M'nkhani yothandizayi ndikuwonetsani momwe mungawonjezere sitiroko pamawonekedwe anu pogwiritsa ntchito njira yosavuta, yosavuta kuyamba. Mutha kuwonera kanema wamaphunzirowa pansipa, kapena kudumphani kuti mupeze nkhani yonse yothandizira yomwe ikupezeka m'zilankhulo 30+.

M'ndandanda wazopezekamo

Video: How to Stroke Shapes in GIMP

Gawo 1: Jambulani Mawonekedwe Anu

Start by opening a new image into GIMP

Kuti muyambe, muyenera kutsegula GIMP ndikupanga chikalata chatsopano (pitani Fayilo> Chatsopano kapena dinani ctrl+n pa kiyibodi yanu).

Grab the Ellipse Select tool from the GIMP Toolbox or use E shortcut key

Ndi chikalata chanu chatsopano chotsegulidwa, gwirani chida chosankha mawonekedwe kuchokera m'bokosi lanu la zida (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) monga chida cha Rectangle Select (gundani kiyi ya "R" pa kiyibodi yanu yachidule) kapena chida cha Ellipse Select (gundani. batani la "E" pa kiyibodi yanu yachidule - muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa).

Click and drag on your composition to draw an ellipse or circle shape

Chida chanu chikayamba kugwira ntchito, dinani ndi kukoka mbewa yanu kudutsa nyimbo yanu kuti mujambule mawonekedwe anu. Ngati mugwiritsa ntchito kiyi yosinthira pomwe mukukoka, mawonekedwe anu azikhala ndi chiyerekezo cha 1: 1. Ngati mugwiritsanso kiyi ya alt pamene mukukoka, mawonekedwewo amajambula kuchokera pakati. Tulutsani mbewa yanu kuti mugwiritse ntchito kusankha kwa mawonekedwe.

Click the Create New Layer icon at the bottom of the GIMP Layers panel

Mutha kudzaza mawonekedwe anu ndi mtundu pogwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo zosavuta. Choyamba, Pangani wosanjikiza watsopano mugawo la Zigawo (muvi wabuluu pachithunzi pamwambapa) podina chizindikiro cha New Layer (muvi wofiyira). Tchulani wosanjikiza chilichonse chomwe mungafune (ndinatcha yanga "Mawonekedwe Odzaza" - olembedwa obiriwira) ndipo onetsetsani kuti "Dzazani Ndi" wayikidwa "Transparency" (muvi wapinki). Dinani Chabwino kuti mupange wosanjikiza.

Drag and drop a color from the foreground swatch into your shape to fill it in

Tsopano, ndi wosanjikiza uyu akugwira ntchito, dinani ndi kukoka mtundu wakutsogolo womwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito kuchokera pa Swatch yanu yakutsogolo kupita kudera lomwe lili mkati mwazosankha (tsatirani mivi yofiira pamzere wamadontho obiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Maonekedwe anu tsopano adzadzazidwa ndi mtundu uwu.

Gawo 2: Jambulani Stroke Yanu

Create another new layer, rename it Shape Stroke, and fill it with transparency

Kusunga malo osankhidwa akugwira ntchito, tsopano tijambula mawonekedwe athu. Choyamba, pangani wosanjikiza wina watsopano (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Nthawiyi, tchulani "Shape Stroke" (yomwe ili yobiriwira) ndipo onetsetsani kuti "Dzazani" ikadali "Transparency" (muvi wapinki). Dinani Chabwino kuti muwonjezere wosanjikiza watsopano.

Muli ndi njira ziwiri zojambulira sitiroko.

Njira 1 - Kusankha kwa Stroke

Stroke the Selection area using the Edit menu in GIMP

Njira yosavuta ndiyo kupita ku Edit> Stroke Selection. Izi zibweretsa kukambirana kwa "Stroke Selection".

Change the foreground color to the desired color for your shape's stroke

Kenako, dinani pawotchi yakutsogolo kuti musankhe mtundu womwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito pa sitiroko yanu (ndisankha zoyera ngati zanga). Dinani Chabwino kuti muyike utoto uwu ngati mtundu wathu wakutsogolo.

