M'nkhaniyi ndikuwonetsani momwe mungawonjezere mthunzi wotsitsa mu GIMP pogwiritsa ntchito fyuluta yomangidwa. Mithunzi yotsitsa imatha kuwonjezeredwa pamawu, komanso chinthu chilichonse kapena wosanjikiza wokhala ndi zinthu zingapo - bola ngati wosanjikizawo ali ndi njira ya alpha (zambiri pakanthawi kochepa).

Ndikuwonetsa momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito izi pokuwonetsani momwe mungawonjezere mthunzi wotsitsa pamawu.

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

Gawo 1: Pangani Chithunzi Chatsopano

Pangani zolemba zatsopano za GIMP

Choyamba, tiyeni tipange nyimbo yatsopano. Nditha kuchita izi ndikupita ku Fayilo> Chatsopano (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kapena kumenya fungulo lachidule la ctrl+n pa kiyibodi yanga (cmd+n pa MAC).

Khazikitsani kukula kwa m'lifupi ndi kutalika kwa nyimbo yanu

Kenako, ndiyika miyeso ya chikalata changa - 1920 m'lifupi, ndi 1080 kutalika kwake (yofotokozedwa mofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Chigawo chomwe ndikugwiritsa ntchito ndi ma pixel (px). Dinani Chabwino kuti mupange chikalatacho (muvi wabuluu).

Khwerero 2: Onjezani Mawu Anu

Tengani chida cholembera kuchokera pabokosi lazida la GIMP

Tsopano nditenga chida cha Text kuchokera m'bokosi langa la zida (kiyi yachidule T - muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Dinani pamapangidwe anu a GIMP ndi chida cholembera ndikulemba zolemba

Ndili ndi chida changa cha Text chogwira ntchito, ndidina zomwe ndalemba ndikuyamba kulemba mawu - apa "GIMP" (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mawuwo adzakhala chilichonse mtundu wanu wakutsogolo wakhazikitsidwa (kwa ine kufiira).

Nditha kugunda ctrl+a pa kiyibodi yanga kapena kukoka mbewa yanga pamawu onse mkati mwa bokosi latsopano kuti ndisankhe. Ndikangosankhidwa, nditha kusintha mawonekedwe alemba - kuphatikiza font, kukula kwa zolemba, mtundu, ndi zina zambiri. Ndikupangira kuyang'ana wanga maphunziro odzipatulira pa GIMP's Text Tool ngati simukuchidziwa bwino chida ichi.

Sinthani font ndi kukula kwake pogwiritsa ntchito bokosi lolemba

Nditasankha mawu anga, ndisintha kukula kwa font kukhala 500 (muvi wobiriwira) ndipo ndimamatira ndi font ya "Gill Sans MT Bold" (muvi wabuluu).

Gawo 3: Lumikizani Mawu Anu

Tengani chida cholumikizira mubokosi lazida la GIMP kapena gwiritsani ntchito kiyi yachidule ya Q

Kenako, ndidina ndikugwira gulu loyamba la zida mu Toolbox yanga (muvi wofiyira womwe uli pachithunzi pamwambapa) ndikumasula mbewa yanga pa chida cha “Kulinganiza” (muvi wabuluu).

Gwirizanitsani wachibale ndi chithunzi ndikudina kulinganiza molunjika ndikuyanjanitsa pakati paopingasa

Dinani palemba lomwe tangopanga kumene ndi chida cholumikizira (onetsetsani kuti mwadina ma pixel enieni a mawuwo). Pansi pa Zosankha Zachida, onetsetsani kuti chida cholumikizira chakhazikitsidwa kuti chigwirizane ndi "Relative to Image" (pansi pa dontho loyamba - muvi wofiyira). Kenako, dinani "Gwirizanitsani pakati pa chandamale" ndi "Gwirizanitsani pakati pa chandamale" kuti muyanjanitse mawuwo ndi chithunzicho (chomwe chafotokozedwa mubuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Khwerero 4: Onjezani Shadow Yotsitsa

