Munkhaniyi, ndikuwonetsani momwe zimakhalira zosavuta kuwonjezera mivi pamapangidwe anu a Inkscape! Mivi ndi njira yabwino yokometsera zithunzi zanu, kukopa chidwi cha zinthu zomwe zalembedwa, kapena kuwonetsa kulumikizana pakati pa zinthu, pakati pa ntchito zina. Tiyeni tilowemo!

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

Video: Momwe Mungapangire Mivi mu Inkscape

Gawo 1: Jambulani Njira

Grab the Paths tool from the Inkscape toolbox

Pongoyambira, mudzafuna kujambula njira pogwiritsa ntchito Cholembera Chida (chomwe chimatchedwanso "Draw Bezier Curves Tool" kapena "Paths Tool"), chomwe mutha kuchipeza kudzera pa chithunzi chomwe chili mu Toolbox (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). ) kapena pogwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule ya “B”. Dziwani kuti mutha kupanga mivi kuchokera ku mizere yowongoka kapena yokhotakhota. Kwa chitsanzo ichi, ndingojambula mzere wowongoka kuti zinthu zikhale zosavuta.

Click on the canvas with the Paths tool to draw a path in Inkscape

Ndi Cholembera Chida chosankhidwa, dinani kumanzere pazolemba zanu kuti mupange node yanu yoyamba (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Click to draw a second node along your path to create a straight line

Kenako, sunthani mbewa yanu pamalo pomwe mukufuna kuyikanso mfundo yanu yachiwiri, kenako dinani kumanzere kuti mupange mfundo (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Dziwani kuti ngati mugwiritsa fungulo la ctrl pa kiyibodi yanu pomwe mukukoka mbewa yanu, imajambula mzere wanu mu "njira yowongoka."

Khwerero 2: Sinthani Zokonda Zamzere ndikuwonjezera Zolemba pa Njira Yanu

Use the Inkscape select tool to select your path

Tsopano popeza ndajambula njira yanga, ndigwira chida changa chosankha kuchokera ku Toolbox (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zidzawonjezera zogwirira ntchito kuzungulira njira yanga (muvi wobiriwira), zomwe zimandilola kuti ndiwonjezere njira kuti ndisinthe kukula kwake. Ndikhozanso kuyimitsa njirayo pogwiritsa ntchito chida cha Select ngati ndikufunika kutero podina ndi kukoka mzere ndi mbewa yanga.

Open the Fill and Stroke dialogue in Inkscape and click the Stroke style tab

Pansi pakona yakumanzere kwa chinsalu muwona zambiri zamakongoletsedwe a njira yanga. Pansi pa "Sitiroko" muwona rectangle yokhala ndi mtundu womwe ukuwonetsa mtundu wanga wa sitiroko (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndipo pafupi ndi bokosilo muwona nambala yomwe ikuwonetsa makulidwe a sitiroko yanga (muvi wabuluu pachithunzipa) mu chitsanzo ichi m'lifupi sitiroko ndi "1.00" pixels). Chifukwa mzere wathu ndi njira, imagwiritsa ntchito njira ya "Stroke" kuti itenge mawonekedwe ake, osati "Dzazani".

Ngati ndidina kawiri pamtundu wa sitiroko (kachiwiri, muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), zokambirana za "Kudzaza ndi Kukwapula" zidzatsegulidwa (zofotokozedwa mobiriwira). Mwachikhazikitso, mudzatengedwera ku tabu ya "Stroke paint" komwe mungasinthe mtundu wa sitiroko. Pitani ku tabu ya "Stroke style" (muvi wobiriwira).

Sinthani Kukula kwa Mzere

Adjust the width of your stroke and change the units

Pansi pa tabu iyi ndipamene mungasinthe kukula kwa sitiroko yanu (aka mzere wanu), kuphatikizanso mivi kumapeto kwa njira yanu. Ngati ndikufuna kukulitsa mzere wanga, nditha kulemba "50" m'munda wolembedwa "Ulifupi" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikumenya batani lolowera (mutha kusinthanso mayunitsi pogwiritsa ntchito kutsitsa kumanja kwa izi. munda - muvi wobiriwira). Mudzawona kuti mzere wanga tsopano watalikirapo.

Sinthani Mwamakonda Anu Mzere / Ma Dashes

Use the Dashes dropdown to change the style of the line

Kutsika kwa "Dashes" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kumakupatsani mwayi wosintha njira yanu. Mwachikhazikitso, njira yanu idzakhala mzere, koma mutha kuyisintha kukhala madontho osiyanasiyana, mizere, kapena kuphatikiza madontho ndi mitsetse (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Ndikhazikitsa njira yanga ngati mzere wosavuta.