Adjust the settings for your stroke using GIMP's Stroke Selection dialogue

Tsopano mufuna kusintha makonda a sitiroko pogwiritsa ntchito kukambirana kwa Stroke Selection. Ndiwonetsetsa kuti yanga yakhazikitsidwa kukhala "Mzere wa Stroke" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa), kuphatikiza "mtundu wokhazikika" (muvi wapinki). Pitirizani "kutsutsa-aliasing" kutsegulidwa kuti muwonetsetse kugunda bwino, ndikuyika m'lifupi momwe mukufuna kugwiritsira ntchito sitiroko yanu (ndinapita ndi ma pixel a 20 - otchulidwa mu zobiriwira).
Mukadina "Dash Preset" dropdown (yomwe ili yofiira), mudzakhala ndi zina zowonjezera pazokonda za mzere wanu ndi mtundu wa sitiroko yomwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito pozungulira mawonekedwe anu. Ine kusankha "Mzere" njira kuchokera dropdown.

Check Stroke with a paint tool to use a brush tool to stroke your shape in GIMP

Mudzaona apa kuti pali njira ina ya “Sitiroko ndi chida chopenta” (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) – njirayi igwiritsa ntchito burashi yanu yapenti yomwe ikugwira ntchito ndi zoikamo za burashi kuti mujambule mawonekedwe anu. Ndimakonda kupita ndi njira ya "Stroke line" pamwamba pomwe imalola kuwongolera pang'ono ndikupanga zotsatira zoyeretsa. Komabe, pangakhale nthawi zambiri zomwe mungafune kusisita ndi burashi ya penti.

Mukakonzeka, dinani batani la "Sitroke" (muvi wobiriwira) kuti mujambule mawonekedwe anu.

GIMP may create a jagged stroke around your shape with this method

Nkhani imodzi ndi njira iyi yosisita mawonekedwe anu ndi yakuti sitiroko idzawoneka yopapatiza kapena "yopanda pake," monga ndimakonda kunena, kuzungulira mawonekedwe anu. Mutha kuwona izi pachithunzi pamwambapa - makamaka m'dera lomwe muvi wofiira ukulozera. Ineyo pandekha ndimakonda kutembenuza malo osankhidwa kukhala njira kaye ndisanajambule sitiroko yanga.

Njira 2 - Stroke to Path

Njira yotsatira yosisita mawonekedwe anu ili ndi masitepe angapo owonjezera, koma m'malingaliro mwanga ndi njira yabwinoko chifukwa cha sitiroko yosalala yomwe imapanga. Ngati mukufuna kutsatira limodzi, ine kupitiriza njira imeneyi kuyambira pamene ife anadzaza bwalo mawonekedwe athu ndi buluu.

Navigate to the Paths tab in GIMP and click Selection to Path

Kuti muyambe njirayi, ndi gawo lanu losankha mawonekedwe likugwirabe ntchito, dinani pa "Njira" tabu (muvi wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kenako, dinani chizindikiro cha "Kusankha Panjira" (muvi wofiyira). Izi zisintha mawonekedwe anu kukhala njira.

Tsopano, sankhani malo omwe mwasankha popita ku Sankhani> Palibe kapena kumenya ctrl+shift+a pa kiyibodi yanu.

Click the Stroke Path icon at the bottom of the Paths dialogue to view Stroke Style settings

Ndi malo osankhidwa osasankhidwa, dinani chizindikiro cha "Paint along path" pansi pa tsamba la Njira (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zibweretsa kukambirana kwa "Stroke path" (yofotokozedwa mobiriwira).

Make sure you are on a new layer and apply your custom stroke

Kenako, bwererani ku gulu la "Layers" (muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Onetsetsani kuti muli pamndandanda watsopano wa sitiroko (ndili ndi gawo langa la "Shape stroke" kuyambira kale - lowonetsedwa ndi muvi wobiriwira, koma mutha kupanga wosanjikiza watsopano ngati mulibe pano).

Zokonda pa zokambirana za "Stroke path" ndizofanana ndi zomwe tidakambirana kale za "Stroke Selection". Mukakhala okonzeka kupenta sitiroko yanu, dinani OK.

Finished stroked shape using GIMP

Ndichoncho! Zosavuta kwambiri, komanso njira yabwino yowonjezerera zowonjezera kapena kukula kwa mawonekedwe anu. Ngati mudasangalala ndi nkhaniyi, mutha kuwona zambiri Zolemba Zothandizira za GIMP patsamba langa, penyani wanga Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP, kapena kupeza zina zowonjezera pokhala a DMD Premium Member.