Onjezani Drop Shadow ku wosanjikiza wamawu popita ku Zosefera> Kuwala ndi Mthunzi> Dontho la Shadow

Ndi mawu athu omwe ali m'malo mwake, tsopano titha kuwonjezera chithunzithunzi pamutu wathu. Kuti muchite izi, onetsetsani kuti zolembazo zikugwira ntchito pagawo la zigawo (muvi wofiyira). Kenako, pitani ku Zosefera> Kuwala ndi Mthunzi> Drop Shadow (muvi wabuluu).

Drop Shadow dialogue mu GIMP imakupatsani mwayi wosintha zosintha

Kukambitsirana koyandama tsopano kuwoneka kotchedwa "Drop Shadow" (yofotokozedwa mubuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Fyuluta ya Drop Shadow ndi fyuluta ya GEGL, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti timakhala ndi chithunzithunzi cha mthunzi wa dontho pa chinsalu chathu pamene tikukonza zoikamo. Chifukwa chake, tsopano mutha kuwona mawu athu ali ndi mthunzi pansi pake.

Ma Slider a X/Y

Gwiritsani ntchito ma slider a X ndi Y kuti musinthe momwe mthunzi umagwera

Seti yoyamba ya masilayidi a Drop Shadow fyuluta ndi "X" ndi "Y" slider (zofotokozedwa mu buluu pamwambapa). Ma slider awa amatipatsa mwayi woyikanso mthunzi wotsitsa pansi pa tsamba lathu. "X" slider imasintha malo opingasa a mthunzi wogwetsa (ie x axis), pomwe "Y" slider imasintha malo oyima a mthunzi wodontha (ie axis y).

Mwachikhazikitso, zikhalidwe ziwirizi "zidzalumikizidwa" palimodzi kudzera pa chithunzi chaching'ono chakumanja kwa zotsetsereka (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi). Izi zikutanthauza kuti mukamadina ndikukokera chotsitsa chimodzi, slider ina isintha nayo. Mwachitsanzo, ndikadina ndikukokera "X" kumanzere, slider ya "Y" idzatsata ndi mbewa yanga.

Zindikirani kuti mtengo wa X ndi Y ukhoza kukhala wopanda pake. Mtengo wolakwika wa X umatanthauza kuti mthunzi udzakhala kumanzere kwapakati, ndipo mtengo wolakwika wa Y umatanthauza kuti mthunzi udzakhala pamwamba pakatikati. (Mtengo wabwino wa X upangitsa kuti mthunziwo ukhale pakati, ndipo mtengo wabwino wa Y upangitsa mthunzi wotsikira pansi pakatikati). Pachithunzi pamwambapa, popeza zonse za X ndi Y ndizolakwika, mthunzi wotsikirapo uli kumanzere kwa zolemba zoyambirira.

Ndikhoza kudina batani la "Bwezerani" pansi pazokambirana kuti mukhazikitsenso mfundo zanga kuti zikhale zokhazikika (muvi wachikasu pachithunzichi).

X slider imasintha malo opingasa a mthunzi wa dontho mu GIMP

Ndidina chizindikiro cha unyolo kuti musalumikize unyolo (muvi wachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa) popeza ndikufuna kuti X ndi Y slider zizikhala zodziyimira pawokha.

Tsopano, ndidina ndikukoka cholowera X (muvi wofiyira). Ndikakokera patali chotsetsereka ichi kumanja, m'pamenenso mthunzi wogwetsa udzakhala kuchokera palemba (muvi wabuluu). Zindikirani kuti nditha kupitiliza kukokera cholowera kumanja ngakhale slider ikadzaza (nthawi zambiri imadzaza ndi mtengo wa 40, koma mtengo wa X ukhoza kukhala pamwamba pa 40).

