M'nkhani yothandizirayi ndikuwonetsani njira yachangu komanso yosavuta yoyambira yopangira zolemba zabwino kwambiri za 3D pogwiritsa ntchito GIMP.

GIMP ndi pulogalamu yaulere yosintha zithunzi ndi zithunzi zofanana kwambiri ndi Photoshop.

Tiyeni tilowemo!

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

Kanema: Malemba Osavuta Osavuta a 3D okhala ndi Zowoneka bwino mu GIMP

Gawo 1: Konzani Document Yatsopano

Pangani chikalata chatsopano mu GIMP popita ku Fayilo> Chatsopano

Poyamba, ndipanga nyimbo yatsopano popita ku Fayilo> Chatsopano (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kapena kugwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule ya ctrl+n (cmd+n pa MAC).

Tsegulani zokambirana za GIMP Palettes popita ku Windows> Palettes

Kenako, nditsegula tabu ya Palettes kupita ku Windows> Zokambirana Zowoneka bwino> Paleti (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Pano pa tabu ya Palettes (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa), nditha kusankha kuchokera pamitundu ingapo yopangidwa kuti ndipange zolemba zanga.

Ndidakonda phale lamtundu wa "Grayblue" (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndiye ndikudina kawiri pa dzina laphale kuti nditsegule tabu ya "Palette Editor".

Dinani kawiri pa phale kuti mulowetse GIMP Palette Editor tabu

Tabu ya Palette Editor iyi (yomwe ili yobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa) indipatsa mwayi wofikira mitundu yonse yomwe ndikhala ndikugwiritsa ntchito mu phunziroli.

Kenako, ndidina ndikukoka mtundu wakuda kuchokera pa Palette Editor mpaka kumbuyo kwanga (tsatirani muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zisintha mtundu wa mbiri yanga.

Gawo 2: Onjezani Zolemba

Tengani chida cholembera kuchokera pabokosi lazida la GIMP ndikugwiritsa ntchito Zosankha za Chida kuti musinthe malembedwe

Ndikukonzekera kwanga, ndikudina Chida Cholemba mubokosi lazida (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Nditha kusintha makonda anga mu Zosankha Zachida - ndi font yanga pankhaniyi yokhazikitsidwa kukhala "Barlow Condensed Heavy Italic Condensed" ndi kukula kwa font kukhala "750 px." Ndinasintha mtundu wa font podina ndi kukokera umodzi wamitundu yanga yapalette ku bokosi la "Mtundu".

Lembani zolemba zanu kuti mupange zolemba zanu

Ndikakonzeka, ndikudina zomwe zili ndi chida ndikulemba "GIMP" pazovala zonse (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zidzangopanga zolemba mu gulu la Layers (muvi wabuluu), ndipo mawu athu tsopano awonetsedwa pazolembazo.

Gawo 3: Lumikizani Mawu Anu

Tengani chida choyanjanitsa, gwirizanitsani ndi chithunzi, ndipo dinani zopingasa ndi zoyanjanitsa pakati

Kenako, ndidina pa Chida cha Kuyanjanitsa mubokosi langa la zida (mu gulu loyamba la zida - dinani ndikugwira gulu la zida kuti muwulule chida cholumikizira, chomwe chili pansi pa Chida Chosuntha mwachisawawa - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Kenako ndikudina palemba lomwe ndangopanga ndi chida cholumikizira. Pachida Changa Chosankha pa Chida changa cha Kuyanjanitsa, ndiwonetsetsa kuti "Relative to" yaikidwa kukhala "Image" kuchokera pansi (muvi wabuluu), ndikudina "Align Center of Target" ndi "Align Middle of Target" (zawonetsedwa mwachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zigwirizanitsa mopingasa ndi molunjika mawu anga pakati pa chithunzi changa.

Khwerero 4: Lembaninso Mawu Anu

Dinani chithunzi chobwereza pansi pagawo la GIMP kuti mubwereze mawu anu

Kenako ndiwonetsetsa kuti ndadina palemba la "GIMP" pagawo la Layers (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikudina chithunzi chobwereza kuti mubwereze wosanjikizawu (muvi wofiyira). Ndidinanso chizindikirochi kuti ndichibwerezenso. Tsopano muyenera kukhala ndi zigawo zitatu za GIMP (zolembedwa zachikasu).

Bwezeretsani zigawo za malemba mu dongosolo la stacking kudzera pa gulu la zigawo za GIMP

Kuti zinthu ziziwoneka bwino komanso zaudongo, ndiyikanso zigawo ziwiri zomwe zili m'munsi mwazoyambira wosanjikiza stacking dongosolo podina ndi kukoka aliyense wa iwo ndi mbewa yanga (muvi wofiyira).

