Mu phunziro ili, ndikuwonetsani momwe mungasinthire njira pogwiritsa ntchito GIMP. Iyi ndi ntchito yosavuta kukwaniritsa ndipo ingakuthandizeni kukulitsa luso lanu losintha zithunzi ndi zojambula mukamagwira ntchito mu GIMP. Ndikofunikira nthawi iliyonse yomwe mukufuna kusintha mawonekedwe, malo, malo, kukula, ndi zina za njira mutajambula kale.

1. Jambulani Njira Yanu

Chinthu choyamba muyenera kuchita, ndithudi, ndi kujambula njira yanu. Mutha kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito chida cha Paths mu GIMP - chomwe mungapeze kudzera pa GIMP Toolbox (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kapena pogwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule ya "b". ("b" imayimira Bezier Curve.)

Dinani pa chithunzi chanu kuti muyambe kujambula njira yanu. Kudina kudzawonjezera ma node (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndipo pakati pa node iliyonse padzakhala gawo la mzere. Ngati simukudziwa momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chida chanjira, ndikupangira kuti muwone zanga Phunzirani za Chida cha Njira kuti muwone mozama chida chothandiza kwambiri ichi.

Mu chitsanzo changa, ndikujambula njira yozungulira galasi la ola. Kukula kwa chithunzi cha hourglass iyi ndi 1280 x 853 pixels (mutha kuwona kukula kwa chithunzi chomwe chili chobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Komabe, ndilinso ndi mtundu wokulirapo wa chithunzichi chomwe ndi ma pixel a 1920 x 1280 (omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa - iyi ndiye tabu ya chithunzi chachiwiri chomwe ndatsegula mu GIMP).

Malangizo Oyambira a GIMP: Ingopitani Fayilo> Tsegulani kuti mutsegule zithunzi mu GIMP.

Tinene, mongoyerekeza, kuti ndamaliza kujambula njira yanga mozungulira chinthu cha hourglass, ndikungozindikira kuti ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito chithunzi chachikulu. Sindikufuna kuti ndijambulenso njira yanga yonse mozungulira chinthucho, ndiye chomwe ndingachite ndikutengera njira yochokera pachithunzi chaching'ono kupita pachithunzi chachikulu, ndikukweza njirayo. Ndiyeneranso kuyimitsa njirayo pogwiritsa ntchito chida cha Move kuti chifotokoze bwino chinthu cha hourglass.

Pali zitsanzo zina zambiri zofunira kukula, kusuntha, kutembenuza, kapena kuzungulira njira - ichi ndi chitsanzo chimodzi chokha.

Chifukwa chake, njira yanga ikakokedwa, ndiyenera kutengera njira yoyambira yomwe ndikulemba pano kupita ku nyimbo yanga yatsopano. Kuti ndichite izi, ndidutsa pa tabu yanga ya "Njira" (kumanja kwa tsamba langa la Zigawo - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikudina njira "Yosatchulidwa" (muvi wobiriwira).

Monga ngati wosanjikiza, mutha kusintha dzina la njira yanu podina kawiri pa dzina lomwe lilipo ndikulemba dzina latsopano. Ndinasinthanso njira yanga "Hourglass" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Dinani batani lolowetsa kuti mugwiritse ntchito dzina.

Tsopano, dinani kumanja panjira ndikupita ku "Copy Path" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Pitani ku chithunzi chokulirapo (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikupita ku "Matani Njira" (muvi wobiriwira). Izi zimayika njira yanu mu Paths tab.

Dinani chizindikiro cha "Show/Bisani" kuti muwone njira yanu muzolemba zatsopano (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Chifukwa chithunzi chatsopanocho ndi chachikulu, njira yomwe tinajambulira m'mawu athu am'mbuyomu tsopano ndiyochepa kwambiri ndipo ili pamalo olakwika (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Tidzafunika kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosinthira kuti tipeze malo oyenera.

2. Sinthani Mawonekedwe a Chida Chanu Chosinthira

Tsopano popeza njira yathu ili m'mapangidwe athu atsopano, ndigwiritsa ntchito chida chosunthira ndi chida chosinthira kuti ndisinthe njirayo kuti iwonetsenso ma hourglass.

Ndiyamba ndi chida chosunthira, chomwe nditha kuyambitsa podina pa Toolbox (muvi wofiyira womwe uli pachithunzi pamwambapa) kapena kugwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule ya “m” pa kiyibodi yanga.

Ndikasankha chida changa chosuntha, pansi pazida zomwe ndidasankha ndikusankha "njira" yamawonekedwe (muvi wobiriwira) - iyi ndi njira yachitatu yomwe yatchulidwa pano (nthawi zambiri, mwachisawawa, imayikidwa ku "Layer"). Izi zikutanthauza kuti chida changa chosuntha chidzasuntha njira osati zigawo.

Chida chosuntha chikakhazikitsidwa kunjira, nditha kudina njirayo ndi chida changa chosuntha ndikuchikoka paliponse pazolemba. Ndikoka njirayo kuti ikhale yozungulira malo omwewo ndi ma hourglass okulirapo.

Tsopano, ndigwiritsa ntchito kiyi yachidule ya “shift+s” pa kiyibodi yanga kapena kusankha chida cha Scale mubokosi langa la zida (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Monga chida chosuntha, ndi chida chilichonse chosinthira pankhaniyi, titha kusinthanso mawonekedwe kuchokera ku "Layer" kupita ku "Njira" muzosankha za Chida (muvi wobiriwira).

Njira yosinthira iyi ikasankhidwa, ndikudina njirayo ndi chida cha sikelo. Izi zidzabweretsa kusintha kozungulira kuzungulira njira yanga.

Ndidina ndikukokera chimodzi mwazogwirizira zosintha (makamaka imodzi mwamakona - muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikukokera mbewa yanga panja.

Nditha kugwiritsanso ntchito mabokosi anayi omwe ali pakati panjira kuti ndisunthe pang'ono mbali iliyonse (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Ikakhazikika, ndikugunda batani la "Scale" (muvi wabuluu).

3. Pangani Final Njira Zosintha ndi Kusintha Kusintha Mode Kubwerera ku Default

Ndikupangira kuyang'ana panjira yanu (gwirani kiyi ya ctrl ndikugwiritsa ntchito gudumu lanu la mbewa) kuti muwonetsetse kuti ikugwirizana bwino ndi chinthu chanu. Kwa ine, ndinagwiritsa ntchito chida chosunthira ("m" chinsinsi chachidule pa kiyibodi yanu) kuti ndikonzenso pang'ono pa malo a njirayo mpaka italumikizidwa (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Mukamaliza, ndikupangira kuti musinthe mawonekedwe a zida zanu zosinthira kubwerera ku "Layer" (muvi wabuluu) kuti muwonetsetse kuti simukusokonezedwa mukamayesa kusanja mtsogolo (ngati mawonekedwewo akhazikitsidwa, Chida sichingagwire ntchito poyesa kukulitsa wosanjikiza, mwachitsanzo - mupeza uthenga wolakwika mu bar. Ndathana nawo).

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munakonda, mutha kuyang'ananso zanga zina Maphunziro a GIMP, kapena akhoza kukhala a Umembala Woyamba kuti mupeze maphunziro anga onse a GIMP ndi makalasi ndi maphunziro apamwamba.