Dinani pakatikati pa mtengo wotsetsereka kuti mulembe pamanja mtengo wa nambala ya X malo GIMP dontho lamthunzi

Ndikhozanso kudina pakati ndi gudumu langa la mbewa pamtengo uwu ndikulemba pamanja nambala yatsopano. Mwachitsanzo, ndidina pakati pa mbewa yanga paliponse pa mtengo wa x (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), gwiritsani ntchito mivi yanga kuti muyendetse cholozera kumanja chakumanja, kugunda batani lakumbuyo kuti muchotse mtengo womwe ulipo, kenako lembani 250. ndikudina batani la Enter. Mthunzi wanga wogwetsa usintha ndi mtengo watsopanowu.

Nditha kukhala ndi slider imodzi yokhala ndi mtengo wabwino pomwe ina yotsika mtengo. Chifukwa chake, pomwe X ali wabwino, nditha kupanga Y kukhala wopanda pake.

Ikani mthunzi pamwamba pa mawu anu pokhazikitsa Y slider pamtengo wolakwika

Ndidina ndikukokera Y slider kutali kumanzere kuti ndipatse mtengo woyipa (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Pamene ndikuchita izi, mthunzi wotsitsa umasunthira pamwamba pazomwe zimapangidwira ndi zolemba zoyambirira. Muwonanso pakadali pano kuti mthunzi wadontho uli kunja kwa mzere wa madontho achikasu omwe umatanthauza malire athu (muvi wabuluu).

Malingana ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito GIMP 2.10.14 kapena pamwambapa, GIMP imangosintha kukula kwa wosanjikiza wanu kuti igwirizane ndi gawo la mthunzi womwe umatuluka kunja kwa malire apano.

Apanso, ine kugunda "Bwezerani" batani kubwerera kwa kusakhulupirika makhalidwe.

Blur Radius

Chepetsani kusokoneza kwa GIMP pogwiritsa ntchito blur radius slider

Chotsatira chotsatira ndi "Blur Radius" slider (muvi wofiyira pachithunzichi). Slider iyi imakulitsa kapena kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa Gaussian Blur yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamthunzi wotsitsa. (Gaussian blur ndi fyuluta yotchuka ya blur mu GIMP - kotero izi zimangosintha kuchuluka kwa blur pamthunzi wanu).

Ngati ndiyika mtengo wa slider kukhala "0," sipadzakhala mdima pamthunzi ndipo mthunziwo udzakhala ndi m'mphepete mwake (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kwenikweni, mthunzi wogwetsa umangowoneka ngati wosanjikiza watsopano, wosasinthika pang'ono wa mawu pansi pawoyamba.

Wonjezerani kusokoneza kwazithunzi pogwiritsa ntchito blur radius slider mu GIMP

Kumbali ina, kukulitsa mtengo wa Blur radius slider (muvi wofiyira) kudzawonjezera kufinya pamthunzi (muvi wabuluu). Kusawoneka bwino kwambiri kumapangitsa kuti mthunziwo ukhale wovuta kuwona (mthunziwo sudzakhala ndi mawonekedwe owoneka). Popanda kuwonjezera kufinya kwambiri, kukulitsa mawonekedwe a blur kungathandize kupanga "gwero lanu lowunikira" kuwoneka mofewa. Kufotokozera mophweka, kungapangitse mthunzi wa dontho kukhala wobisika.

Ndidina batani lokhazikitsiranso kuti ndibwerere kuzinthu zosasinthika.

Kukula Mawonekedwe ndi Kukula Radius

Wonjezerani kapena kuchepetsa kukula kwa mthunzi musanagwiritse ntchito mdima mu GIMP ndi Grow Radius slider

Zinthu ziwiri zotsatirazi - bokosi la "Kukula Mawonekedwe" ndi "Kukula Radius" slider (yofotokozedwa mu buluu pa chithunzi) - zimagwirizana.

The Grow Radius slider (muvi wofiyira) imakulolani kuti muwonjeze kapena kuchepetsa kukula kwa mthunzi wodonthayo musanagwiritse ntchito bluring. Mwachitsanzo, ndikulitsa utali wokulirapo ndipo mutha kuwona kuti mthunzi wadontho sukhalanso ndi mawonekedwe abwino (wowoneka pachithunzi pamwambapa).

The Grow Shape dropdown pamwamba pa Grow Radius slider imasintha mawonekedwe a mthunzi wotsitsa pamene ikukula. Mwachikhazikitso, izi zimayikidwa mozungulira. Komabe, ngati ndisintha izi kukhala "Diamondi" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), muwona ngodya zakusintha kwablublu kukhala ndi m'mphepete mwake (m'malo mokhala m'mphepete mwabwino - muvi wabuluu).

Sinthani Kukula Mawonekedwe a mthunzi wotsitsa mu GIMP

Ngati ndisintha njirayi kukhala "Square" (muvi wofiyira), m'mphepete mwake mumakhala otsekereza kwambiri (muvi wabuluu) - kapena wofanana ndi lalikulu m'malo mozungulira.

Ndigundanso reset kuti ndibwerere ku zoyambira.

Tsitsani Mtundu wa Shadow

Gwiritsani ntchito bokosi la Colour kuti musinthe mtundu wa GIMP yanu

Njira yotsatira ndi "Color" njira, yomwe imakulolani kuti musinthe mtundu wa mthunzi wotsitsa. Mwachikhazikitso, mthunzi wotsitsa udzakhala wakuda (monga momwe mithunzi imakhalira!). Komabe, mutha kudina pawotchi yayikulu kuti musankhe mtundu watsopano (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Zokambirana za Colour Picker mu GIMP zimakupatsani mwayi wosankha mtundu wina wa mthunzi wanu

Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito dialogue ya Colour yomwe imatuluka kuti musankhe mtundu uliwonse womwe mukufuna. Mutha kukoka mbewa yanu mozungulira Chosankha Chamitundu kumanzere kumanzere pogwiritsa ntchito mzere wamtundu umodzi (muvi wofiyira) ndi dera lamitundu iwiri (muvi wabuluu). Kapena, mutha kulemba pawokha manambala amtundu wa matchanelo amtundu uliwonse kumanja kwa Colour dialogue.

Zindikirani: R, G, ndi B amaimira “Red,” “Green,” ndi “Blue,” pamene L, C, ndi h amaimira “Luminance,” “Chroma,” ndi “hue,” ndipo pomalizira pake mawu akuti a. kwa “alpha,” chimene chiri kuwonekera basi.

Mutha kukoperanso mtundu womwe ndasankha pano polemba "HTML Notation" (chithunzi chachikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Ndikakonzeka kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu uwu, ndikudina "Chabwino." Mudzawona mthunzi wanga tsopano ndi mtundu wabuluu wowala.

Drop Shadow Opacity

Gwiritsani ntchito slider ya opacity kuti musinthe mawonekedwe kapena kuwonekera kwa mthunzi wanu wogwetsa mu GIMP

Kumanja kwa chowotcha chamitundu yayikulu ndi chosankha chamitundu (muvi wofiyira) chomwe chimakulolani kusankha mtundu uliwonse wamtundu wanu wa GIMP (bola uli mkati mwa chinsalu).

Pansi pa Zosankha zamtundu ndi "Opacity" slider (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Slider iyi imakulolani kuti mupangitse mthunzi wanu wogwetsa kukhala wowonekera (onani-kupyola) pokokera kumanzere, kapena kusawoneka bwino pokokera kumanja.

Mudzawona ndikakokera mtengowu kumanzere kuti mthunzi wadontho ukhale wofooka kwambiri (muvi wachikasu).

Ndikakokera mtengo kumanja, mthunzi wotsitsa umamveka bwino. Mtengo wa slider ukayikidwa ku 1.0, izi zikutanthauza kuti mthunzi wotsikirapo ndi wowoneka bwino (kapena 0% wowonekera).

Kuyika mtengo wa opacity slider pamwamba pa 1.0 kumapanga 100% opacity

GIMP imakupatsani mwayi wopitilira 1.0 pamtengo uwu. Kuti mumvetsetse chifukwa chake, ndiloleni ndifotokoze motere: Kufikira 1.0 kudzakhudza mawonekedwe a malo amthunzi waukulu kupatula malo osawoneka bwino. Pakati pa 1.0 ndi 2.0 zidzakhudza kuwala kwa dera la blur. Monga mukuwonera pachithunzichi, ndikakoka mtengo wotsetsereka pamwamba pa 1.0 (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), mawonekedwe a mthunzi wotsitsa amayamba kusintha pomwe malo osawoneka bwino amasiya kuwonekera ndikukhala opaque (muvi wachikasu) .

Nthawi zambiri ndimakonda kusawoneka bwino kwanga pansi pa 1.0 - kotero ndisintha mtengowu kukhala pakati pa .5 ndi 1.0.

Zosankha Zodulira

Khazikitsani momwe malirewo amalumikizirana ndi mthunzi wanu wotsitsa pogwiritsa ntchito Clipping dropdown mu GIMP

Chotsatira mu Drop Shadow dialogue ndi "Clipping" dontho (lokulitsidwa ndi kufotokozedwa muchikasu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mwachikhazikitso, izi zidzakhazikitsidwa kuti "Sinthani," zomwe zikutanthauza kuti malire osanjikiza mawu (muvi wofiyira) asinthidwa kuti agwirizane ndi ma pixel onse opangidwa ndi mthunzi wotsitsa. Izi zimalepheretsa mthunzi wotsitsa kuti usadulidwe.

Komabe, nditha kusintha mtengowu kukhala "Clip," zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ma pixel azithunzi aliwonse omwe amatuluka kunja kwa malire "adzadulidwa" kapena kudulidwa.

Kuphatikiza Zosankha

Sinthani mawonekedwe osakanikirana a mthunzi wanu wogwetsa mu GIMP

Pansi pa Clipping dropdown pali malo otchedwa "Blending options." Izi zitha kukupatsirani mwachisawawa, kotero mutha kudina kachizindikiro kakang'ono "+" kuti muwulule malowa (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa). Chinthu choyamba apa ndi "Mode" dropdown (muvi wofiira), womwe umakulolani kusankha mtundu wosakanikirana kapena wosanjikiza.

Kuwoneratu kwa njira yosakanikirana ya Dissolve yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamthunzi wotsitsa mu GIMP

Zosankha mkati mwa dontho ili ndi zofanana ndi zomwe mungagwiritse ntchito zigawo pamwamba pa gulu la zigawo. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, zosankha izi ndi mitundu yonse yosanjikiza, mawonekedwe okhawo omwe mwasankha adzagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha pazithunzi zotsitsa osati pagawo lonse. Izi zimakupatsani mwayi wowonjezera zina pazithunzi zanu zotsitsa. Mwachitsanzo, ndikasankha njira ya "Dissolve" (muvi wachikasu), muwona kuti mthunzi wanga wogwetsa ukhala ndi njira yosungunulira (muvi wofiyira).

Kuwoneratu kwa Dissolve blending mode ndi kuchepa kwa kuwala kwa GIMP dontho la mthunzi

Pansipa kutsika uku pali chotsitsa china cha "Opacity" (muvi wofiyira). Nthawi ino, chotsitsacho chimangokulolani kuti musankhe pakati pa 0 ndi 100 ndikupangitsa mthunzi wonse wa dontho. Zimatengera zotsatira zonse ndi zosintha zomwe mudagwiritsa ntchito m'masitepe oyambirira ndikuziphatikiza kukhala chinthu chimodzi. Ndiye mukukonza kusawoneka kwa chinthu chimodzicho.