Khwerero 5: Onjezani Mthunzi Wautali Pamawu Anu

Onjezani zotsatira za mthunzi wautali kupita ku Zosefera> Kuwala ndi Mthunzi> Mthunzi Wautali

Yakwana nthawi yoti tiyambe kuwonjezera zotsatira za 3D pamawu athu! Kuti ndiyambe, ndiwonetsetsa kuti zolemba za GIMP zasankhidwa (muvi wofiyira). Kenako, ndipita ku Zosefera> Kuwala ndi Mthunzi> Mthunzi Wautali (muvi wachikasu).

Sinthani Zosefera Zosefera zazitali mkati mwazokambirana zazitali za Shadow mu GIMP

Zotsatira za gawoli zipanga chithunzithunzi cha zolemba zanga za 3D. Kotero, ine ndikufuna kuti mtundu apa ukhale wakuda pang'ono. Kuti ndikwaniritse izi, ndidina ndikukoka buluu woderapo pang'ono kuchokera pagawo langa la Palette kupita ku bokosi lolembedwa "Mtundu" (mivi yofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mtundu mkati mwa bokosi tsopano uyenera kusinthidwa kukhala mtundu wanu watsopano.

Ndisiya zoikamo zina zonse pazosankha zawo ndikudina "Chabwino." (Dziwani kuti ngati mutasintha ngodya kapena kutalika, mudzafuna kukumbukira mfundozi monga momwe mudzazifunira pa sitepe yotsatira.) Muyenera tsopano kukhala ndi mthunzi wautali wa buluu woderapo pamtunda wanu wapansi.

Onjezani zosefera za Mthunzi Wautali wowonjezera pazolemba zanu za GIMP

Kenako, ndikudina "GIMP #1" wosanjikiza (muvi wofiyira) ndikuyikanso sefa ya Long Shadow. Nditha kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule "ctrl+shift+f" kapena kungopita ku Zosefera> Kuwala ndi Mthunzi> Mthunzi Wautali (muvi wachikasu).

Langizo: ctrl+shift+f ndiye njira yachidule ya '"Reshow' Last Selter" mu GIMP. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, zimabweretsa zokambirana za chilichonse chomwe fyuluta yomaliza inali yomwe mudagwiritsa ntchito popanda kugwiritsa ntchito zoikamo zenizeni pagawo logwira ntchito.

Onjezani shading kudzera pazithunzi zazitali zazithunzi posankha "Fading (utali wokhazikika)" njira

Pa mthunzi wautali uwu, ndisintha "Mawonekedwe" kukhala "Kuzilala: Utali Wokhazikika" kuchokera pansi (muvi wachikasu).

Kenako ndisintha mtundu wa mthunzi wautali kukhala wabuluu wopepuka pokoka mtundu uwu kuchokera pagulu la Palette Editor (mivi yofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Ndidina OK kuti ndigwiritse ntchito zokonda pagawo langa.

Khwerero 6: Onjezani Chowunikira pa Zolemba za 3D

Muyenera kukhala ndi zolemba zowoneka bwino za 3D. Komabe, ndiwonjezera chotsatira chimodzi chomaliza ku izi kuti zithandizire kuwonekera: chowunikira.

Fananizani zotsatira zazithunzi zanu zazitali podina chithunzi chobwereza pagawo la zigawo

Kuti muwonjezere chowunikira, bwerezani mawu anu apamwamba kawiri ndikudina chizindikiro cha "Kubwereza" pansi pagawo la Zigawo (muvi wofiyira). Tsopano muwona magawo awiri owonjezera pagawo lanu la Ma Layers olembedwa "GIMP #4" ndi "GIMP #3" (yofotokozedwa muchikasu).

Pitani ku Layer> Discard Text Information kuti musinthe zolemba kukhala wosanjikiza wokhazikika mu GIMP

Dinani pa "GIMP #3" wosanjikiza (muvi wofiyira) ndikupita ku Layer> Tayani Mauthenga (muvi wachikasu). Izi zipangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuti tisinthe mtundu wa zolemba.

Tsekani njira ya alpha ya wosanjikiza ndikukoka ndikuponya mtundu kuti musinthe mitundu ya pixel ya wosanjikizawo

Tsekani njira ya alpha ya GIMP #3 wosanjikiza podina kachizindikiro kakang'ono pamwamba pagawo la Zigawo (muvi wofiyira). Kenako, kokerani ndikugwetsa mtundu wanu wowoneka bwino pachinsalu (kwa ine ndinapita ndi zoyera za mtundu uwu, womwe ndidawukoka kuchokera chakumbuyo chakumbuyo pansi pa Toolbox yanga - mivi yabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Gwiritsani ntchito chida chosuntha kuti muchepetse wosanjikiza pansi pa gawo lina ndikupanga mawonekedwe owoneka bwino

Tsopano, ndi chida chosuntha chomwe chasankhidwa (m kiyi pa kiyibodi yanu), sunthani cholembera chapamwamba cha GIMP #4 kumanja ndi pansi pang'ono ndikudina mwachindunji ma pixel a wosanjikiza ndikukoka mbewa yanu (muvi wofiyira). Tulutsani mbewa yanu. Mphepete mwa zoyera zomwe zikuwonekera kuchokera kuseri kwa wosanjikiza izi ndizowoneka bwino.