Onjezani Marker aka mutu wa Arrowhead

Use the first Markers dropdown to change the left arrowhead in Inkscape

Njira yotsatira imatchedwa "Zizindikiro" - apa ndipamene mungawonjezere mivi pamzere wanu. Muwona zotsitsa zitatu apa - imodzi kumanzere, ina pakati, ndi ina kumanja.

Kutsikira kumanzere (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kudzawonjezera muvi kumalo oyambira njira yanu (mwanjira ina, mfundo yoyamba yomwe mudajambula mukamapanga njira yanu). Ingodinani pa chithunzi chamutu wa muvi kuchokera pansi (muvi wobiriwira) kuti muwonjezere kumapeto kwa njira yanu.

Khwerero 3: Sinthani Mutu Wanu wa Mivi

Pali zinthu zingapo zosasinthika zamutu wa muvi (kapena chikhomo) zomwe mungathe kusintha. Mwachitsanzo, muvi wanu udzakhala makulidwe ofanana a mzere kapena njira yanu. Kuphatikiza apo, ngati malo anu oyambira ali kumanzere kwa mzere wanu, mutu wa muvi udzayang'anizana kapena kuloza kumanzere. Pomaliza, mutu wa muvi udzakhala womwe uli kumapeto kwa mzere wanu (m'malo mokhala ndi malo pakati pa mzere ndi mutu wa muvi). Mitundu yonseyi yosasinthika imatha kusinthidwa mu Inkscape.

Sinthani Kukula kwa Mutu wa Mivi

Adjust the size of your arrow's head using the Size X and Size Y fields

Ngati simukufuna kuti mutu wanu wa muvi ufanane ndi makulidwe a mzere wanu, mutha kusintha kukula kwake pogwiritsa ntchito manambala a “Kukula X” ndi “Kukula Y” (omwe afotokozedwa mobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mwachitsanzo, ngati ndisintha mtengo wa "Kukula X" kukhala "10" (muvi wofiyira), ndikudina batani la tabu pa kiyibodi yanga, mtengo wa "Size Y" ungosintha zokha ndipo muvi wanga tsopano ukhala waukulu kwambiri kuposa njira yanga. .

Customize your arrowhead proportions in Inkscape

Ngati ndidina pa chithunzi choyambirira chamutu wa muvi (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), zokonda zanga zidzabwereranso ku zosintha.

Dziwani kuti pali chithunzi cha ulalo wa unyolo kumanzere kwa minda ya kukula (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) chomwe chimakulolani kuti musinthe ngati mukufuna kuti Size X ndi Size Y zigwirizane. Mukasalumikizidwa, mutha kusintha mtengo wa "Kukula X" osasintha mtengo wa "Kukula Y".

Mwachitsanzo, ndikadina chizindikirochi kuti ndisalumikize magawo awiriwo, kenako lembani "10" pa "Size X" muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), muwona muvi wanga tsopano ukusintha kukula kwa X axis koma osati Y. axis (gawo la "Size Y" likukhalabe "6.707" mu chitsanzo ichi). Izi zimapangitsa kuti muvi wanga uwoneke ngati wotambasulidwa motsatira X axis. Ngati ndidina pa chithunzi choyambirira cha muvi, zokonda zanga zibwereranso ku zosintha (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Enable Scale with stroke to have arrowhead adjust proportionately with the stroke size

Pansi pa minda ya "Size X" ndi "Size Y" pali bokosi loyang'ana "Sikero ndi stroke" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mukayang'aniridwa, kukula kwa muvi wanu kumakhalabe kolingana ndi kukula kwa njira yanu. Mwachitsanzo, mukamakulitsa kugunda kwa njira yanu (monga tidachitira kale), mutuwo umakhala wokhuthala.

Uncheck Scale with stroke for an independent arrowhead size

Mukasasankhidwa (monga momwe zilili pachithunzi pamwambapa), mutu wa muvi sungakhale wolingana ndi kukula kwa njira yanu. M'malo mwake, idzakhala kukula kulikonse komwe kukhazikitsidwa mu "Size X" ndi "Size Y" minda. Muchitsanzo ichi, makulidwe a njira yanga ndi ma pixel 50, koma kukula kwa muvi wanga kwayikidwa ku ma pixel 4.061 ndi ma pixel 6.707 pamiyeso yanga ya X ndi Y. Chotsatira chake, ndi bokosi la "Scale with stroke" losasankhidwa, mutu wanga wa muvi ndi wochepa kwambiri kuposa njira yanga ndipo tsopano ndi wosawoneka.

Unchecking "Scale with stroke" may result in a tiny arrow

Ngati ndigwira ctrl ndikugwiritsa ntchito gudumu langa la mbewa kuti ndiyankhule patali pa muvi, mudzawona kuti mutu wa muvi ulipo (muvi wofiyira), ngakhale ndi wawung'ono kwambiri. Ndigwira ctrl ndikugwiritsa ntchito gudumu langa la mbewa kuti ndiwonekere. Ndisunga njira ya "Scale with Stroke".