Ndikakokera chotsetserekera chowonekera pansi, mthunzi wonsewo ukhala wowonekera (muvi wabuluu). Ngati ndikokera mtengo wa slider m'mwamba, umakhala wosawoneka bwino.

Kusunga Zokonzekera

Dinani chizindikiro chowonjezera kuti musunge zosintha zanu za GIMP ngati zokhazikitsiratu ndikutchula zomwe mwakonzera

Ngati ndimafuna kusunga makonda onse omwe ndangowapanga kuti ndigwiritse ntchito mtsogolo, nditha kukwera pamwamba pa Drop Shadow dialogue ndikudina chizindikiro chaching'ono "+" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Bokosi lotchedwa "Save Settings as Named Preset" lidzawonekera (lolembedwa muchikasu), ndipo ndikhoza kupereka dzina langa lokonzekera. Pankhaniyi, nditcha "Blue Dissolve". Dinani Chabwino kuti mupange chosinthira chatsopano.

Gwiritsani ntchito dontho la Preset mu GIMP kuti mupeze ndikusankha kuyika kwazithunzi zanu

Pafupi ndi chizindikiro cha "+" pamwamba pali dontho (muvi wabuluu). Apa, muwona zomwe zidapangidwa zokha kutengera zotsatira za Drop Shadow zomwe mudagwiritsa ntchito m'magawo apitawa. Pansi, muwona mzere wogawa womwe umalekanitsa zoseweredwa zokha ndi zomwe wosuta adapanga. Pansi pa mzere wogawaniza muwona dzina lazokonzeratu zatsopano zomwe tangopanga - "Blue Dissolve" (muvi wofiyira).

Kuwoneratu Shadow Yanu Yotsitsa

Mawonekedwe a Split amakulolani kuti muwone mbali ndi mbali musanayambe kapena pambuyo pakugwetsa mthunzi mu GIMP

Pansi pa zokambirana za Drop Shadow pali mabokosi a "Preview" ndi "Split Preview". Kuwoneratu (muvi wachikasu) kumakulolani kuti musinthe chithunzithunzi chamoyo pa canvas cha zotsatira za fyuluta.

Bokosi loyang'ana la "Split Preview" (muvi wofiyira), likayatsidwa, liwonetsa mzere wogawanitsa pansalu yanu (muvi wabuluu). Kumanzere kwa chogawaniza pali chithunzithunzi chamoyo cha zotsatira zake, pomwe kumanja kwa mzerewu ndizomwe zimapangidwira zisanagwiritsidwe ntchito (ie "mawu asanayambe").

Mutha kudina ndi kukokera mzerewu kudutsa chinsalu chanu kuti musinthe kukula kwa malo owoneratu mbali zonse za mzerewo. Mwachitsanzo, ndikakokera mzere kumanja, ndimapeza zowonera "pambuyo". Ndikakokera kumanzere, ndimapeza zowonera "zisanachitike".

Ngati sindikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito zosinthazi, nditha kudina batani la "Letsani". Kupanda kutero, ndikadina "Chabwino," chithunzi chotsitsa chidzagwiritsidwa ntchito pagawo langa.

Chotsatira chomaliza chotsitsa chowonjezera pamawu pogwiritsa ntchito GIMP

Zindikirani kuti ndi zotsatira zake tsopano palemba langa, mutuwo wasinthidwa kukhala wosanjikiza wa pixel (kutanthauza kuti zomwe zalembedwazo zatayidwa - muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Sindingathenso kusintha zolemba zanga ndi chida cholembera popanda kusintha mawonekedwe azithunzi.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munakonda, osayiwala kuyang'ana zanga zina Zolemba Zothandizira za GIMP, Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP, kapena kukhala a DMD Premium Member!