Pangani zosankha kuchokera pamapixels osanjikiza kupita ku Layer> Transparency> Alpha to Selection

Kenako, alt+dinani pa GIMP #4 wosanjikiza (muvi wachikasu) kuti mupange kusankha mozungulira mawuwa. Mutha kupitanso ku Layer> Transparency> Alpha to Selection (muvi wofiyira) ngati kudina kwa alt+ sikukugwira ntchito.

Dinani chizindikiro cha Layer Mask, sankhani "Sankhani," ndikuyang'ana Invert Mask kuti musankhe chigoba chosinthika.

Dinani pa "GIMP #3" wosanjikiza kuti igwire ntchito (muvi wofiyira), kenako dinani chizindikiro cha Layer Mask pansi pagawo la Zigawo kuti muwonjezere chigoba chosanjikiza (muvi wobiriwira).

Pansi pa "Initialize Layer Mask to:" sankhani "Sankhani" (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndipo onetsetsani kuti bokosi la "Invert" layang'aniridwa (muvi wachikasu). Dinani Add kuwonjezera wosanjikiza chigoba. Cholemba cha GIMP #3 chiyenera tsopano kukhala ndi Chigoba cha Layer chomwe chaperekedwa kwa icho mu mawonekedwe a mawuwo.

Sankhani wosanjikiza ndi kumadula kufufuta mafano pansi ngodya ya zigawo gulu kufufuta wosanjikiza

Dinani ctrl+shift+a kuti musasankhe mawuwo. Kenako, dinani pa GIMP #4 wosanjikiza (muvi wofiyira) ndikudina chizindikiro cha "Chotsani chosanjikiza ichi" pansi pagawo la Zigawo (muvi wobiriwira) kuti muchotse.

Sinthani mawonekedwe a wosanjikiza podina wosanjikiza ndikusintha opacity slider pamwamba pa zigawo.

Mutha kusintha mawonekedwe a Highlight layer (GIMP #3) pogwiritsa ntchito Opacity slider yomwe ili pamwamba pa gulu la Layers (muvi wobiriwira). Onetsetsani kuti mwadinda pa wosanjikiza weniweni (muvi wofiyira) osati chigoba chosanjikiza posintha slider iyi. Ingochepetsani mtengo kukhala pansi pa 100 kuti muwonetsetse bwino kwambiri.

Khwerero 7: Patsani Mapangidwe Anu Omaliza

Pitani ku Layer> Chatsopano kuchokera Kuwoneka kuti muyike ma pixel onse owoneka pamzere umodzi mu GIMP

Kuti mukhazikitse mapangidwe omaliza, yambani ndikubisa chakumbuyo ndikudina chizindikiro cha "Show/Bisani" pagawo la Zigawo (muvi wofiyira). Kenako, pitani ku Layer> Chatsopano kuchokera Zowoneka (muvi wobiriwira).

Dulani wosanjikiza ku zomwe zili mu pixel kupita ku Layer> Crop to Content

Onetsani zosanjikiza zakumbuyo (muvi wofiyira). Kenako, dinani "Zowoneka" zosanjikiza zomwe mudapanga (muvi wobiriwira) ndikupita ku Layer> Crop to Content (muvi wachikasu). Izi zidzatulutsa ma pixel onse owoneka bwino ozungulira kapangidwe kanu, ndikuchepetsa kukula kwake mpaka kukula kwa kapangidwe kanu.

Gwiritsani ntchito chida cholumikizira mubokosi lazida la GIMP kuti mugwirizane ndi zolemba zanu za 3D mu GIMP

Pomaliza, gwirani chida cha Kuyanjanitsa kuchokera m'bokosi lanu la zida (kiyi yachidule ya Q pa kiyibodi yanu - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikudina pagawo lanu lowoneka (muvi wabuluu). Ndi chida chokhazikitsidwa kuti chigwirizane ndi "Relative to: Image," dinani "gwirizanitsani pakati kapena chandamale" ndi "gwirizanitsani pakati pa chandamale" (chofotokozedwa muchikasu) kuti mugwirizane ndi mapangidwewo. Bisani zigawo zonse pakati pa Zowoneka ndi Zakumapeto (dinani chizindikiro/chithunzi chobisa pafupi ndi chilichonse - chofotokozedwa mobiriwira).

Ndinamaliza kupanga zolemba za 3D zokhala ndi chowunikira chopangidwa mu GIMP

Ndi zimenezotu - tsopano muli ndi mawu owoneka bwino a 3D! Ndizo za phunziro ili la GIMP. Ngati munakonda, osayiwala kuyang'ana zanga zina Zolemba zothandizira za GIMP or Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP!