Mu choyamba ndi lachiwiri Maphunziro a zigawo za GIMP zomwe ndidapangira mndandandawu, ndakhala ndikugwira ntchito ndi zigawo zomwe zadzazidwa kapena zojambulidwa ndi mtundu umodzi. Kugwira ntchito ndi GIMP mwachiwonekere kungakhale kovuta kwambiri kuposa izi monga momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mitundu ingapo pamtanda, kuphatikizapo zida zambiri ndi mitundu yosanjikiza, komanso mukhoza kupanga zigawo zatsopano pogwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zochokera kunja.

Kulowetsa fano ngati wosanjikiza ndi njira yosavuta yomwe ingatheke pogwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo zosiyana. Ndikhala ndikulemba njira izi munkhaniyi ya GIMP Help. Mudzawona m'nkhaniyi kuti ndili ndi maziko oyambira ndi Gawo 1, lomwe lili ndi mzere wa buluu wa squiggly. Ngati mukuganiza momwe ndafikira pano, omasuka kuwona Gawo 1 kapena Gawo 2 la mndandandawu (izi ndi gawo lachitatu, ngakhale litha kuwerengedwa ngati nkhani yoyimirira popanda 3 ina) pa Zigawo za GIMP.

Njira 1: Tsegulani ngati zigawo

Fayilo Open As Layers GIMP 2019

Njira yoyamba ndikupita ku Fayilo> Open as Layers. Izi zidzatsegula bokosi la "Open as Image as Layers".

Tsegulani ngati Layers Dialogue GIMP 2 10

Kuchokera pamenepo, mutha kuyang'ana mafayilo apakompyuta yanu mu bokosi la Open as Layers dialogue (chithunzi pamwambapa) kuti mupeze chithunzi chomwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito kuti mutsegule ngati wosanjikiza.

Ndikudziwa kuti chithunzi chomwe ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito chili pagalimoto yanga ya DATA (D :) , kotero ndikudina pamalowo pansi pa gawo la "Malo" (lomwe likuyimira muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa). Kuchokera pamenepo, ndikudina kawiri pa chikwatu cha "Downloads" (muvi wobiriwira), ndikuyenda pansi mpaka nditapeza chithunzi chomwe ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito.

Sankhani Mtundu Wafayilo Mwa Kuwonjeza Open As Layers

Ngati ndili ndi mafayilo ambiri ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mafayilo mufoda yanga, nditha kudina "Sankhani Mtundu wa Fayilo" (yomwe ikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira) kuti muchepetse mafayilo kukhala mtundu wina wa fayilo. Mwachitsanzo, ndikudziwa kuti chithunzi chomwe ndikuyang'ana ndi JPEG, kotero nditha kusankha njira ya "JPEG Image" kuti ndiwonetsetse kuti mafayilo a JPEG okha ndi omwe akuwonetsedwa mufoda yomwe ndikufufuzamo (gawoli likupezeka mu GIMP 2.10 kapena zatsopano).

Tsopano nditha kusuntha zithunzi za JPEG mpaka nditapeza chithunzi chomwe ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito. Pankhaniyi, ndigwiritsa ntchito chithunzi cha "Model in Red Chair" (muvi wobiriwira). Ndikadina pa chithunzichi, chithunzithunzi cha chithunzicho chidzawonekera mu gawo la Preview (muvi wabuluu) - womwe umawonetsanso kukula kwa fayilo, miyeso, malo amtundu, ndi chiwerengero cha zigawo zomwe zili pachithunzichi (zithunzi za JPEG nthawi zonse zidzawoneka. kukhala 1 layer).

Mukakonzeka kutsegula chithunzicho, ndikudina batani la "Open".

Tsegulani ngati Layers New Layer Created GIMP

Izi zidzatsegula chithunzi changa ngati chosanjikiza chatsopano muzolemba zanga. GIMP idzatsegula chithunzi chanu sitepe imodzi pamwamba pa chithunzi chanu chogwira ntchito mumsanja. Chifukwa chake, chifukwa chosanjikiza changa chogwira chinali Gawo 1, lomwe linali losanjikiza pamwamba pa muluwo, chithunzi changa chatsopano chatseguka ngati chosanjikiza chapamwamba kwambiri pamtengo (muvi wofiyira). Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa chithunzi changa ndi 1920 x 1280 pixels, ndichokulirapo kuposa kukula kwa kapangidwe kathu konse (komwe ndi 1920 x 1080), motero chimalepheretsa ma pixel onse omwe ali pansi pake. Chinthu chokha chomwe mukuchiwona pakali pano ndi chithunzi. Kuonjezera apo, malire osanjikiza a chithunzicho amapita kunja kwa malire a chinsalu, monga momwe amasonyezera mizere yachikasu yomwe imasonyeza wosanjikiza.

Layer Pansi mu Stacking Order New Layer kuchokera ku Image

Ndikadina chizindikiro cha "Lower" (chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira), nditha kutsitsa chithunzicho motsatana, chomwe chidzawonetsa ma pixel abuluu ojambulidwa pa Layer 1.

Kwezani Chizindikiro Chotsegula ngati Magawo GIMP

Ndikadinanso chizindikiro cha "Lower" kachiwiri, ma pixel oyera ochokera ku Background layer tsopano atsekereza chithunzicho. Kuonjezera apo, kusankha kutsitsa wosanjikiza kwakhala imvi chifukwa tsopano ndi gawo lotsika kwambiri mu dongosolo la stacking. Komabe, tsopano nditha kugwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro cha "Kwezani" (muvi wofiyira) kuti ndikweze zosanjikizazo.