Sinthani Mwamakonda Anu Mayendedwe a Arrowhead

Inkscape's orientation icons let you change the arrow's orientation

Njira yotsatila ndi "Orientation" njira (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zimakulolani kuti musinthe momwe mutu wa muvi kapena chikhomo umayendera panjira. Mwachikhazikitso, mutu wanu wa muvi udzakhazikitsidwa ku njira yoyamba, "Yang'anani panjira, kubwereranso poyambira" (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi ndichifukwa chake mutu wathu wa muvi umayamba kuyang'ana kumanzere poyambira njira yathu.

Ndikhoza kubweza mayendedwe amutu wa muviwu podina njira yotsatira, "Yang'anani panjira" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Tsopano mivi yonse ikhala ikulozera mbali imodzi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti muvi woyambira tsopano ukuloza kumanja.

Create a custom arrowhead orientation with the "Fixed specified angle" icon

Njira yotsatira, "Fixed specific angle" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), imakupatsani mwayi wosintha mbali ya muvi panjira. Mukayatsidwa, gawo la "Fixed angle" lomwe lili m'munsi mwa zithunzizi liyamba kugwira ntchito ndipo mutha kuyika pamanja ngodya yamutu wanu.

Mwachitsanzo, nditha kulemba "-30" (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndipo mutu wanga umazunguliridwa pansi ndi madigiri 30.

Ndisintha mutuwo kuti ukhale wokhazikika podina chizindikiro choyamba, "Kuyang'ana m'njira, kubwereranso poyambira."

Click "Flip marker horizontally" to flip the arrowhead along the path in Inkscape

Chizindikiro chomaliza ndi chizindikiro cha "Flip chotchinga chopingasa" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kudina izi kudzatembenuza mutu wanu wa muvi kuti uyang'ane kwina.

Ndidinanso chizindikiro cha "Flip" kuti ndibwezere muviwu pamalo ake osakhazikika.

Chotsani Mutu wa Arrowhead kuchokera pa Line Start

Offset the arrow along your path based on X and Y values

Mukhozanso kuchepetsa mutu wa muvi kuyambira pachiyambi cha njira yanu pogwiritsa ntchito "Offset X" ndi "Offset Y" minda (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mwachikhazikitso, izi zidzakhazikitsidwa ku 0. Ngati muwonjezera mtengo wa "Offset X" pogwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro cha "+" kapena polemba pamanja mtengo (ndinalemba 5 mu chitsanzo pamwambapa - muvi wofiyira), mutu wa muvi kapena chikhomo. sinthani kumanja m'njira.

Set a negative offset X value to move arrowhead off to the left of the path

Ngati muchepetsa mtengo wa "Offset X" pogwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro "-" kapena polemba pamanja pamtengo woyipa (ndinalemba kuchotsera 5 pachitsanzo pamwambapa - muvi wofiyira), mutu wa muvi udzasunthira kumanzere panjira.

Increase or decrease the Offset Y value to move the arrowhead up or down relative to the path

Kumbali ina, ngati muwonjezera kapena kuchepetsa mtengo wa "Offset Y" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), mutu wa muvi udzasunthira pansi kapena mmwamba pokhudzana ndi njira yoyamba.

Ndisintha mayendedwe onse a Offset X ndi Y kukhala 0 kuti ndibwerere kumalo osakhazikika amutu wanga wa muvi.

Sinthani Muvi Wanu Pa Canvas

Enable Edit on canvas to adjust the arrow using your mouse

Njira yomaliza yomwe mudzawone pa zokambiranazi ndi batani la "Sinthani pa Canvas" pansi pa chithunzithunzi cha muvi (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kudina uku kumakupatsani mwayi wosintha mutu kapena chikhomo chanu pogwiritsa ntchito mbewa yanu mwachindunji pachinsalu.

Use the arrow's handles to make on-canvas adjustments in Inkscape

Mudzawona pali zogwirira ntchito zingapo kuzungulira mutu wa muvi. Yapakati (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) imakupatsani mwayi woyikanso mutuwo mbali iliyonse (mmwamba, pansi, kumanzere, kapena kumanja). Zogwirizira masikweya (muvi wofiyira) zimakulolani kusintha kukula kwa X ndi makulidwe a Y, monga tidakambirana kale - kutanthauza kuti mutha kukweza mutuwo mmwamba kapena pansi. Ndipo chogwirira chozungulira (muvi wobiriwira) chimakulolani kuti muzungulire mutu wa muvi (potero kusintha mtengo wa "Fixed angle" womwe tidakambirana kale).

