Imodzi mwa ntchito zoyamba zomwe mungakhale mukuyang'ana kuti muphunzire ku Inkscape ndi momwe mungazungulire chinthu. Mosiyana ndi mapulogalamu ena, monga GIMP, omwe amagwiritsa ntchito chida cha "kuzungulira" pa ntchitoyi, Inkscape imachita zinthu mosiyana.

M'nkhaniyi, ndikuwonetsani njira zitatu zosavuta zosinthira zinthu ku Inkscape. Ngakhale ndikhala ndikugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a rectangle kuti ndiwonetse momwe izi zimagwirira ntchito, njirazi zimagwirira ntchito pazinthu zonse ndi mawonekedwe, komanso mabokosi olembera.

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

Kanema: Sinthani Zinthu mu Inkscape

Njira 1: Tembenuzani Pachinsalu ndi Ma Handles Ozungulira

Tiyeni tiyambe ndi kujambula chinthu. Kuti ndichite izi, ndigwira chida changa cha rectangle (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), dinani kumanzere pamtundu wa gulu la Swatches (muvi wabuluu) kuti musankhe mtundu wa rectangle, ndikudina ndikukokera mbewa yanga. chinsalu kujambula rectangle.

Ndikamasula mbewa yanga, rectangle tsopano idzawonekera pachinsalu changa ndi mtundu womwe ndasankha pagulu la swatches (lofiira pankhaniyi) ngati mtundu wodzaza. Mudzawonanso kuti pali zogwirira 3 pamawonekedwe anga - chogwirira chapakati kumanzere kumanzere ndi pansi pomwe ngodya ya rectangle (mivi yabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndi chogwirira chozungulira pakona yakumanja yakumanja (muvi wobiriwira). Zogwirizirazi ndi zosinthira m'lifupi ndi kutalika kwa mawonekedwe anu (zogwira mabwalo) kapena kuwonjezera kuzungulira kumakona a mawonekedwe anu (chogwirira chozungulira).

Komabe, kuti tisinthe mawonekedwe, tifunika kugwira chida cha Select mubokosi la zida (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mukasankha chida ichi, zogwirizira zozungulira mawonekedwe anu zidzasintha kukhala mivi yakuda pamagawo osiyanasiyana a mawonekedwe (muvi wabuluu).

Izi zogwirira ntchito zomwe zimawonekera koyamba zimakulolani kuti musinthe kukula ndi mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe.

Ngati ndidina mwachindunji mawonekedwe ndi chida changa chosankha, zogwirira ntchito zidzasintha. Mudzawona mivi inayi m'mbali mwa mawonekedwe (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa), ndi mivi inayi pamakona a mawonekedwe (muvi wofiira). Mivi yomwe ili m'makona a mawonekedwe ndi mivi yomwe ingatilole kutembenuza chinthucho (kachiwiri, muvi wofiira).

Ngati ndidina ndikukokera umodzi mwa mivi iyi pakona, mawonekedwe ake amazungulira komwe ndimakokera mbewa yanga. Pa chithunzi pamwambapa, ndidazungulira mawonekedwewo molunjika muvi wabuluu. Mudzawona mbali yozungulira pansi mu bar yomwe ili pansi pa chinsalu pansi pa Inkscape (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Ndikamasula mbewa yanga, mawonekedwewo tsopano azunguliridwa ndipo zogwirira ntchito zidzawonekeranso (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Nditha kumadina nthawi zonse ndikukoka zogwirira zozungulira nthawi iliyonse kuti ndisinthe mawonekedwe kuchokera pamalowo.

Pachifukwa ichi, ndikugunda ctrl+z kuti ndikonzenso mawonekedwewo ndisanachizungulire.

Njira 2: Kugwiritsa Ntchito Makiyi a Shortcut ndi Tool Control Bar

Chinanso chomwe ndikufuna kunena ndichakuti pali makiyi achidule omwe mungagwiritse ntchito pa kiyibodi yanu kuti musinthe mawonekedwe kapena zinthu ndi ma increments enieni (mu madigirii) kapena kuzungulira chinthu chanu kuchokera kumtunda wosiyana, kapena malo ozungulira, m'malo mozungulira pakati. wa mawonekedwe. Makiyi awa amatchedwa "makiyi osintha".

Mwachitsanzo, ndikadina ndikugwira chogwirira chozungulira, kenako gwira kiyi ya ctrl pa kiyibodi yanga ndikukoka mbewa yanga, mawonekedwe ake amazungulira ma degree 15. Mutha kuwona izi mu bar yoyimira (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) pafupi ndi pansi pa zenera langa la Inkscape - lomwe limatanthawuza kuwonjezereka (madigiri -15 pankhaniyi kuyambira pomwe ndidazungulira mawonekedwe motsata wotchi), komanso chosinthira. kiyi yomwe ndikugwiritsa ntchito (ikuti “with Ctrl snap angle” popeza ndikugwiritsa ntchito kiyi ya ctrl). Ndigunda ctrl+z pa kiyibodi yanga kuti ndisinthe izi ndikukhazikitsanso mawonekedwe ake momwe analili.

