muvi wobiriwira) ngati mtengo wake. Dinani Chabwino. Mukachita izi pazosankha zonse za "Vertical" ndi "Horizontal", mudzakhala ndi maupangiri apakati pachithunzi chanu.

Ngati mukufuna maupangiri ayikidwe pakona pachithunzi chanu, muyenera kujambula njira ndikuyika njirazo pamakona omwe mukufuna.

Kuti muchite izi, gwirani chida chanjira mubokosi lanu lazida (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa - fungulo lachidule "b").

Muchitsanzo choyambachi, ndipanga maupangiri omwe amazungulira kuchokera pakati pa chithunzicho. Mukhozanso kuchita izi kuchokera pakati pa chithunzicho.

Chifukwa chake, ndiyika njira yanga chapakati chopingasa cha chithunzi changa pokweza mbewa yanga pa kalozera wapakati. Kuti ndiwonetsetse kuti ndikuyika bwino poyambira njira yanga, ndikuyang'ana muyeso womwe uli m'munsi kumanzere kwa zenera la chithunzi (muvi wobiriwira). Chifukwa chithunzi changa ndi 1080 pixels wamtali, ndikudziwa kuti malo opingasa enieni a chithunzi changa ndi ma pixel 540. Chifukwa chake, pomwe mbewa yanga ikawerenga 540, ndidina kuti ndiike mfundo yoyamba ya kalozera wanga (muvi wabuluu).

Zindikirani kuti ndaika mfundo yoyamba pachinsalu - ndikupanga mtunda pang'ono kuchokera kumanzere kwa chikalatacho. Izi ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ndikatembenuza chiwongolero pambuyo pake chikhala chotalikirapo kuti chitalikitse utali wonse wa chikalatacho.

Tsopano popeza ndayika nsonga yanga yoyamba, ndiyika mbewa yanga kumapeto kwa chikalatacho pa kalozera wapakati. Apanso, ndiwonetsetsa kuti muyesowo ukuwerenga "540" pakona yakumanzere (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) pawindo lazithunzi. Ndidina kuti ndiike mfundo yachiwiri ya njira yanga (muvi wofiyira).

Zindikirani: ngati mukuvutika kuti muyike mbewa yanu pamtunda wapakati (540 pakadali pano), ingoyang'anani pang'ono pazolemba zanu (mutha kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito ctrl + mouse wheel kapena cmd + mouse pa MAC).

Njira yanga ikayikidwa pakati pa zomwe ndalemba, nditha kugwiritsa ntchito chida cha Rotate kupanga maupangiri amtundu uliwonse. Ndiyamba ndikutenga chida changa chozungulira kuchokera mu Toolbox (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa - shortcut key shift+r) ndikukhazikitsa "Sinthani" mode kukhala "Njira" (muvi wabuluu) muzosankha zachida ichi.

Kenako, ndibwera ku tabu "Njira" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Apa, muwona njira yomwe tangojambula - yotchedwa "Osatchulidwa" mwachisawawa). Ndidina chizindikiro cha “Show/Bisani” (muvi wabuluu) kuti ndiwone njira iyi pachikalata/chithunzichi.

Tsopano ndibwereza njira iyi kuti tithe kupanga maupangiri angapo achikhalidwe pamakona osiyanasiyana. Kuti ndichite izi, ndikudina chizindikiro cha "duplicate" pansi pa Paths dialogue (muvi wofiyira). Njira yatsopano idzapangidwa yotchedwa "Kope losatchulidwa" (muvi wabuluu).

Ngati mukufuna kutchulanso njira zanu, ingodinani pawiri pa dzina lomwe lilipo ndikulemba latsopano (ndinatchulanso njira zanga "Zoyambirira" panjira yoyamba yomwe tidapanga ndi "madigiri 30" panjira yobwereza - yofotokozedwa mobiriwira).

Dinani pa njira yomwe mukufuna kutembenuza, ndikuyipanga njira yogwira ntchito (ndidina "madigiri 30" njira kuti ikhale yogwira ntchito - muvi wofiira mu chithunzi pamwambapa). Tsopano, ndi chida cha "Rotate" chosankhidwabe, dinani zolemba zanu. Izi ziyenera kubweretsa Bokosi la Rotate dialogue (muvi wobiriwira).

Onetsetsani kuti "Center X" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) wakhazikitsidwa ku chilichonse chomwe chili pakati pa kukula kwa chithunzi chanu (mtengo uwu udzakhala 960 kwa ine popeza m'lifupi mwa chithunzi changa ndi 1920 pixels - 1920 yogawidwa ndi 2 ndi 960), ndipo "Center Y" (muvi wobiriwira) ndi chilichonse chomwe chili pakati pa kutalika kwa chithunzi chanu (kwa ine ndi 540). "Center" iyi ikhala pakati pa olamulira athu kuzungulira (muvi wabuluu).

Center X yanu ndi Center Y yanu ikakhazikitsidwa pamikhalidwe yoyenera, mutha kukhazikitsa njira yosinthira njira yanu. Mwachitsanzo, nditha kutembenuza njira ndi madigiri 30 polemba "30" m'makona (muvi wofiyira) ndikumenya fungulo lolowera.