The Markers settings will update to reflect your on-canvas arrowhead changes

Ngati ndikulitsa kutsika kwa Chizindikiro choyamba mu Kudzaza ndi Kukwapula kukambirana (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), muwona zosintha zonse zatsopano kutengera zosintha zapa canvas zomwe ndangopanga (zolembedwa zobiriwira). Ngati ndidina pa chithunzi choyambirira chamutu (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), zokonda zanga zidzabwereranso ku zosintha.

Khwerero 4: Onjezani Zolemba Zowonjezera kapena Mitu Yamivi

Use the right Markers dropdown to add another arrowhead to your path

Zokonda zonse zomwe tangokambirana za kutsika kwa chikhomo chakumanzere zimagwiranso ntchito pa chotsitsa chakumanja (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kusiyanitsa kokhako ndikuti mukadina cholembera chakumanja chakumanja, chimawonjezera cholembera kumapeto kwa njira yanu (muvi wabuluu). Kuphatikiza apo, muviwu ukhala ukuyang'ana mbali ina (kumanja) kwa mutu wa muvi woyamba, malinga ngati mudakali ndi chithunzi cha "Kumayambiriro kwa njira, kubwereranso poyambira".

Mivi yomwe ili kumapeto konse kwa njira yanu ndi yodziyimira pawokha, kotero mutha kusankha mutu uliwonse wa mivi kapena chikhomo kuchokera padontho ili ndikusintha makonda kuti akhale osiyana ndi muvi woyamba womwe takhazikitsa.

Ndisunga mivi yanga kuti ikhale yofanana ndi kapangidwe kake, ngakhale.

Click the central Markers dropdown to add an arrowhead in the middle of your path in Inkscape

Kutsikira kwa "Mid Marker" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kudzawonjezera zolembera kapena mivi ku mfundo zina zonse zomwe zili m'njira yanu zomwe zili pakati pa mfundo zanu zoyamba ndi zomaliza. Pakali pano ndilibe mfundo zina panjira yanga, kotero kusankha cholembera kuchokera pansi sikungachite kalikonse.

Onjezani Zolemba Zatsopano Panjira Yanu

Add additional arrows along your path using the Edit paths by nodes tool in Inkscape

Komabe, ngati ndigwira chida cha "Sinthani njira ndi ma node" kuchokera mu Toolbox (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), kenako dinani kawiri paliponse m'njira yanga (muvi wabuluu), mfundo yatsopano idzapangidwa m'njira yanga ndi mutu wa muvi. zidzawonjezedwa pa mfundo imeneyo.

Adjust the size of the middle arrows along your path

Monga madontho ena awiriwa, mutha kusintha makonda amivi yanu kapena zolembera kuti musinthe kukula, kuwongoleranso, kapena kusintha kolowera kwa zolembera zanu za "Mid Markers." Zokonda zilizonse zomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito potsitsa zapakati zidzagwira ntchito pamivi yonse pakati pa node yoyamba ndi yomaliza yomwe mudapanga. Apa mutha kuwona kuti ndidasankha njira ya "Scale with stroke" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), kenako ikani mtengo wa X kukhala "25" (muvi wobiriwira). Tsopano, mivi yonse yomwe ili pakati pa njira yanga (muvi wabuluu) ndi yaying'ono kuposa mivi yomwe ili kumapeto kwa njira.

Khwerero 5: Sinthani Mtundu wa Mivi Yanu

Use the swatches panel to change the colors of your arrows

Kuti musinthe mtundu wa njira yanu ndi mivi nthawi iliyonse, sinthani + dinani pa wotchi yamtundu pagawo la "Swatches" pansi pa chinsalu. Mwachitsanzo, ngati ndisintha + ndikudina mtundu wofiira (muvi wabuluu), usintha mtundu wanjira yanga kukhala wofiira.

Fix an Inkscape bug where the outer arrowheads don't change colors

Mwina munaonapo kuti mivi yakunjayo sinasinthe mtundu wake, pomwe mivi yamkati idasintha. Ichi ndi cholakwika chomwe chimapezeka mumitundu ya Inkscape 1.1 ndi 1.2. Kuti mukonze izi, mutha kuchepetsa kukula kwa sikwashiyo podina chizindikiro cha "-" m'munda wa "Width", ndikuwonjezeranso ndikudina chizindikiro "+" (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Miviyo iyenera kusintha mtundu ndi kusintha kwakung'ono kumeneku (mwachiyembekezo kuti akonza cholakwikachi posachedwa).

Ndizomwe zili patsamba lothandizira la Inkscape! Ngati mudasangalala nazo kapena mwapeza zothandiza, mutha kuyang'ana zina zanga Zolemba zothandizira za Inkscape or Maphunziro avidiyo a Inkscape patsamba langa.

Mavidiyo Ogwirizana: Momwe Mungapangire Mivi mu Inkscape