Kumbali ina, nditha kutembenuza chinthu changa mu 1 digiri increments pogwiritsa ntchito "alt+[" (kuzungulira kumanzere) kapena "alt+]" (kuzungulira kumanja) makiyi achidule. Nditha kugwira kiyi ya alt ndikusindikiza "[" kapena "]" kuti ndipitirize kuzungulira chinthucho mu ma increments amodzi mbali iliyonse. Kumbukirani kuti kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi sikungawonetse zambiri zozungulira mu bar, kotero muyenera kuwerengera kangati mwagunda makiyi achidule ngati mukufuna kudziwa ndendende madigiri angati omwe mwazungulira. njira iliyonse.

Ndigunda ctrl+z kuti ndibwerere pomwe panali mawonekedwewo.

Ngati ndigwira kiyi yosinthira ndikutembenuza chinthucho, chinthucho chimazungulira mbali ina ya chogwirira chomwe ndikudina. Chifukwa chake, mwachitsanzo, ngati ndigwira chosinthira ndikudina ndikukokera chogwirizira chakumanzere chakumanzere (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), chinthucho chimazungulira ngodya yakumanja kwa chinthucho (muvi wabuluu) osati chapakati pa chinthucho. .

Ndikagwira shift+ctrl, chinthucho chimazungulira ma degree 15 mozungulira ngodya ina kuchokera pa chogwirira chomwe ndikudina. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, zosintha ziwirizi zikhoza kuphatikizidwa kuti zikhale ndi zotsatira zonse panthawi imodzi. Ndigunda ctrl+z kuti ndibwererenso mpaka mawonekedwe anga ali pamalo ake oyamba osazungulira.

Ngati mukufuna kutembenuza chinthu mwachangu ndi madigiri 90, mutha kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito njira ziwiri.

Njira yoyamba ndikudina chizindikiro cha "Rotate 90° CCW" (potembenuza motsatana ndi wotchi) kapena "Zungutsani 90° CW" (potembenuza kutsata koloko) mu Tool Controls bar (yomwe ili mu buluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Njira yachiwiri ndikupita ku chinthu> kuzungulira 90 ° CW kuti mutembenuze chinthucho molunjika kapena chinthu> kuzungulira 90 ° CCW kuti muzungulire chinthucho molunjika. Izi zidzatulutsa zotsatira zofanana ndi njira yoyamba - kotero njira yomwe mumapita nayo imangotengera zomwe mumakonda (zithunzi ndizosavuta kupeza, kotero ndikupangira kuti mupite ndi njirayo).

Njira 3: Kugwiritsa Ntchito Transform Dialogue

Njira yomaliza yosinthira mawonekedwe, zinthu, zolemba, ndi zina zambiri mu Inkscape ndikugwiritsa ntchito kukambirana kwa Transform. Kuti mupeze izi, sankhani chinthu chanu pachinsalu chanu ndikupita ku Object> Transform.

Izi zitsegula zokambirana za Transform kudzanja lamanja la chinsalu chanu cha Inkscape (chomwe chili chobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Apa, muwona ma tabo angapo osinthira chinthu chomwe mwasankha. Tabu lachitatu lalembedwa kuti "Tembenuza" (muvi wofiyira). Dinani tsamba ili.

Patsambali, muwona gawo la manambala lolembedwa "Ngongole" yokhala ndi - ndi + chizindikiro (chomwe chafotokozedwa mobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Apa mutha kutembenuza chinthu chanu pogwiritsa ntchito muyeso wosankhidwa womwe uli patsamba lotsika kumanja kwa gawoli. Mwachisawawa, gawoli limayikidwa madigiri (°).

Kulemba mtengo wabwino m'gawoli kutembenuza chinthu chanu molunjika, ndipo kulemba mtengo wolakwika pagawoli kutembenuza chinthu chanu motsata wotchi. Mwachitsanzo, ngati ndilemba "45" apa (muvi wofiyira), ndiye dinani batani la "ikani" (muvi wobiriwira), mawonekedwe anga amazungulira madigiri 45 molunjika.

Chinthu chanu nthawi zonse chimazungulira kuchokera pomwe chili pano kutengera kuchuluka kwa manambala omwe mumayika pagawoli. Chifukwa chake, mawonekedwe athu pano akuzungulira madigiri 45. Ngati ndilemba "15" ndikudinanso batani la "apply", mawonekedwewo adzakhala atembenuza madigiri 15 kuchokera kumalo otsiriza. Mwanjira ina, madigiri a 15 adzawonjezedwa pakusintha kwa digiri ya 45, kupangitsa mawonekedwewo azunguliridwa pa madigiri 60.

Zachidziwikire, ngati ndilemba "-30" apa, mawonekedwewo amazunguliridwa ndi madigiri 30 motsatana ndi wotchi kuchokera pomwe ali pano. Chifukwa chake, mawonekedwewo adzakhala ndi madigiri 30 ozungulira molunjika. Mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito zithunzi kumanja kwakutali kuti musinthe njira yozungulira (mivi yofiira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Chizindikiro chakumanzere, chikasankhidwa, chimazungulira mawonekedwe molingana ndi kuchuluka komwe mumayika pamawerengero. Chizindikiro chakumanja, chikasankhidwa, chimapangitsa kuti mawonekedwewo azizunguliridwa molunjika.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Ngati munakonda, mutha kuyang'ananso zanga zina Maphunziro a Inkscape, kapena fufuzani wanga Maphunziro a GIMP!