Mukhozanso kudina pamanja ndi kukoka slider pansi pa ngodya kuti musinthe mtengo wa ngodya, ngakhale njira iyi imakhala yosalongosoka.

Ndikangotembenuza njira pakona yomwe ndikufuna, ndikudina "Tembenuka" (muvi wabuluu). Izi zidzatipatsa njira yozungulira, yomwe tingagwiritse ntchito ngati chiwongolero chachizolowezi.

Kuti njira iyi ikhale yogwira mtima ngati chiwongolero, tifunika kuyatsa kudumpha kwa zinthu panjira. Nditha kuchita izi popita ku View>Snap to Active Path (muvi wofiyira). Zinthu tsopano zitha kutsata njira iliyonse yomwe titha kuchitapo kanthu pa tsamba lathu la Paths.

Pakalipano tagwiritsa ntchito malo opingasa a chithunzicho ngati axis yozungulira, koma tikhoza kugwiritsa ntchito malo aliwonse pa chithunzi chathu. Mwachitsanzo, nditha kupanga njira yokhotakhota kuchokera pansi pa chithunzicho. Kuti ndichite izi, ndiyamba ndikubwereza njira ya "Choyambirira" pa tabu ya njira (muvi wabuluu). Izi zipanga njira yatsopano yotchedwa "Original copy." Nditcha njira iyi "Madigiri 60 Pansi."

Kenako ndigwiritsa ntchito chida cha "Kulinganiza" kuchokera m'bokosi lazida (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa - fungulo lachidule "q") kuti muyanitse njira iyi pansi pa chithunzicho. Mukasankha chida choyanjanitsira, dinani njira yomwe ili pakati pa chithunzicho. Mudzadziwa kuti mwasankha njira chifukwa ngodya ziwonetsa mabwalo ang'onoang'ono (muvi wabuluu).

Sinthani njira ya "Relative to" kukhala "Chithunzi" (muvi wofiyira), kenako dinani "Gwirizanitsani pansi pa chandamale" (muvi wabuluu). Njira yanu iyenera kukhala pansi pa chithunzicho (muvi wobiriwira).

Tsopano, ndigwiranso chida cha Rotate kuchokera m'bokosi lazida (kiyi yachidule ya shift+r). Ndidina pa kalozera wapansi ndi chida ichi ngati sichingobwera ndi bokosi la Rotate dialogue.

Kenako, ndionetsetsa kuti mfundo za "Center X" ndi "Center Y" zakhazikitsidwa ku 0 (muvi wabuluu) ndi 1080, motsatana. Ndikofunikira kuti mtengo wa Center X ukhazikitsidwe kukhala "0" pamenepa chifukwa ndikufuna njira yozungulira kuchokera pansi kumanzere kwa chithunzi (muvi wobiriwira). Ngati mukufuna kuti izungulire kuchokera kumalo ena, mwachitsanzo, kumanja kwa chithunzicho, onetsetsani kuti mtengo womwe mwakhazikitsa pano ukufanana ndi mtengowo (pakona yakumanja ingakhale 1920 kwa ine, popeza ndiko kufalikira kwathunthu kwa chithunzicho. chithunzi ndi chifukwa chake malo akona yakumanja kwa chithunzi).

Pomaliza, ikani mtengo wa kuzungulira kwanu mugawo la "Angle" mkati mwa bokosi la Rotation dialogue (muvi wofiyira). Muyenera kuyika chizindikiro "kuchotsa" kumayambiriro kwa mtengowo ngati mukuzungulira kuchokera pansi kumanzere. Izi zidzaonetsetsa kuti njirayo imazungulira mmwamba osati pansi (kwa ine, ndimayika -60 kuti atembenuke kumtunda kwa madigiri 60).

Dinani "Konzani" kuti musinthe njira.

Monga chitsanzo cha momwe mungasinthire zinthu kunjira izi, ndikuzigwiritsa ntchito ngati zowongolera zamakona, ndijambula mawonekedwe a ellipse pakupanga kwanga pogwiritsa ntchito Ellipse Select Tool (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa - fungulo lachidule la "E") ndi ikokera mawonekedwe kunjira yanga yogwira. Mapiritsi apakati a mawonekedwe awa (muvi wabuluu) amadumphira kunjira ngati kalozera.

Voila! Dziwani kuti mutha kuchita izi pamakona kapena mawonekedwe aliwonse (popeza mutha kusintha madera osankhidwa kukhala njira mu GIMP). Chifukwa chake, mwa kuyankhula kwina, mutha kupanga njira yotengera mawonekedwe aliwonse ojambulidwa, ndiyeno gwiritsani ntchito njirayo ngati kalozera ndi njirayi. Zinthu zamphamvu kwambiri!

Komabe, ndizo za phunziroli. Ngati munakonda, mutha kuyang'ananso zanga zina Maphunziro a GIMP, kapena kukhala a DMD Premium Member.