Layer Yatsopano kuchokera ku Image GIMP Chotsani Gulu

Ndidina chizindikiro cha Kwezani kamodzi kuti ndikweze chithunzicho sitepe imodzi mumsanja. Izi zimapangitsa kukhala gawo lapakati mu dongosolo la stacking. Tsopano nditha kukweza kapena kutsitsa wosanjikiza mumsanjiro.

Komabe, pakadali pano ndidina chizindikiro cha "Chotsani wosanjikiza" (chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiyira pachithunzi pamwambapa) kuti mufufute wosanjikiza wa chithunzicho. Ndanena kale m'nkhaniyi kuti pali njira zingapo zotsegulira chithunzi ngati zigawo muzolemba zanu. Tsopano ndifotokoza njira yachiwiri.

Njira 2: Kokani ndikugwetsa kuchokera ku File Explorer

Kokani ndi Kuponya Chithunzi kuchokera ku Foda kupita ku GIMP

Njira yachiwiri ndikungogwiritsa ntchito File Explorer (kapena Finder Window pa MAC) kuti mupeze chithunzi chomwe mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito. Kwa ine, ndipita ku Foda Yotsitsa pagalimoto yanga ya Data (D:).

Ndikapeza chithunzi changa mufoda yanga, nditha kudina ndikukoka chithunzicho (muvi wofiyira woyamba kumanzere) kuchokera pa Fayilo ya Fayilo mwachindunji muzolemba zanga mu GIMP (mpaka muvi wofiyira wachiwiri kumanja pachithunzi pamwambapa). Mutha kukoka chithunzi chanu pagawo lililonse la canvas yanu, ndikumasula mbewa yanu mukangoyang'ana pansalu.

Kokani ndi Kugwetsa Chithunzi Kuti Pangani Gulu Latsopano mu GIMP

Izi zidzatsegulanso chithunzi chanu ngati chosanjikiza muzolemba zanu. Malo azithunzi mustakiyi adzadaliranso kuti ndi gawo liti lomwe linali logwira ntchito panthawi yomwe mumakoka ndikugwetsa chithunzi chanu. Kwa ine, popeza gawo langa la Background linali gawo logwira ntchito, chithunzi changa chikuwoneka ngati chachiwiri pagawo losanjikiza (pamwamba pa Background wosanjikiza ndi pansi pa Gawo 1 - lowonetsedwa ndi muvi wofiira).

Ine tsopano dinani "Chotsani Gulu" mafano (buluu muvi) kachiwiri kuchotsa chitsanzo chithunzi wosanjikiza ndi kukonzekera lachitatu ndi njira yomaliza.

Njira 3: Kokani ndikugwetsa kuchokera ku Mapangidwe Ena mu GIMP

Njira yachitatu komanso yomaliza yotsegulira chithunzi ngati chosanjikiza mu GIMP imakhudza momwe muli ndi chithunzi chotsegulidwa kale mu GIMP mu tabu ina.

Fayilo Tsegulani Kuti Mutsegule Chithunzi Chatsopano mu GIMP

Mwachitsanzo, nditha kutsegula chithunzi mu tabu ina kupita ku Fayilo> Tsegulani.

Tsegulani Image Dialogue Box Layer New Layer kuchokera ku Image Tutorial

Izi zibweretsa bokosi langa la Open Image dialogue. Kuchokera apa, nditha kutsegulanso chithunzi chomwe ndikufuna kugwiritsa ntchito - chomwe chiri Model mu Red Chair fano (muvi wofiira). Dinani Open batani (muvi wabuluu) kuti mutsegule chithunzicho kukhala GIMP.

Kutsegula Chithunzi Mu GIMP Composition

Nthawi ino, ndikadina batani la "Tsegulani", idzatsegula chithunzi changa m'chipangidwe chatsopano - chomwe chili mu tabu yosiyana ndi zomwe takhala tikugwiramo (tabu yatsopanoyo imasonyezedwa ndi muvi wofiyira chithunzi). Cholembacho chili ndi gawo limodzi lokha, lomwe lili ndi dzina lofanana ndi chithunzi chathu choyambirira ("Model in Red Chair.jpg").

Dinani ndi Kokani Zithunzi Tabu kuti Mulowetse Ngati Layer mu GIMP

Kuti ndibweretse chithunzichi muzolemba zanga zina, zomwe ndiyenera kuchita ndikudina pa tabu yomwe ili pamwamba pa zenera la chithunzi, kukoka mbewa yanga pa tabu ya zomwe ndikufuna kuyika chithunzi changa (kotero, tabu yathu. zolemba zoyambirira), kokerani mbewa yanga pansalu, ndikumasula mbewa yanga. (Tsatirani njira ya mzere wobiriwira pachithunzi pamwambapa, ndikudina pomwe muvi wofiyira woyamba uyenera kuyambika ndikumathera pomwe muvi wofiyira wachiwiri uli pamwamba pa chinsalu).

Chifaniziro chotsika cha buffer gimp 2 10

Chithunzi changa chawonjezedwa ngati chosanjikiza chatsopano pakupanga kwanga koyambirira - nthawi ino ndi dzina loti "Dropped Buffer" (lotanthauzidwa ndi muvi wofiira).

Ndikhoza kudina kawiri pa dzina la wosanjikiza kuti ndisinthe kukhala chilichonse chomwe ndikufuna - apa ndingosintha kukhala "Model in Red Chair." Dinani batani lolowetsa kuti mugwiritse ntchito dzina latsopano.

Ndizo za phunziro ili! Potsatira mndandanda wanga wa GIMP Layers, ndilowamo Layer Transparency. Ngati munakonda phunziro ili, mukhoza kuona ena anga Zolemba Zothandizira za GIMP, wanga Maphunziro avidiyo a GIMP, kapena wanga Maphunziro a GIMP Premium & Courses.